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Gita : Ch-12. Slo-3&4. Discussion-2.



Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-12. ( Bhakti-yogam)

Slokam - 3 & 4.

(3)

ye  tvaksharamanirdesyam  avyaktam   paryupasate,


sarvatragamacintyam  ca  kutasthamacalam  dhruvam.

(4)

sanniyamyendriyagramam  sarvatra  samabuddhayah,


te  prapnuvanti  mameva   sarvabhutahite  ratah.


indriyagramam  samniyamya  =  contolling  all  sense-organs  as  necessary;

sarvatra  samabuddhayah  =  exclusively  and  with  maximum  balanced  mind;

sarvabhutahite  ratah  =  taking  care  and  interest  towards  the  welfare of  complete  living  things;

ye  tu  =  one  who;

arvatragam  acintyam  =  all-pervading  and  unimaginable ( inconceivable );

kutastham  acalam  =  in the center  and  immovable;

dhruvam  anirdesyam  =  permanent  ( fixed )  and  indefinite;

avyaktam  aksharam  =  unmanifested  and  which is beyond the perception of the senses  ( Brahmam )

 paryupasate  =  practice  Upasana;

te  mam  eva  prapnuvanti  =  they  attain  Me  only.

Discussion-2.


Similarly it has been stated in the Moksha Dharmam :-

That being supported by the attributes of the Supreme Lord, Sri Lakshmi is ever fresh and inaccessible to the senses.

Beyond the mind, unborn, existing even after universal dissolution are her special subsidiary attributes.

The Manu Samhita states that Sri Lakshmi is : -

Harmful to none, unaffected by time, without enmity to any, immutable, without loss of form, manifested in everything, performing every action, she is always existing, symbolizing the principles of tamas and inactivity, dormant during dissolution, beyond the scope of logic and reason, unknowable and passive in all activities.


Later in chapter 15, slokam 16 Lord Krishna states :-

 kutastho 'ksara ucyate meaning those who are personal associates of the Supreme Lord are eternal and infallible like the atma or soul.

The Rig Veda states :-

That which is abiding within that space is kutastho of an eternal nature.

So Sri Lakshmi is eternal because she abides there within that space.

The Gautama section of the Sama Veda states : -

The consort of the Supreme Lord is Sri Lakshmi and she is all pervading, immutable, inscrutable, the progenitor and support of creation the same as the Supreme Lord which is accomplished without any influence of rajas or passion.

According to the Agni Purana as Sri Lakshmi is never leaving her place at the feet of the Supreme Lord, she is achala or stationary.

The Narada Purana states that : -

Sri Lakshmi and the Supreme Lord are unperceivable, unmanifest and beyond the scope of the mind.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.

(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.



arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;


param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.


sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Liste…

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

12/07/2017.
Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)


jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,


anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.



jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
The five great …