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Gita : Ch-8. Slo-27&28.

A combined analysis :- a summation of chapter-8. with slokam-s 27 and 28.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter- 8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam )


Slokam-27 & 28. ( With these two slokam-s Lord concludes the above yogam viz.; chapter-8. )


{27. The devotees who know these two paths, O Arjuna, are never bewildered. Therefore be always fixed in devotion.}

[28. A person who accepts the path of devotional service is not bereft of the results derived from studying the Vedas, performing austere sacrifices, giving charity or pursuing philosophical and fruitive activities. At the end he reaches the supreme abode.]



27.

vedeshu   yajneshu    tapahsu    caiva


daneshu    yat    punya-phalam    pradishtam

28.

atyeti    tat    sarvamidam    viditva


yogi    param    sthanamupaiti    cadyam.





vedeshu   yajneshu   =   in the study of the Vedas,   practicing / following   yajna-s;

tapahsu   daneshu    ca   eva   =    tapo-anushtanam,   and   satpatra-dhanam,   with  the   help   of  these;

yat    punya-phalam   …

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-27.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam )


Slokam-27 (  The devotees who know these two paths, O Arjuna, are never bewildered. Therefore be always fixed in devotion.)


naite   srti   partha   janan    yogi    muhyati    kascana,


tasmat    sarveshu    kaleshu     yogayukto   bhavarjuna.



 partha   ete   srti    janan   =   arjuna!   who   knows   these  two  paths;

kascana   yogi   na   muhyati   =   one   yogi  too  never   involve   in   vyamoham;

tasmat   arjuna!   =   therefore   arjuna;

sarveshu    kaleshu   =   at   all   times;

yogayuktah   bhava   =   keep   your   cittam   in   Parmatma.


Lord Krishna declares that knowing the archi-adi the path of light which leads to moksa or liberation from material existence and the path of darkness which leads to bondage in the material existence there will never be any infatuation and delusion at the time of death for a yogi or one perfecting the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate …

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-26.

Srimad   Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam )


Slokam-26.  ( According to the Vedas, there are two ways of passing from this world—one in light and one in darkness. When one passes in light, he does not come back; but when one passes in darkness, he returns. )


suklakrishne     gati    hyete    jagatah     sasvate    mate,


ekaya    yatyanavrttim    anyayavartate     punah.



sukla    krishne   =   leads    to  'suklam'   (  illumination/light/brightness/white /knowledge )   and   'krishna'    (  
tamas/darkness/black/ignorance );

ete   gati   =   these   two  paths;

 jagatah     sasvate    mate   hi    =    established    in   the   world  over  at   all   times   present;

ekaya    anavrttim     yati   =   ( through )   one  ( path ),   without   re-birth  /  return   to  birth,   attains   moksham   (  liberation );

anyaya    punah   avartate   =   goes   through   by   other  (  path/route  ) and  again     returns   to   samsaram   (  to  this  world  ) …

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-25. Part-2.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8 ( Akshara-brapma-yogam )


Slokam-25. [ The State of Re-birth- ( Punar-avarttanam gati ? ) ]

Part-2.

dhumo   ratris   tatha   krishna   san-masa   dakshinayanam,



tatra   candramasam    jyotir    yogi   prapya   nivartate.



dhumah,  ratrih,  tatha,   krishnah;    =    smoke, night, also,  the fortnight of the dark moon;

sat-masah,    dakshina-ayanam     =     the six months,   when the sun passes on the southern side;

tatra    yogi     =      through the above path, the yogi who leaves ( discard ) his body and move on to;

candramasam,    jyotih    =     the candralokam,   the seat of  decay, ( no progress  place );

prapya,    nivartate    =    achieves    ( the above experience )   and    returns ( comes back ).



RE-BIRTH ( PUNAR-AVARTTANAM ) :


Final Summation :


Now Lord Krishna explains the path that leads to a return of rebirth in the material existence.

When one accedes to death at the times presided by the demigods identified with smoke, with night, w…

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-25. Part-1.

Very important slokam, Lord explains about Rebirth .

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8 ( Akshara-brapma-yogam )


Slokam-25. [ The State of Re-birth- ( Punar-avarttanam gati ? ) ]



dhumo   ratris   tatha   krishna   san-masa   dakshinayanam,


tatra   candramasam    jyotir    yogi   prapya   nivartate.



dhumah,  ratrih,  tatha,   krishnah;    =    smoke, night, also,  the fortnight of the dark moon;

sat-masah,    dakshina-ayanam     =     the six months,   when the sun passes on the southern side;

tatra    yogi     =      through the above path, the yogi who leaves ( discard ) his body and move on to;

candramasam,    jyotih    =     the candralokam,   the seat of  decay, ( no progress  place );

prapya,    nivartate    =    achieves    ( the above experience )   and    returns ( comes back ).  


Part-1.

RE-BIRTH ( PUNAR-AVARTTANAM ) :

The Yogi who passes away from this world during the smoke, the night, the moonlight fortnight, or in the six months when the sun passes to the south, or who rea…

Gita "Ch-8. Slokam-24. Part-2.

Very Important Slokam till slokam-28. study sincerely.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam )


Slokam-24. ( Those who know the Supreme Brahman pass away from the world during the influence of the fiery god, in the light, at an auspicious moment, during the fortnight of the moon and the six months when the sun travels in the north. )

Part-2.


agnirjyotirahah    suklah    sanmasa     uttarayanam,



tatra    prayata    gacchanti   brahma    brahmavido    janah.




agnih   jyotih    ahah    suklah   =   fire,  light,  day,  sukla-paksham;

sanmasa     uttarayanam    =   six   months    period   of   utharayanam  (  when  the  sun  passes  on  the  northern  side );

tatra    prayata    =   ( one   who )    sacrifice   their   body   leave   it   through   the   path   (   as  mentioned   in  the  above  lines );

brahma   vidah    janah   =     the   above   mentioned   persons   who   knew   the  Absolute;

brahma    gacchanti   =   attain   the   Absolute.





First Lord Krishna p…

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-24. Part-1.

Study sincerely, very important ..

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8.( Akshara-brpma-yogam )


Slokam-24 .( The state of  no rebirth, after death. )



agnirjiyotirahah   suklah    shanmasa    uttarayanam,


tatra    prayata    gacchati    brapma    brapmavidho    janah.


agnih   jiyotih   ahah   suklah    =    fire, Illumination, Day, Suklapaksham;

shanmasah    uttarayanam      =     the period of  six months of Uttarayana-kalam;

tatra    prayata     =     those who discard their bodies in the above mentioned path;

Brapmavidhah   janah    =   that brapma-jnanies; ( their Jeevatma )

Brapma    gacchati    =    attain "Brapmam"( Brahmam ) ( i.e the Jnanies jeevatma dissolve in Paramatma ) Hence no-rebirth to them.

First Part of the discussion :


Those who know the Supreme Brahman pass away from the world during the influence of the fiery god, in the light, at an auspicious moment, during the fortnight of the moon and the six months when the sun travels in the north.


When fire, light, d…

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-23.

Very important slokam : Lord talks about Death, in a brilliant  manner, study with great concentration.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam )


Slokam- 23. ( O Arjuna, I shall now explain to you the different times at which, passing away from this world, one does or does not come back. )



yatra   kale   tvanavrttim    avrttim    caiva    yoginah,


prayata    yanti    tam    kalam   vaksyami    bharatarsabha.



bharatarsabha   =   O   arjuna  best   of   the Bharatam;

yatra   kale   tu   prayata   =   which   time  (  which   way )

yoginah     anavrttim    yanti   =   yogi-s   attain   the   Supreme   abode   in which   there   is   no   rebirth;

( yatra   kale   tu   prayata    yoginah )   =   in   which   time   yogi-s    die;

avrttim    ca   eva    =   returning;

tam    kalam   vaksyami   =    that  time   (  difference   of  time  ),  I   shall   tell   you.



Lord Krishna has declared that those who realise the brahman or the spiritual substratum pervading all exist…

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-22.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam )


Slokam-22. (  The Supreme Personality of Godhead, who is greater than all, is attainable by unalloyed devotion. Although He is present in His abode, He is all-pervading, and everything is situated within Him. )


purushah    sa     parah    partha    bhaktya      labhyastvananyaya,



yasyantahsthani      bhutani     yena      sarvamidam     tatam.


Partha!   =   Arjuna!

bhutani     yasya     antahsthani    =    in    whose   within   (  butani/elements  )   all    this    material   manifestations;

yena    idam     sarvam     tatam   =   by    whom,    all    whatever    we    can   see,    distributed   ( jagat    is   enveloped    by   whom);

sa     parah    purushah   tu   =    that   Supreme   Lord;

ananyaya     bhaktya    labhya   =     can    be    achieved    by    unalloyed   devotional    service  (  unto   the  Supreme   Lord ).


In this way what was designated as aksara or indestructible is the supreme goal of the jiva…

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-21.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam)


Slokam- 21. (  That  unmanifest  is  described  as  imperishable   and  proclaimed   to  be  the  Supreme  goal;  having  reached,  never  returns  to  the  material  existence;  that  is  'My  Supreme  Abode'.    


avyaktokshara    ityuktah    tamahuh   paramam   gatim,


yam    prapya    na   nivartante    taddhama    paramam    mama.


avyaktah   =   unmanifested;

akshara   ity    uktah   =   thus   said,   infallible;

tam   =   that   which;

paramam   gatim   ahuh   =   (is)   said  to  be  the  Supreme   Goal   (  known   as  ultimate   destination );

yam   prapya   =   gaining   that   which;

na   nivartante   =   never   comes   back   (  never   returns );

tat   mama   paramam   dhama   =   that    Supreme    abode   ( is )  "Mine".  


The avyakta the unmanifest and aksara the indestructible is the resplendent Supreme Lord, Krishna Himself, upon whom attaining there is no more returning to samsara the perp…

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-20.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam )


Slokam- 20. (  Yet there is another nature, which is eternal and is transcendental to this manifested and unmanifested matter. It is supreme and is never annihilated. When all in this world is annihilated, that part remains as it is.)



parastasmatu     bhavonyah     avyaktovyaktat     sanatanah,


yah    sa     sarveshu     bhuteshu      nasyatsu     na     vinasyati.


tu   =   but;

tasmat   avyaktat    anyah    =    from   that   unmanifest    another;

parah    sanatanah   =    transcendental;   and   eternal;

yah    avyaktah    bhavah    =   that,   unmanifest   nature;

sa     sarveshu     bhuteshu      nasyatsu   =   that    even    when    all   the   manifestations   being    annihilated;

na    vinasyati   =   never   annihilated.


The ultimate substance of the form of the atma is completely distinct from prakriti or the material substrtatum pervading existence and is without birth and death.
Thus it better then even the Cosm…

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-19.

Lord on Garuda

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam )

Slokam- 19. (  Again and again the day comes, and this host of beings is active; and again the night falls, hey arjuna!, and they are helplessly dissolved.)


bhutagramah    sa     evayam    bhutva    bhutva    praliyate,


ratryagamevasah    partha     prabhavatyaharagame.


partha   =   hey   arjuna!

sah   ayam   bhutagramah   eva   =   the   same   living   entities   only;

avasah   bhutva    bhutva   =   again   again   take   birth   with    depending   on  (  without   freedom );

ratryagame     praliyate   =   when    night   begins   dissolve  (  layanam );

aharagame     prabhavaty   =   and   when   day   begins   again   take   birth.


Those who understand the succession of Brahma's day and night as established by the Supreme Lord Krishna applicable for all created beings from human up to the highest material being know that the duration of Brahma's day is 4 billion 320 million years and an equal dura…

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-18.

Very  Important Slokam, study well, with  concentration....

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8 .( Akshara-brahma-yogam )


Slokam-18. ( When Brahma's day is manifest, this multitude of living entities comes into being, and at the arrival of Brahma's night they are all annihilated.)




avyaktat    vyaktayah    sarvah    prabhavantyaharagame,



ratryagame    praliyante    tatraiavyaktasamjnake.




aharagame   =   when   brahma's   day   begins;

avyaktat   =   from   the    avyaktam   (   unmanifest );

sarvah    vyaktayah    prabhavanty    =   all   living   entities ( sarva-characaram-s ),  come   into   being;


ratryagame   =   when   brahma's   night   begins;

avyaktasamjnake   =   of   the   name   avyaktam   ( unmanifest );

tatra   eva   =   in   itself   (  in  the  avyaktam   itself );

praliyante   =   annihilated   (   layanam   into  it  /  united).



Thus Lord Krishna previously described that created beings from the highest material planet Maharloka of Brahma down to the l…

Gita : Ch-8. Slo-17.

Very Important slokam, sudy carefully...

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam)


Slokam-17.( By human calculation, a thousand ages taken together is the duration of Brahma's one day. And such also is the duration of his night. )




sahasrayugaparyantam    aharyadbrahmano    viduh,



ratrim    yugasahasrantam     tehoratravido     janah.



brahmanah   =   of   brahma;

sahasrayugaparyantam   yat   ahah    =    of    day   which   is   a   total   of   one   thousand    yugam-s;

yugasahasrantam    ratrim   =   and   the  night   of   one   thousand   yugam-s;

( ye )   janah  viduh   =   who   ever   knows;

te   ahoratraviduh   =    they  knew  the   calculation   of  ahoratram  (  day   and   night ).



The duration of the material universe is limited.

It is manifested in cycles of kalpas.

A kalpa is a day of Brahma, and one day of Brahma consists of a thousand cycles of four yugas or ages: Satya, Treta, Dvapara, and Kali.

The cycle of Satya is characterized by virtue, wisd…