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Gita : Ch-12.Slo-2.

( Very important Slokam ) Study well, and follow Lord's teachings sincerely ..

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-12. ( Bhakti-yogam )

Slokam-2. : The devotee who does Upasana ( Prayer/ on ) to Paramatma in the "Saakaara bhaavam" ( VIGRAHA-ARADHANA/ IMAGE OR SOME SORT OF OBJECT WORSHIP), What are the gunas ( qualities ) required to such person? - this is told in this slokam.

Introduction :- 1. The first slokam of this chapter starts with Arjuna's doubts about Bhakti-yogam. The seekers are two types. 1. one who worship through vigrah-aradhana ( saakaara-bhaavam)( image or statue or object worship ). and 2. worship without the supports of objects ( niraakaara-bhavam). Both groups are yogies,-if so , who among the two is more "Sreshtan" ( Superior).

Arjuna's question is - Is it possible to attain Paramatma through image worship, an image with its limitations how becomes the symbol of Paramatma? How can a wave represent the Ocean?

Here the slokam two begins with answer to the above question...

Mayyaavesya   mano   ye   mam   nityayukta   upasate,

Sraddhaya   parayopetah   te   me   yuktatama   matah.

manah   mayi   aavesya  =  mind enters the Paramatma  and,

paraya   sraddhaya   upetah  =  with supreme concentration and attention,

ye   mam   upasate  =  one who does upasana,

te   yuktatamah  =  he is the  superior yogi,

me  matah  =  this is my opinion.

Bhagavan Krishna here announces the essential three gunas ( qualities ), required by the Bhaktas  ( devotees/ seekers ), who follow Sadhana.  Generally there is a belief that Bhakti-margham is simple and easy way to attain Paramatma. According to individual's interest and eligibility, each seeker selects the margham ( way/route ) for Bhakti Sadhana.This helps seeker in his journey to Paramatma.

For example : According to the difference in the vehicles used, the route will change, along the road you cannot travel by boat, likewise travel by car in the waters, not possible, a cyclist cannot pedal in  60kilometer speed, where as car can.

Hence A seeker should know what margham is suitable for him, he can follow either Bhakti margham, or karma-margham, or Jnana-margham, according to his convenience.

1. "Mayyavesya  manah" ( Connect your mind with me ) : - Our subtle body ( mind, intelligence, ego ) is full of cinthas ( thoughts ). Mind and intelligence are nothing but thoughts only. It is not enough, that  Eswara-cinthanam ( God-minded practised as a time-pass. The arrow ( mind ), should hit the target ( Eswaran / God ), like the arrow pierce the target and pass through, mind must dissolve after connecting the Supreme. The word 'Avesya' means it is not enough a simple touch, but hit and pierce. Whatever we think, its dharmam, rupam, and bhaavam, gunas are acquired by our mind. During meditation, when the intensity of the meditation increases meditator will be dissolved in the object ( Paramatma )of the meditation. It is felt by the meditator, when he fully involves his mind ( silences his mind ), he feels that his individuality is surrendered to the Lord.

2. Nityayukta upasate ( ever remain alert in upasana ):- This is the second quality of a person who follows the Bhakti-margham. During meditation seeker should concentrate his mind in meditation, no thoughts should disturb the mind, the attention should be in the target only. This process is called 'yogam', one who is capable for yogam is known as 'Yuktan'. Ability to take the mind towards the Paramatma, without any struggle, such meditators are 'Nityayukta'.

When we hear the word 'upasana'Pujas, Archanas, like rituals come to our memory. But upasana is not a body concerned activity, it is not a physical activity, it is concerned with mind only, that is, taking our inner self to Supreme Paramatma and connect,then  dissolve in Paramatma.( UPA = NEAR, ASANAM = SIT ( FIX/CONNECT )- ALLOW THE MIND TO TAKE ITS STATUS NEAR PARAMATMA. Because of this practice when mind is silenced, Jeevatma ( the inner chaithanyam/power ) unite and dissolve in Paramatma, the Supreme truth.

3. Sraddhayo parayopetah :- Usually we mean faith for the word 'Sraddha'. But it is not an ordinary faith. For example :- Today some one who have experience in a thing, tells me about it ( on that I have on idea or experience), I believe it as truth, thereafter I examine whether it is truth or not by using discrimination, once it is proved true and the my faith on that truth is called "Sraddha". What Science and teacher tell about things, the ability to find the truth in that, is called "Sraddha". Only those who have this ability only succeed in the bliss, the others who have no sraddha meet failure in their attempt in meditation.

Finally summing up - The three important qualities necessary for a Bhaktan ( seeker/devotee ) are mentioned in this slokam, they are - 1. Sraddha, 2. Ekagrta (Concentration), 3.  Tanmayata ( Union/ connection). The devotee who have all these three qualities, Lord Sri Krishna declares, that this Bhaktan is the valuable "YOGI".

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …