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Gita : Ch-12.Slo-2.



( Very important Slokam ) Study well, and follow Lord's teachings sincerely ..

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-12. ( Bhakti-yogam )

Slokam-2. : The devotee who does Upasana ( Prayer/ meditate..so on ) to Paramatma in the "Saakaara bhaavam" ( VIGRAHA-ARADHANA/ IMAGE OR SOME SORT OF OBJECT WORSHIP), What are the gunas ( qualities ) required to such person? - this is told in this slokam.


Introduction :- 1. The first slokam of this chapter starts with Arjuna's doubts about Bhakti-yogam. The seekers are two types. 1. one who worship through vigrah-aradhana ( saakaara-bhaavam)( image or statue or object worship ). and 2. worship without the supports of objects ( niraakaara-bhavam). Both groups are yogies,-if so , who among the two is more "Sreshtan" ( Superior).


Arjuna's question is - Is it possible to attain Paramatma through image worship, an image with its limitations how becomes the symbol of Paramatma? How can a wave represent the Ocean?

Here the slokam two begins with answer to the above question...

Slokam-
Mayyaavesya   mano   ye   mam   nityayukta   upasate,


Sraddhaya   parayopetah   te   me   yuktatama   matah.

Meaning-
manah   mayi   aavesya  =  mind enters the Paramatma  and,

paraya   sraddhaya   upetah  =  with supreme concentration and attention,

ye   mam   upasate  =  one who does upasana,

te   yuktatamah  =  he is the  superior yogi,

me  matah  =  this is my opinion.

Discussion-
Bhagavan Krishna here announces the essential three gunas ( qualities ), required by the Bhaktas  ( devotees/ seekers ), who follow Sadhana.  Generally there is a belief that Bhakti-margham is simple and easy way to attain Paramatma. According to individual's interest and eligibility, each seeker selects the margham ( way/route ) for Bhakti Sadhana.This helps seeker in his journey to Paramatma.

For example : According to the difference in the vehicles used, the route will change, along the road you cannot travel by boat, likewise travel by car in the waters, not possible, a cyclist cannot pedal in  60kilometer speed, where as car can.

Hence A seeker should know what margham is suitable for him, he can follow either Bhakti margham, or karma-margham, or Jnana-margham, according to his convenience.

1. "Mayyavesya  manah" ( Connect your mind with me ) : - Our subtle body ( mind, intelligence, ego ) is full of cinthas ( thoughts ). Mind and intelligence are nothing but thoughts only. It is not enough, that  Eswara-cinthanam ( God-minded practised as a time-pass. The arrow ( mind ), should hit the target ( Eswaran / God ), like the arrow pierce the target and pass through, mind must dissolve after connecting the Supreme. The word 'Avesya' means it is not enough a simple touch, but hit and pierce. Whatever we think, its dharmam, rupam, and bhaavam, gunas are acquired by our mind. During meditation, when the intensity of the meditation increases meditator will be dissolved in the object ( Paramatma )of the meditation. It is felt by the meditator, when he fully involves his mind ( silences his mind ), he feels that his individuality is surrendered to the Lord.

2. Nityayukta upasate ( ever remain alert in upasana ):- This is the second quality of a person who follows the Bhakti-margham. During meditation seeker should concentrate his mind in meditation, no thoughts should disturb the mind, the attention should be in the target only. This process is called 'yogam', one who is capable for yogam is known as 'Yuktan'. Ability to take the mind towards the Paramatma, without any struggle, such meditators are 'Nityayukta'.

When we hear the word 'upasana'Pujas, Archanas, like rituals come to our memory. But upasana is not a body concerned activity, it is not a physical activity, it is concerned with mind only, that is, taking our inner self to Supreme Paramatma and connect,then  dissolve in Paramatma.( UPA = NEAR, ASANAM = SIT ( FIX/CONNECT )- ALLOW THE MIND TO TAKE ITS STATUS NEAR PARAMATMA. Because of this practice when mind is silenced, Jeevatma ( the inner chaithanyam/power ) unite and dissolve in Paramatma, the Supreme truth.

3. Sraddhayo parayopetah :- Usually we mean faith for the word 'Sraddha'. But it is not an ordinary faith. For example :- Today some one who have experience in a thing, tells me about it ( on that I have on idea or experience), I believe it as truth, thereafter I examine whether it is truth or not by using discrimination, once it is proved true and the my faith on that truth is called "Sraddha". What Science and teacher tell about things, the ability to find the truth in that, is called "Sraddha". Only those who have this ability only succeed in the bliss, the others who have no sraddha meet failure in their attempt in meditation.

Finally summing up - The three important qualities necessary for a Bhaktan ( seeker/devotee ) are mentioned in this slokam, they are - 1. Sraddha, 2. Ekagrta (Concentration), 3.  Tanmayata ( Union/ connection). The devotee who have all these three qualities, Lord Sri Krishna declares, that this Bhaktan is the valuable "YOGI".

To be continued  ...



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Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
The five great …

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.

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Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.

(8)

amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;

(9)

indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,

janmamrtyujaravyadhiduhkhadoshanudarsanam.

indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;

(10).

asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;

anab…

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Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )


Slokam-56. { One who is not disturbed in spite of the threefold miseries, who is not elated when there is happiness, and who is free from attachment, fear and anger, is called a sage of steady mind.}




Duhkheshvanudvignamanah    sukheshu     vigatasprhah,


Vitaragabhayakrodhah   sthitadhirmunirucyate.




duhkheshu  =  in   sorrows;

anudvignamanah  =   one   who  with  steady  mind ( balanced   mind, unshaken  mind, );

sukheshu  vigatasprhah  =  not  interested  in  happiness ( no desire  for happiness );

vitaragabhayakrodhah  muniah  =    free  from  attachments,  fear,  anger,  ( one  )  the muni (  Jnani  );

sthitadhirmunirucyate  =  is  called  as "Sthitah-prajnan" ( A  person   with  above   qualities ).





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