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Gita : Ch-11. Slo-52 & 53.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-11. ( Visvarupa-darsana-yogam)

Slokam- 52. & 53.( The  Lord said:  Arjuna, the form which you are now seeing is very difficult to behold. Even the demigods are ever seeking the opportunity to see this form which is so dear.The form which you are seeing with your transcendental eyes cannot be understood simply by studying the Vedas, nor by undergoing serious penances, nor by charity, nor by worship. It is not by these means that one can see Me as I am.)

Sri-bhagavan  uvaca

sudurdarsamidam  rupam  drshtavanasi  yanmama,

deva  apyasya  rupasya  nityam  darsanakankshinah.

naham  vedair  na  tapasa  na  danena  na  cejyya,

sakya  evamvido  drshtam  drshtavanasi  mam  yatha.

Sri-bhagavan  uvaca   =  Lord  said;

 mama  yat  rupam  drshtavan  asi,  ( tat )  idam  sudarsam   =  the  Visvarupam  you  have  seen  here  to  see  that  is  very  difficult;

devah  api  nityam  asya,  rupasya  drshtavan  asi  =  even  deva-s  to  this  (Visvarupam),  what  you  have  seen;

evam  vidah  aham  =  like  that   Visvarupam  itself;

vedaiah  drshtam  na  sakyah,  tapasa  na  danana  ijya  ca  na  =  by  the  study  of  Veda-s,  tapas, danam, yajnam,  with  all  these  no  one  can  see.

Revealing the extraordinary grace that He had bestowed on Arjuna, the Supreme Lord Krishna declares that idam-rupam His original two-armed form which is pure spiritual sat-cid-ananda or eternal existence, unlimited cognizance and endless bliss. This form is almost never seen by any of the demigods who always hanker to see it but are unable as it is extremely rare to behold. That Lord Krishna is no longer refering to the visvarupa or divine universal form is evident by the words drstavan asi which mean are presently seeing.

The original two-armed form of the Supreme Lord Krishna is very rarely seen any where in the material existence and even the demigods are always hankering for a glimpse of it; but despite immense life spans of hundreds of thousands of years they are unable to see it.

Lord Krishna explains His two-armed form is extremely difficult to behold and is very rarely seen. The demigods in the heavenly planets having heard about it are always hankering to see His visvarupa or divine universal form but it is inaccessible to them and His two-armed form they have no opportunity to witness as they are unaware of it.

Lord Krishna reveals that it is extremely difficult to see His human two- armed form and He emphasises this with the words su-durdarsam which means very rarely seen. The visvarupa or divine universal form is impossible to be seen without His grace, yet His four armed human form is so rare that the demigods are always hankering to see it even for a moment; but now Lord Krishna is revealing that His beautiful two armed human form is the rarest of all and that it is so seldom revealed the demigods never get the chance to see it.

Now Lord Krishna is answering why His two-armed human form is so rarely seen. Although millions and millions of brahmins study the Vedas every day, that in itself is not enough to qualify themselves to see His enchanting human form. Likewise neither by executing severe penance, offering extravagant donations, or performing Vedic rituals perfectly is one able to see Lord Krishna in His human forms as Arjuna has seen Him.

The same instructions that Lord Krishna declared in verse 48 about seeing His visvarupa or divine universal form apply also in being able to see His original two armed form which is pure spiritual sat-cid-ananda or eternal existence, unlimited cognizance and endless bliss.

To be continued  ....


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam- 6&7.


Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,

Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.

mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,

etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.

etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

The five great …

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.


amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;


indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,


indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;


asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;


Gita : Ch-2. Slo-56.

Srimad   Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )

Slokam-56. { One who is not disturbed in spite of the threefold miseries, who is not elated when there is happiness, and who is free from attachment, fear and anger, is called a sage of steady mind.}

Duhkheshvanudvignamanah    sukheshu     vigatasprhah,

Vitaragabhayakrodhah   sthitadhirmunirucyate.

duhkheshu  =  in   sorrows;

anudvignamanah  =   one   who  with  steady  mind ( balanced   mind, unshaken  mind, );

sukheshu  vigatasprhah  =  not  interested  in  happiness ( no desire  for happiness );

vitaragabhayakrodhah  muniah  =    free  from  attachments,  fear,  anger,  ( one  )  the muni (  Jnani  );

sthitadhirmunirucyate  =  is  called  as "Sthitah-prajnan" ( A  person   with  above   qualities ).

The Supreme Lord Krishna continuing the answer to the first question of slokam- 54 states that: He who is unperturbed, who is free from desires though amidst pleasures is not agitated even upon being put into misery because…