Gita : Ch-12. Slo-3&4. Discussion-1.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-12. ( Bhakti-yogam)

Slokam - 3 & 4.


ye  tvaksharamanirdesyam  avyaktam   paryupasate,

sarvatragamacintyam  ca  kutasthamacalam  dhruvam.


sanniyamyendriyagramam  sarvatra  samabuddhayah,

te  prapnuvanti  mameva   sarvabhutahite  ratah.

indriyagramam  samniyamya  =  contolling  all  sense-organs  as  necessary;

sarvatra  samabuddhayah  =  exclusively  and  with  maximum  balanced  mind;

sarvabhutahite  ratah  =  taking  care  and  interest  towards  the  welfare of  complete  living  things;

ye  tu  =  one  who;

arvatragam  acintyam  =  all-pervading  and  unimaginable ( inconceivable );

kutastham  acalam  =  in the center  and  immovable;

dhruvam  anirdesyam  =  permanent  ( fixed )  and  indefinite;

avyaktam  aksharam  =  unmanifested  and  which is beyond the perception of the senses  ( Brahmam )

 paryupasate  =  practice  Upasana;

te  mam  eva  prapnuvanti  =  they  attain  Me  only.


So it has been established that the devotees who with full faith focus their minds on the Supreme Lord Krishna and offer bhakti or exclusive loving devotion to Him are the most superior.

But what about the other votaries of the Vedic culture who follow the path of worshipping the imperishable brahman or the spiritual substratum pervading all existence which is unmanifest being imperceptible?

What are there rewards? This Lord Krishna elucidates in these two slokam-s.

In the Bhagavat Purana, the attribute of imperceptibility has been ascribed to illusion because it is acintyam or inconceivable and incapable of being rationalized although it is able to be perceived by some advanced beings.

The word aksharam is not referring directly to the Supreme Lord but rather to His impersonal unmanifest aspect known as the imperishable brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence.

In the very beginning there was neither existence or non-existence, there was neither superior elements or inferior elements.

Then there existed only tamas or the obscurity of darkness and within this obscurity alone was the unmanifest, inconceivable, ever renewable and was none other then prakriti the material substratum pervading physical existence which is imperceptible, possessing no distinctive attributes to distinguish her by.

To be continued   ...