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Gita : Ch-8. Slo-4.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam )


Slokam -4. (Physical nature is known to be endlessly mutable. The universe is the cosmic form of the Supreme Lord, and I am that Lord represented as the Supersoul, dwelling in the heart of every embodied being.)


adhibhutam    ksharo    bhavah     purushascadhidaivatam,



adhiyajnohamevatra     dehe     dehabhrtam    vara.


ksharah    bhavah   adhibhutam   =   the   nature    of   adhibhutam   ( the physical manifestation  )   constantly changing  (that is perishable );


purusha   ca   adhidaivatam   =   the   atma-chaithanyam   existing   in   nature-powers  (  universal form ),   that   is  adhidaivatam;


dehabhrtam    vara   =   in  this   body;


aham    eva   adhiyajnah   =   I   am   the   adhiyajnan   (   Supreme  Soul   /   a   part  of   Paramatma  that is   Jivatma ).


In this slokam Lord Krishna answers three questions. He confirms that adhibhuta is all perishable objects existing of the material substratum, specific transf…

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-3

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-8.


Slokam-3. ( The Supreme Lord said, The indestructible, transcendental living entity is called Brahman, and his eternal nature is called the self. Action pertaining to the development of these material bodies is called karma, or fruitive activities. )


Sri-Bhagavan uvaca :

aksharam   brahma   paramam   svabhavodhyatmam   ucyate,


bhutabhavodbhavakarah   visargah   karmasamjnitah.


Sri-Bhagavan uvaca   =   after listening Arjuna's doubts Lord replied;

paramam    aksharam    brahma   =   imperishable,  otherwise   indestructible, The   Supreme   transcendental, that is   the Truth;

svabhavah   adhyatmam    ucyate   =  Paramatma   Himself,  take  the  jiva-bhavam   in   all living enities  bodies,

 through indriya-mano-bhuddhi, becomes  Life-Principle, and  the nature  of brahmam  ( jivatma)  is  known as

adhyatmam;

bhuta-bhavodbhava-karah    =    as  the  cause   of   the  truth,  of  all  living  entities;

visargah   =    the   kriya   (  action/work …

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-2.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brhama-yogam )


Slokam-2. (How does this Lord of sacrifice live in the body, and in which part does He live, O Madhusudana? And how can those engaged in devotional service know You at the time of death?)



adhiyajnah     katham    kotra   dehesmin    madhusudana,



prayanakale   ca    katham    jneyosi    niyatatmabhih.



adhiyajnah   kah    katham    =   who    is    the  Lord   of   yjnam    and   how    acts;

ca   =   not   only   that;

prayanakale   =   at   the   time   of   death;

niyatatmabhih   =   the   self   controlled   yogi-s;

katham      jneyah   asi   =   how   ( the  yogi-s )   know   you   Lord!


The Lord of sacrifice accepts Indra and Vishnu. Vishnu is the chief of the primal demigods, including Brahma and Siva, and Indra is the chief of the administrative demigods. Both Indra and Vishnu are worshiped by yajna performances. But here Arjuna asks who is actually the Lord of yajna (sacrifice), and how is the Lord residing within the …

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-1.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. (Akshara-brahma-yogam )


Slokam-1. (  Arjuna inquired: O my Lord, O Supreme Person, what is Brahmam? What is the self? What are fruitive activities? What is this material manifestation? And what are the demigods? Please explain this to me. )



arjuna uvaca :



kim    tad   brahma   kim   adhyatmam    kim    karma   purushottama,



adhibhutam   ca   kim    proktam   adhidaivam    kim    ucyate.



arjuna uvaca :  =  Arjuna inquired;

purushottama   =    O, Lord;

proktam   tat     brahma   kim   =    What   is   the    so   called   brahmam;

adhyatmam    kim   =   What   is    adhyatmam;

karma   kim   =   What   is  karmam;

adhibhutam   kim   =   What   is   adhibhutam;

kim   adhidaivam   ucyate   =   What   is   adhidaivam.



In this chapter Lord Krishna answers these different questions of Arjuna beginning with, "What is Brahman?"

The Lord also explains karma, fruitive activities, devotional service and yoga principles, and devotional service in its pur…

Gita : Ch-8. Introduction.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. (Akshara-brahma-yogam )

Introduction


In the seventh chapter Lord Krishna discoursed on the nature of Parabrahma the Supreme Being, Vasudeva the Supreme cause of all causes, the object of worship being: 1) The spiritual sovereignty of all living entities, sentient and the insentient. 2) The source and cause of all there is. 3) The support and preservation of everything 4) The ultimate reference of all language used as an expression of ideas which normally relate either to the Supreme Lord's rupa which is His form, or His guna which are His qualities. The ultimate reference being the Supreme Lord Himself of whom all beings in existence are His transcendental rupa and all things existing arise from His transcendental gunas. 5) Isvara Parama or the Supreme Controller 6) The most exalted and glorious by the possession of omniscience, omnipresence, and omnipotence, and by the possession of all power, all beauty, all knowledge, all opulence, all fame an…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-30.

Srimad   Bhagavadgeeta :


Chapter-7. ( Jnana-vijnana-yogam )


Slokam-30. ( Those who know Me as the Supreme Lord, as the governing principle of the material manifestation, who know Me as the one underlying all the demigods and as the one sustaining all sacrifices, can, with steadfast mind, understand and know Me even at the time of death.)


sadhibhutadhidaivam     mam    sadhiyajnam    ca    ye    viduh,


prayanakalepi     ca    mam    te    viduryuktacetasah.


sadhibhutadhidaivam   =     the governing principle of the material manifestation  and   underlying all the demigods;

sadhiyajnam   ca   =   sustaining all sacrifices;

mam   ye   viduh   =   one   who   knows/understands   Me;

yuktacetasah   te   =   those    balanced   minded   persons ( they   with   steadfast   mind );

prayanakale  api   ca   =   even   at   the   time   of   death   too;

mam   vidhuh   =   knows   Me.


NOTE :

{ sadhibhutan  =  taken   the    bhavam   adhibhutam,

and   adhibhutam   =   the bhutam : that is, in  t…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-29.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-7. ( Jnana-vijnana-yogam )


Slokam-29. (  Intelligent persons who are endeavoring for liberation from old age and death take refuge in Me in devotional service. They are actually Brahman because they entirely know everything about transcendental and fruitive activities.)


jaramaranamokshaya  mamasritya  yatanti  ye,



te  brahma   tadviduh  krtsnam  adhyatmam  karma  cakhilam.



ye   jara-marana-mokshaya   =    for the purpose of  liberation  from   old  age  and  death,   who,

 mam   asritya     yatanti   =    completely   surrender,  depending    on   Me,  and    work   hard   (  endeavor );

te    tat   brahma   =   such   persons   actually   that   Brahmam    too;

krtsnam    adhyatmam   =   all,  ( everything )    transcendental;

akhilam    karma    ca   viduh   =   also   they   know    complete   ( entire )  karmam.



Birth, death, old age and diseases affect this material body, but not the spiritual body.

There is no birth, death, old age and disease fo…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-28.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-vijnana-yogam )

Slokam-28. ( Persons who have acted piously in previous lives and in this life, whose sinful actions are completely eradicated and who are freed from the duality of delusion, engage themselves in My service with determination.)


yesham   tvantagatam    papam   jananam     punyakarmanam,


te   dvandvamohanirmuktah   bhajante   mam    drddhavratah.


tu   =   but;

punyakarmanam   =   due   to   punya ( pious )    karmamanam   ( past   actions ),  the   result;

yesham   jananam   =   whose    of   the   persons;

papam   antagatam   =   sin   completely    eradicated;

te   dvandvamohanirmuktah   =   they   (are )   free   from   the   delusion   duality   ( joy   and   sorrow );

drddhavratah   mam    bhajante   =   with    determination    worship   Me.


Those eligible for elevation to the transcendental position are mentioned in this slokam. For those who are sinful, atheistic, foolish and deceitful, it is very difficult to transcend …

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-27.

Srimad Bhagavadgeeta :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-Vijnana-yogam )

Slokam- 27. ( O scion of Bharata [Arjuna], O conquerer of the foe, all living entities are born into delusion, overcome by the dualities of desire and hate.)


icchadveshasamutthena    dvandvamohena    bharata,

sarvabhutani    sammoham    sargge    yanti    parantapa.


parantapa!     bharata!   =   O conqueror    of   the  enemy,  and   Bharatha  vamsajan  Arjuna!

sargge   =   by   birth   ( creation  )  itself;

iccha-dvesha-samutthena   =  born   ( rising   above   )   from   desire   and hatred;

dvandva-mohena   =   in  the   duality   of   joy   and   sorrow   surprised;

sarva-bhutani    =   all    entities;

sammoham    yanti   =   become    ( fall   into   delusion )   fools,  lose   discrimination    and    become   idiots.


The real constitutional position of the living entity is that of subordination to the Supreme Lord, who is pure knowledge. When one is deluded into separation from this pure knowledge, he becomes controll…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-26.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-vijnana-yogam )

Slokam-26- ( O Arjuna, as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, I know everything that has happened in the past, all that is happening in the present, and all things that are yet to come. I also know all living entities; but Me no one knows.)


vedaham     samatitani    vartamanani    carjuna,


bhavishyani    ca    bhutani    mam   tu   veda   na   kascana.


Arjuna!   samatitani   =   hey    Arjuna!    equally     past;

vartamanani   ca   =   and   the   present;

bhavishyani    ca    bhutani    =   and    also    all   future    living   entities;

aham    veda   =  I   know;

mam   tu   kascana   na    veda   =   but   no   one   knows    Me.


Lord Krishna emphasises by the words mam tu veda na kascam which means that no one is able to know Him and because He is the controller of all, anywhere that He is not veiled is only by His express directive for His veiling is not for His devotees but for those who are in the clutches of maya or…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-25.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-7. ( Jnana-vijnana-yogam )


Slokam-25. (  I am never manifest to the foolish and unintelligent. For them I am covered by My eternal creative potency [yoga-maya]; and so the deluded world knows Me not, who am unborn and infallible. )



naham    prakasah    sarvasya    yogamaya    samavrtah,


muddhoyam    nabhijanati    loko    mamajamavyayam.


yogamaya    samavrtah   =   hidden   in   yoga-maya    ( in    satva-rajas-tamo-gunas );

aham   sarvasya    na   prakasah   =   nobody   could    see   Me;

muddhah   ayam    lokah   =   this   foolish   world   (   foolish  people );

ajam   avyayam   =   Me   as  without   birth   and    inexhaustible;

mam   na   abhijanati    =   do   not   know   (  understand )   Me.


Now Lord Krishna explains the cause of their ignorance about Himself. It is because He only manifests Himself in and through the consciousness of His devotees exclusively and not to others. For others He is imperceptibly veiled by His mysterious and intr…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-24.2.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-vijana-yogam )

Slokam-24. ( 2 ) Another way of vyakyanam )



Avyaktam vyaktimapannam mamabhuddhyah,


Param bhavamajanantho mamavyamanutthamam.



Mama  avyayam   anutthamam    =    Mine un-perishable Supreme-status,

Param   bhavam    =   Above all  Supreme svaroopa ( form ),

Ajanandah  abhuddhayah   =   Not knowing ignorant (people),

Avyaktam   mam     =    Me, who is Above all indriya, mind and intelligence ( subjects ),

Vyaktam  apannam     =   Taken the human form ( as Sagunamurthi ),

Manyate    =  Assume so.



“The fools who do not know my imperishable, Supreme Parabrahmabhavam (Infinite), think that I (the one who is over and above all indriyas ) have taken human form!”


Nobody (ignorant) do not see, feel or understand this diverse (with many names and forms), Prapancham (world/universe/cosmic) and its source the Paramatma (only one).


Prakruthi :- Panchaboodam ( five elements) Pruthvi (Earth), Jalam(Water), Tejas(Fire), Vayu(Air), Akasam(Sky/Spac…