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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-33.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-33. (  Of letters I am the letter A, and among compounds I am the dual word. I am also inexhaustible time, and  I am ONE, whose manifold faces turn everywhere. )

aksharanamakarosmi  dvandvah  samasikasya  ca,

ahamevakshayah  kalah  dhataham  visvatomukhah.

aksharanam  akarh  =  of  letters  the  first  letter "A-karam"  ( A);

samasikasya  dvandvah   ca  asmi  =  of  two  things  of  equal  importance  and  easily  united  directly  ( compounds )  I  am  the Duel;

akshayah  kalah  aham  eva  =  I  am  the  Eternal  Time;

visvatomukhah  =  of  having  many  faces ( one  in  many  but   different  in  all );

dhata  aham  =  Dhata : ( Paramatma  the  sustainer the  vasanas   which  decide  the  individual's external world response ),  I  am.

Of letters of the alphabet, Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the letter A for it representing all speech is the foremost.

The Vedic scriptures …

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-32.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-32. (  Of all creations I am the beginning and the end and also the middle, O Arjuna. Of all sciences I am the spiritual science of the Self, and among logicians I am the conclusive truth.)

sarganamadirantasca  madhyam   caivahamarjuna,

adhyatmavidya  vidyanam  vadah   pravadatamaham.

Arjuna  =  hey  Arjuna;

sarganam  adih  madhyam  =  in  creations  Beginning  and  Middle  and;

antah  ca  aham  eva  =  End  too  I  am;

vidyanam  adhyatmavidya  =  of  all  learnings/educations, Spiritual  learning/education  and;

pravadatam  =  of  those  people's debating / arguing;

 vadah  aham  =  Debates/Arguments,  I am  only.

Lord Krishna uses the word sarganam meaning of all created things.

Things that are created are creations.

Starting with the ether in the sky, then air, then fire, then water, then earth.

Of all these things which in different combinations comprise completely all material existence,

Lord Krishna is their begin…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-31.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-31. (  Of purifiers I am the wind; of the wielders of weapons I am Rama; of fishes I am the shark, and of flowing rivers I am the Ganges.)

pavanah  pavatamasmi  ramah  sastrabhrtamaham,

jhashanam  makarascasmi  srotasamasmi  jahnavi.

 pavatam  pavanah  =  of all that purifies, the  wind;

sastrabhrtam  ramah  =  of the carriers of weapons, Sri Raman;

jhashanam  makarah  =  among  the  fish, Makara-Matsyam  ( Shark-Fish);

srotasam  jahnavi  ca  =  among  rivers,  Ganges  ( river Ganga );        

aham  asmi  =  ( all  the  above  are )  I  am.

Of all the fish the shark is one of the biggest and is certainly the most dangerous to man.

Thus the shark represents Krishna.

And of rivers, the greatest in India is the Mother Ganges.

Lord Ramacandra, of the Ramayanam, an incarnation of Maha Vishnu, is the mightiest of warriors.

Among purifiers Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the swift moving wind.


Gita : Ch-10. Slo-30.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-30. ( Sri Krishna  : Among the Daitya demons ( Asura-s )  I am the devoted Prahlada; among subduers I am time; among the beasts I am the lion, and among birds I am Garuda, the feathered carrier of Vishnu. )

prahladacasmi  daityanam  kalah  kalayatam  aham,

mrganam  ca  mrgendroham  vainateyasca  pakshinam.

daityanam   prahladah  =  among  daityas  Prahladan  and;

kalayatam  kalah  =  among  measurements,  in  the  counting  way,  the  Time  and;

mrganam   mrgendrah  =  among  animals  Lion  and;

pakshinam  vainateyah  ca  =  among  birds, Garudan;

aham  asmi  =  ( all  mentioned  above  are )  I  am.

Diti and Aditi are two sisters.

The sons of Aditi are called Adityas, and the sons of Diti are called Daityas.

All the Adityas are devotees of the Lord, and all the Daityas are atheistic.

Although Prahlada was born in the family of the Daityas, he was a great devotee from his childhood.

Because of his devotional service and god…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-29.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-29. ( Lord further said : Of the celestial Naga snakes I am Ananta; of the aquatic deities I am Varuna. Of departed ancestors I am Aryama, and among the dispensers of law I am Yama, lord of death. )

anantascasmi  naganam  varuno  yadasamaham,

pitrnamaryama  casmi  yamah  samyamatamaham.

naganam  anantah  =  among  non-poisonous  snakes  Ananta  and;

yadasam  =  of  all  jala-devata-s  ( aquatic-deities );

varunah  aham  asmi  =    I  am  Varuna-devan  ( Lord  of  Rain,  Lord of water  sources,  Lord  of  Ocean) ;

pitrnam  aryama  =   of  the ancestors,  I  am  Aryama;

samyamatam  =  of   the  law,  (  punishing  authority ),   the  authority;

yamah  ca  aham  asmi  =  I  am  the  Yama  (  Lord of  Death / Punishment ).

Among non-poisonous serpents of many heads Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the divine snake Ananta endowed with the qualities of dispassion, mightiness, etc.

Among the control…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-28.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )


ayudhanamaham  vajram  dhenunamasmi  kamadhuk,

prajanascasmi  kandarpah  sarpanamasmi  vasukih.

aham  ayudhanam  vajram  ( asmi )  =  of  all  weapons  I am  Vajram  ( Weapon of Devendran );

dhenunam  kamadhuk  asmi  =  of  cows  I  am  Kamadenu;

prajnah  =  the  cause  of  origin  of  all  generations  ( begetting  children /reproduction );

kandarpah  asmi  =  I  am  the  Kamadevan  ( deva / demigod  for  generating  desire  for  reproduction );

sarpanam  vasukih  ca  asmi  =  of  all  poisonous  snaked   I  am  Vasuki.

Of weapons Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the vajram or thunderbolt.

Of the blessed cows, Lord Krishna's vibhuti is the kamadhuk the wish fulfilling cows known as Surabhi which yields all desired wishes.

Lord Krishna is kandarpa or the procreation potency for begetting progeny.

But whatever passion be it great or small that is not used for progeny but instead is us…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-27.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-27. (  Lord  : "Of horses know Me to be Uccaihsrava, who rose out of the ocean, born of the elixir of immortality; of lordly elephants I am Airavata, and among men I am the monarch." )

uccaihsravasamasvanam  viddhi  mam  amrtodbhavam,

airavatam  gajendranam  naramam  ca  naradhipam.

asvanam  amrtodbhavam  =  of  all  horses,  ( during  Palazhi-madanam,  to  get  Amrtam,  the  horse  came  out  among  many  things );

uccaihsravasam  =  the  great  horse  namely  "Uccaihsravasam";

gajendranam   airavatam  =  of  all  elephants,  "Airavatam ";

naramam   naradhipam  ca  =  of  all  humanbeings  as  "King";

mam  viddhi  =  know  Me  ( as told  above ).

You may be knowing the from  Puranas  "Palazhi-madhanam"  ( Churning  of  Ocean Palazhi );

in which both Deva  and  Asura  have  taken  part,

two things  came  out : -

1. horse Uccaihsrava ( the flying  horse ),  and 2. elephant Ai…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-26.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-26.( Lord Krishna adds : "Of all trees I am the holy fig tree, and amongst sages and demigods I am Narada. Of the singers of the gods [Gandharvas] I am Citraratha, and among perfected beings I am the sage Kapila.")

asvatthah  sarvavrkshanam  devarshinam  ca  naradah,

gandharvanam  citrarathah  siddhanam  kapilo munih.

sarvavrkshanam  asvatthah  =  of  all  trees,  the  Banyan /Fig tree;

devarshinam  naradah  =  of  all  sages  amongst  demigods, Narada;

gandharvanam  citrarathah  =  of  all  Gandarva-s,  Citraratha;

siddhanam  kapilo munih  ca  =  of  all  well  perfect  persons, Kapila muni  too  Me.

Lord Krishna states the word siddhanam meaning of perfected beings, His vibhuti is Kapila the son of Devahuti.

The name Kapila is very interesting.

Ka means of wonderful form, pi means to nuture and la means to absorb the worlds.

The words priti or love, sukham or pleasure and ananda or bliss are corresponding words…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-25.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-25. ( Lord  tells  further  :  Of the great sages I am Bhrgu; of vibrations I am the transcendental om. Of sacrifices I am the chanting of the holy names [japa], and of immovable things I am the Himalayas.)

maharshinam  bhrguraham  giramasmyekamaksharam,

yajnanam  japayajnosmi  sthavaranam  himalayah.

maharshinam  bhrgu  aham  =  I  am  Bhrgu  among  the  great  Mahrishi-s  ( Sages );

giram  =  of  words;

ekam  aksharam  asmi  =  I  am  the  [ single (one and only) letter ] OMnkaram;

yajnanam  japayajnah  =  of  all  yajna-s  japayajnam  and;

sthavaranam  himalayah  =  of  all  static  things  ( immovable  things )  himalayam  ( mountain )  too;

( aham )  asmi  =  I  am.

 Lord Krishna reveals that of the holy sages His vibhuti is Bhrigu.

The word giram means articulate sound vibrations of these Lord Krishna's vibhuti is the all powerful monosyllable OM.

Of all yagna or propitiation and worship to the Supreme Lord, the b…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-24.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-24. ( Lord Krishna : Of priests, O Arjuna, know Me to be the chief, Bṛhaspati, the lord of devotion. Of generals I am Skanda, the lord of war; and of bodies of water I am the ocean.)

purodhasam   ca   mukhyam   mam  viddhi   partha  brhaspatim,

senaninamaham   skandah  sarasamasmi   sagarah.

partha  mam  =  hey  Arjuna,  Me;

purodhasam  mukhyam  =  the  chief  of  all  priests;

brhaspatim  viddhi  =  know  ( Me )  the  Brahaspathi;

senanini  nam  aham  skandah  =  of  all  commanders  ( Generals ),  I  am   Subramanian  ( Kartikeyan );

sarasam  sagarah  asmi   =  of all   Jalasayas  (reservoirs of water )  I  am  the  Ocean.

Indra is the chief demigod of the heavenly planets and is known as the king of the heavens.

The planet in which he reigns is called Indraloka.

Brhaspati is Indra's priest, and since Indra is the chief of all kings, Brhaspati is the chief of all priests.

And as Indra is the chief of all kings, simila…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-23.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam- 23. ( Of all the Rudras I am Lord Siva; of the Yakshas and Rakshasas I am the lord of wealth [Kubera]; of the Vasus I am fire [Agni], and of the mountains I am Meru.)

rudranam   sankarascasmi   vitteso   yaksharakshasam,

vasunam  pavakascasmi  meruh   sikharinamaham.

rudranam   sankarah  ca  asmi  =  I  am  Lord  Siva  of  all  Rudras;

yaksha  rakshasam  =  of  the  Yakshas  and  Rakshasas;

vittesah  ( aham )  =  I  am  the  Kuberan  ( Lord  of  the  wealth and  treasure );

vasunam  pavakah  ca  asmi  =  I  am  the  Agni  ( Lord  of  fire ) of  Vasus;

sikharinam  meruh  aham  =  I  am  the  Meru  of  all  the  mountains.

There are eleven Rudras, of whom Sankara, Lord Siva, is predominant.

He is the incarnation of the Supreme Lord in charge of the modes of ignorance in the universe.

 Among the demigods Kubera is the chief treasurer, and he is a representation of the Supreme Lord.

Meru is a mountain famed for its rich natura…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-22.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-22. ( Of the Vedas I am the Sama-veda; of the demigods I am Indra; of the senses I am the mind, and in living beings I am the living force [knowledge].

vedanam   samavedosmi  devanamasmi  vasavah,

indriyanam  manascasmi  bhutanamasmi  cetana.

vedanam   samavedah  asmi  =  I  am   the  Samavedam  of  all  the  Veda-s;  

devanam  vasavah  asmi  =  I  am  the  Indran  of  all  Deva-s  ( demi-gods );

indriyanam  manah  ca  asmi  =  I  am  the  Mind  of  all  indriyas  ( senses );

bhutanam  cetana  asmi  =  I  am  the  life /life-spark / Spirit  ( Jiva/Atma/ Consciousness / Knowledge )  of  all  living  entities.

The difference between matter and spirit is that matter has no consciousness like the living entity; therefore this consciousness is supreme and eternal. Consciousness cannot be produced by a combination of matter.

Here Lord Krishna reveals His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence as the SamaVeda, the chief of al…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-21.

From this slokam till the end of the chapter : - all  very important, study carefylly, to remember all  vibhuti-s, several repetitions of reading is necessary....

 Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-21.  ( Of the Adityas I am Vishnu, of lights I am the radiant sun, I am Marici of the Maruts, and among the stars I am the moon.)

"Commencing with this slokam until the conclusion of this chapter Lord Krishna reveals His prominent vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence."

adityanamahamvishnuh  jyotisham  raviramsuman,

maricirmarutamasmi  nakshatranamaham   sasi.

adityanam   vishnuh  aham  =  of  the  Adityas  I  am  the  Vishnu;

jyotisham  =  of  all  luminaries;

amsuman  ravih  =  I  am  the  shining  bright  Sun;

marutam   maricih  asmi  =  of  the  marutthu-s  I  am  the  Marici;

nakshatranam  sasi  aham  =  of  the  stars  ( …

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-20.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-20. ( I am the Self, O Guḍakesa, seated in the hearts of all creatures. I am the beginning, the middle and the end of all beings.)

ahamatma   gudakesa  sarvabhutasayasthitah,

ahamadisca  madhyam  ca  bhutanamanta  eva  ca.

gudakesa  =  hey  Arjuna

sarva  bhutasaya  sthitah  =  situated  within  all living entities;

atma  aham  =  I  am  the  Atma;

bhutanam  adi  ca   madhyam  ca  =  the  beginning  ( the  origin ),  and  the  middle;

antah  ca   aham  eva  =  and  the  end  Me  only.

In this slokam Arjuna is addressed as Gudakesa, which means one who has conquered the darkness of sleep.

For those who are sleeping in the darkness of ignorance, it is not possible to understand how the Supreme Godhead manifests Himself in the material and spiritual worlds.

Thus this address by Krishna to Arjuna is significant. Because Arjuna is above such darkness, the Personality of Godhead agrees to describe His various opulences.

Krishna fi…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-19.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-19. (  The Blessed Lord said: Yes, I will tell you of My splendorous manifestations, but only of those which are prominent, O Arjuna, for My opulence is limitless.)

Sri-bhagavan uvaca

hanta te kathayisyami  divya hyatmavibhutayah,

pradhanyatah kurusreshtta  nastyanto vistarasya me.

Sri-bhagavan uvaca  =  Bhagvan  said;

hante  kurusreshtta  =  yes  kurusreshtta  ( best  among  kuru  vamsam Arjuna );

divyah  atmavibhutayah  =  divine  in  ( my )  atma - vibhuthi-s  ( personal opulences);

pradhanyatah  =  prime,  first, very  important ( principally);

te kathayisyami  =  I  shal  speak  to  you;

hi  me  =  why  because,  My  vibhuthi-s;

vistarasya  =  ( if )  ( I )  start  to  explain  in  detail;

antah  na  asti  =  ( there  will  be  )  no  end  at  all.

The word Lord Krishna uses to describe His atma-vibhutayah or His personal divine transcendental opulence is pradhanyatah which means prominent, the most exalted of His ma…

Gita : ch-10. Slo-18.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10.( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-18. ( Arjuna : Tell me again in detail, O  Krishna, of Your mighty potencies and glories, for I never tire of hearing Your ambrosial words.)

vistarenatmano  yogam   vibhutim   ca   janardana,

bhuyah   kathaya   trptirhi   srnvato  nasti   memrtam.

janardana  =  hey  Krishna!

atmanah  yogam   vibhutim   ca  =  your  yogam  and  Vibhthim ( mystic power  and  opulences);

vistarena  bhuyah   kathaya  =  explain  me  more  about  in  detail;

hi  =  why  because;

amrtam  srnvatah  =  hearing  your  amrtavani;

me  trptiah  na  asti  =  yet  I  am  not  satisfied  still.

Previously in slokam  eight Lord Krishna revealed that He is the Supreme Absolute Truth, the Ultimate Reality and the cause and origin of all.

Now He is being requested to elaborate in more detail and supply further facts about His vibhuti or Supreme transcendental opulence and His Supreme yoga being the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion wi…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-17.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-17. ( Arjuna's doubt : How should I meditate on You? In what various forms are You to be contemplated, O Blessed Lord? )

katham  vidyamaham yogin  tvam  sada  paricintayan,

keshu  keshu  ca  bhaveshu  cintyosi  bhagavan  maya.

 yogin  -  hey  yogesvara  ( addressing Lord );

aham  katha  sada  =  I  in  which  way  ( path )  ever  ( always );

paricintayan  tvam  vidyam  =  by  meditation I  know you;

bhagavan  = O, Lord;

keshu  keshu  ca  bhaveshu  =  in  which,  in  which,  bhava (  nature);

maya  cintyah  asi  =  I  have  to  meditate  upon  you?

As it is stated in the previous chapter, the Supreme Personality of Godhead is covered by His yoga-maya.

Only surrendered souls and devotees can see Him.

Now Arjuna is convinced that His friend, Krishna, is the Supreme Godhead, but he wants to know the general process by which the all-pervading Lord can be understood by the common man.

No common man, including the demons and a…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-16.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Slokam-16. ( Arjuna requests :"Please tell me in detail of Your divine powers by which You pervade all these worlds and abide in them". )

vaktumarhasyaseshena   divya  hyatmavibhutayah,

yabhirvibhutibhirlokan  imamstvam  vyapya  tishthasi.

hi  =  therefore;

yabhih  bibhuthih  =  what  all  vibhuthi-s;

iman  lokan  vyapya  =  this  world  is  filled  with;

tvam  tishtathi  =  your  presence  is  situated;

divyah  atmavibhutayah  =  ( those )  divine  atma-vibhithi-s;

aseshena  vyaktum   =  to  tell  (  me  ) completely;

tvam  arhasi  =  possible  to  you  only, please  explain  to  me  in  detail.

The word vibhutayah means transcendental opulence denoting vivida bhutayah or Lord Krishna's multitudinous manifestations in many wonderful and phenomenal forms.

Whatever glories and wondrous phenomenal activities that manifest and exist as a result of the Supreme Lord Krishna; only He and He alone is able to describe and elaborate upon them a…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-15.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-15 : ( Indeed, You alone know Yourself by Your own potencies, O origin of all, Lord of all beings, God of gods, O Supreme Person, Lord of the universe!  )

svayamevatmanatmanam   vettha   tvam   purushottama,

bhutabhavana   bhutesa   devadeva   jagatpate.

bhavana  bhutesa  =  the  cause  of  the  origin  and  Lord  of  all  living  and  non-living  entities;

deva-deva  jagat-pate  =  Lord  of  all  deva-s  ( demigods ),  and  Lord  of  the  entire  universe;

purushottama  =  hey,  greatest  of  all  Purusha-s;

tvam  svayam  evam  =  you  only  know  yourself,  that  too;

atmana  atmanam  vettha  =  by Own Self,  without  any  external request ( connection ).

Lord Krishna is being addressed here as Purusottama meaning the Supreme Personality and it is being confirmed that only He can be cognisant of His own Self by His own knowledge and none other.

The words bhuta-bhavana means universal father denoting the progenitor of all…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-14.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-14 . ( Arjuna continued : O Krishna, I totally accept as truth all that You have told me. Neither the gods nor demons, O Lord, know Thy personality.)

sarvametadrtam  manye  yanmam  vadasi  kesava,

na  hi  te bhagavan  vyaktim  vidur deva  na danavah.

kesava,  mam  =  hey  Krishna, unto  me;

yat  vadasi  etat  sarvam  =  what  you  said  all;

rtam  manye  =  I  believe  is  Truth;

bhagavan,  te  vyaktim  =  O Lord,  your  real  svarupam ( revelation );

devah  na  viduh  =  either  deva-s  or  asura-s;

danavah  na  hi  =  nobody  knows.

Now Arjuna confesses that the ignorance he had concerning Lord Krishna's transcendental potencies and absolute supremacy over all creation have been totally dispelled and that everything Lord Krishna has declared is absolute reality and the ultimate truth.

Even the 330 million demi-gods, who are Lord Krishna's empowered servitors administrating universal management in every aspect of m…

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.