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Gita : Ch-1. Slo-8.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-1. ( Arjuna-vishadha-yogam)


Slokam-8. ( There are personalities like yourself, Bhishma, Karna, Krpa, Asvatthama, Vikarna and the son of Somadatta called Bhurisrava, who are always victorious in battle.)


Bhavan  Bhishmasca   Karnasca   Krupasca   samitijnjayah,


Asvathama   Vikarnasca   Soumadattistathaiva   ca.



bhavan   Bhishmas    ca    Karnas   ca    =    yourself,    Pithamaha   Bishma,    and    karna;

samitijnjayah   Krupah    ca    =     great    victorious    in    battle,    Kripa    and;

Asvathama   Vikarnah   ca   =    Aswathama    and     Vikarna;

tatha    eva   Soumadattih   ca   =    as   well    as    Saumadatti    son   of   King   Somadatta   too    present    here. 



Because of guilty consciousness, Duryadhana,  in utter confused mind, regained his mental balance, and understood that his address to Acharya Drona as ' Dvijottama '  is wrong. He found the term  used is not respectful. The silence observed from the ACHARYA  DRONA confirmed his…

Gita : Ch-1. Slo-7.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-1. ( Arjuna-vishadha-yogam )


Slokam-7. ( O best of the twice born brahmanas, please note those who are especially qualified amongst us to lead my army, for your information I am naming them. )



Asmakam    tu   visishta    ye    tan    nibhodha   dvijottama,


Nayaka   mama   sainyasya    Samjnartham   tan    brveemi    te.




Asmakam    =    Let, for us,

Mama   sainyasya    =    In my army,

Ye   nayakah    =    All those  chiefs,

Visishta,   tan    =     exemplary, of  them,

Samjnartham    te    brveemi     =     To let you know I  am talking,

Vijottama!   tan   nibhodha     =     Hey holy brapmana,  hear me about them.  


Here in this slokam,  Duryodhana addresses Dronacharya, "Dvijottama"  ( Holy Brapmana), and introduces the senior chiefs of his army to him.


Some blow whistle while walking in darkness to discard fear. So Duryodhana because of guilty conscious, lost his mental stability. Looking at strength of great warriors on the enemy   formatio…

Gita : Ch-1. Slo-4,5,6.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-1. ( Arjuna-vishadha-yogam )



Sloka-s -4,5,6.

{ Slokam-s  4,5,6 give  a   detailed table  of  all important personals of Pandava army. All are 'Maharathan'. In the ancient Bharatham, Maharathan, is one who is the head of a part  of army in which 11000, soldiers were under him.


Bhima and Arjuna in this order very strong and great warriors.Here the Maharathans are are best and equal in everything to Bhima and Arjuna. This is the opinion of Duryodhanan. That is, though in numbers they are smaller to Kouravas army, they are above than Kouravas, because of their efficiency. }




(4)

atra    sura    maheshvasah     bhimarjuna    samayudhi,



yuyudhano    viratasca     drupadasca    maharathah.



(5)


dhrshtaketuscekitanah          viryavan,



purujit    kuntibhojasca    saibyasca    narapungavah.



(6)


yudhamanyusca    vikrantah    uttamaujasca    viryavan,



saubhadro    draupadeyasca    sarva    eva    maharathah.



(4)

atra    maheshvasah   =   there    (  in   th…

Gita: Ch-1. Slo-3.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-1. ( Arjuna-vishadha-yogam )


Slokam -3. ( O my teacher, behold the great army of the sons of Pandu, so expertly arranged by your intelligent disciple, the son of Drupada.:





pasyaitam    pandu-putranam    acarya    mahatim    camum,



vyudham    drupada-putrena    tava     sishyena     dhimata.




acarya!   =   hey Acarya! ( Master ),

dhimata   tava   sishyena    =    your disciple,

Drupada-putrena    =    Dhrashtadyuman son of king Drupatan,

vyuddam    =   has done the formation of,

Pandu-putranam    =    Pandavas,

etam   mahatim   camum   pasya    =    great army, please see.




Duryodhanan  shows the Pandava army to Dronacharya! What a fool! We can hear his grumbling still. His own intentions and wrong doings made this unnecessary war, which made him restless and worried, about the final result before the start itself.



Duryodhana, a great diplomat, wanted to point out the defects of Dronacharya, the great brahmana commander-in-chief. Dronacharya had some polit…

Gita : Ch-1. Slo-2.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-1 ( Arjuna-vishadha-yogam )


Slokam-2. (  Having seen the armies of the Pandavas arrayed in military formation ready for battle, King Duryodhana approaches his preceptor Drona and spoke the following words )



{ After one slokam [ Slokam-1.] the blind king Dratarashtra's question ends. Hereafter we never hear him in Bhagavad-Gita. Sanjayan narrates the war details in the following seven hundreds slokams :  answer to the  question of the king.



Dratarashtra is aware well of the unlawful treatments shown by his sons kouravas against his brother Pandu's sons. Though the kourava army is larger and stronger than Pandavas, The king doubts about the final result of the war. He has no peace of mind due to earlier adharmas done by his sons towards Pandavas. Hence he asks Sanjaya to provide the war details. Sanjaya has acquired  a Super natural power (  blessed by Guru Vyasa maharishi ) to visualise the war actions from anywhere. }




Sanjaya uvaca :


Drashtva   …

Gita : Ch-1. Slo-1.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-1 : (Arjuna-vishadha-yogam)


Slokam-1. ( Dhrtarashtra said : O Sanjaya what did my sons desirous  of battle and the sons of Pandu do after assembling at the holy land of 'Daharma' ( righteousness)  -"Kurukshetra." )




Dhrtarashtra    uvaca :


Dharmakshatre    Kurukshatre   samaveta     yuyutsvah,


mamakah     pandavascava    kimakurvata    sanjaya.




Dhrtarashtra    asked :


Dharmakshatre    Kurukshatre   =   the   land   of    Dharma ( righteousness),  in    the   Kurukshetra;

yuyutsvah   samavetah   =   assembled   with   great   joy   for  the  battle;

mamakah   pandavah    ca   eve   =   my   people   (  kauravas  )   and    pandavas;

sanjayah   kim   akurvata   =   hey   sanjaya   what   they   do?



To properly illustrate the consistency in the conversation between Lord Krishna and Arjuna on the battlefield, Krishna Dvaipayana Vyasa has quoted the first 27 slokams in chapter one beginning dharma-kshetra kuru- kshetra refering to Kurukshetr…