Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)
ya evam vetti purusham prakrtim ca gunaih saha,
sarvatha vartamanopi na sa bhuyobhijayate.
evam purusham = thus, of purushan;
gunaih saha prakrtim ca = of nature with guna-s;
yah vetti = who knows these;
sah sarvatha vartamanah api = he is with by all means situated in any manner, in spite of;
bhuyah na abhijayate = he never takes his rebirth.
Slokam-23. ( One who understands this philosophy concerning material nature, the living entity and the interaction of the modes of nature is sure to attain liberation. He will not take birth here again, regardless of his present position.)
In slokam 21 purusa referred to the jiva or the embodied being. In slokam 23 purusa refers to the Supreme Lord. Thus purusa can refer both to the Supreme and to the jiva when indicating the atma or immortal soul within. In other situations such an im…