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Gita : Ch-9. Slo-25.

VERY IMPORTANT UNDERSTAND WELL.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam ).


Slokam-25.


This slokam : Explains- While meditating on Paramatma - The result arrived- because of 'Bhavana-bhedham" ( the difference/ gap/ separation/distance,   in the meditator's mind's experiences).



Yanti   devavrata   devan   pitrun   yanti   pitruvratah,


Buthani   yanti   butegyah   yanti   madyaginopi   mam.



devavratah  =  one who devote  Deva,

devan   yanti  =  attain  Deva;

pitruvratah  =  one who devote Pitrus ( Ancestors),

pitrun   yanti  =  attain  Pitrus;

butegyah  =  one who devote Budhas ( Elements ),

buthani   yanti  =  attain Buthas;

madyaginah  =  one devote me( Lord/ Paramatma),

mam  api  yanti  =  attain me  ( Paramatma /Infinite/Eternal ).



It is law of Nature, that one becomes /attains according to his bhavana ( thoughts/ experiences of mind ), --

"Yad   bhavah   tad   bhavati."

One individual's today's  sangalpas ( nature of mind )…

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-24.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam)

Slokam-24. (  I am the only enjoyer and the only object of sacrifice. Those who do not recognize My true transcendental nature fall down.)


aham  hi  sarvayajnanam   bhokta  ca  prabhureva  ca,


na  tu  mamabhijananti  tattvenatascyavanti  te.



hi  aham  eva  =  why  because ( surely/certainly ),  I  am  only;

sarva-yajnanam  =  of  all  yajna-s;

bhokta  ca  prabhuh  ca  =   Lord  and  enjoyer ( taking  in );

tu  te  mam  tattvena  =  but  they  in  reality  Me;

na  abhijananti  =  do not  know  ( Me in  real tattvam);

atah  cyavanti  =  therefore,  slip  and  fall  down  and  bewilder  in  the  'samsaram.'


Now Lord Krishna explains the maximum rewards the worshippers of the demigods get and why it is avidi-puvakam or not in accordance with the ordinances of the Vedic scriptures.

As the Supreme Lord is paramatma or the Supreme Soul within all the demigods and all living entities as well it is He who is the direct …

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-23.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-23.  ( Whatever a man may sacrifice to other gods, O son of KuntÄ«, is really meant for Me alone, but it is offered without true understanding. )



yepyanyadevata  bhaktah  yajante  sraddhayanvitah,


tepi  mameva   kaunteya   yajantyavidhipurvakam.



kaunteya  =  hey  Arjuna;

ye  api  bhaptah  =  whoever  the  devotees  ( also);

sraddhaya  anvitah  =  having  with  sraddha  (  faithful/ involvemnt/sincere/dedicaion);

anya-devata  =  other  devata-s  too  ( deva-s/ demigod-s/gods );

yajante  te  api  =  do  upasana  ( worship ), they  also;

avidhipurvakam  =  though  not  according  to  ( scriptures ) ;

mam  eva  yajnti  =  ( they )  do  upasana  Me only.



Lord Krishna confirms that everyone who worships the demigods like Brahma or Shiva as prescribed in traividya or the karma kanda or fruitive reward sections of the Vedas; as well as worship of lesser divinities such as Indra and Surya and also worship of impersonal c…

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-22.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )



Slokam-22. Lord  explains :  "the  state  of  one  who  performs  desireless  ( nishkama )  supreme  upasana"  :   those who worship Me with devotion, meditating on My transcendental form-to them I carry what they lack and preserve what they have.)




ananyascintayanto  mam  ye  janah  paryupasate,



tesham  nityabhiyuktanam  yogakshemam  vahamyaham.




ye  janah  =  one  who;

ananyah  =  not  allowing  space  for  unwanted  cintta-s  (  thoughts );

mam  cintayantah  =  (and )  concentrating  ( do  upasana )  unto  Me;

paryupasate  =  and   properly  do  upasana  ( worship );

nityabhiyuktanam  =  always  fixing  his  mind  in  Me;  

tesham   yogakshemam  =  their  yogam  and  kshemam  ( requirements  and  welfare / what they lack and preserve what they have );

aham  vahami  =  I  look after.  





This slokam clearly and distinctly confirms that the devotees of the Supreme Lord Krishna who are completely absorbed in ref…

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-21.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam)


Slokam-21. ( When they have thus enjoyed heavenly sense pleasure, they return to this mortal planet again. Thus, through the Vedic principles, they achieve only flickering happiness.)


te  tam  bhuktva  svargalokam  visalam


kshine  punye  martyalokam  visanti


evam trayidharmamanuprapannah


gatagatam  kamakama  labhante.



te  visalam  tam  =  they  vast  that;

svarga-lokam  bhuktva  =   enjoy   the  pleasures  of  heaven,  after  that;

punye   kshine  =  when  all  punya  (  merits  )  being  exhausted;

martya-lokam  visanti  =  return  to  mortal  earth  ( world  of  martals );

evam  trayidharmam  =  this  way  ( thus )  the   dharma of  veda-s;

anuprapannah   kama-kamah  =  surrendered  enjoyments  of  sensuous  objects  and  desires;

gatagatam   labhante   =   pass  their  time  in  come  and  go  way (  fall   in  the  traffic  of  birth  and  death ).



This slokam clarifies in no uncertain terms that pandering to the de…

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-20.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-20. ( Those who study the Vedas and drink the soma juice, seeking the heavenly planets, worship Me indirectly. They take birth on the planet of Indra, where they enjoy godly delights. )



traividya  mam  somapah  putapapah

yajnairishtva  svargatim  prarthayante

te  punyamasadya  surendralokam

asnanti  divyan  divi  devabhogan.



traividyah  =  who  practicing  Vedic  rituals ( karma/activities);

yajnairiah  mam  ishtva  =  worshipping  Me  with  yaga-s;

somapah  =  drinkers  of  soma-rasam;

putapapah  =  purified  the  sins;

svargatim  prarthayante  =  pray  for  the  passage  to  heaven;

te  punyamasadya  surendralokam  =  they  the  holy  indralokam;

asadya  divi  =  attained,  thereafter in  heaven;

divyan  devabhogan  =  divine  pleasures  of  gods;

asnanti  =  enjoy.


The word trai-vidyah refers to the three Vedas, Sama, Yajur and Rg.

A brahmana who has studied these three Vedas is called a tri-vedi.

Anyone wh…

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-19.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-19.  ( O Arjuna, I control heat, the rain and the drought. I am immortality, and I am also death personified. Both being and nonbeing are in Me. )


tapamyahamaham   varsham   nigrhnamyutsajami   ca,


amrtam   caiva   mrtyusca    sadasaccahamarjuna.


arjuna  =  hey  arjuna;

aham  tapami  =  I  (  to  the  world  )   give  heat;

aham   varsham  nigrhnami  =  I  withhold  rain;

utsajami   ca  =  and  send  forth ( rain );

amrtam   ca  mrtyu  ca  =  immortality  and  mortality  ( death )  and;

sat  ca  asat  ca  aham  eva  =  being  ( Truth )  and  non-being  too  I  only.





The word sat meaning eternal unmanifest spirit is the action and asat denoting the temporary, physical manifestation is the

The sat is not evident in the beginning but because it is evident on manifestation the wise call the action asat being the unmanifested form of the manifested form and the cause.

The Mahabharata explains that creation is compris…

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-18.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-18.  (  I am the goal, the sustainer, the master, the witness, the abode, the refuge and the most dear friend. I am the creation and the annihilation, the basis of everything, the resting place and the eternal seed. )


gatirbharta    prabhuh   sakshi    nivasah   saranam   suhrt,


prabhavah   pralayah   sthanam   nidhanam   bijamavyayam.


gatiah  bharta  =   (  he  is  )   ( I am/ Me )   the  ruler  and   sustainer  of    the  lakshya   sthanam  ( the  goal  );

prabhuh   sakshi   =   controller   ( Lord  )   and  witness;

nivash   =   the   seat  (abode )  of  each  and  everything   ( all );

saranam   suhrt  =   supreme  seat   to  surrender  and  refuge  and  most  intimate  friend;

prabhavah   pralayah  =  creation   and  dissolution;

sthanam   nidhanam  =  sthithi   (  ground  )   and  nikshebham   (  resting  place  );

avyayam   bijam  =  imperishable  seed  too,  Me / I am.



Since Lord Krishna is the ultimate …

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-17.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-17. {  I am the father of this universe, the mother, the support, and the grandsire. I am the object of knowledge, the purifier and the syllable om. I am also the Rig, the Sama, and the Yajur [Vedas].}



pitahamasya   jagatah    mata    dhata   pitamahah,


vedyam   pavitramomkara   rksamayajureva   ca.



asya  jagatah   pita   =  father  of  this  universe;

mata   pitamahah  =  mother  and  grandfather;

dhata  aham  =  and   I  am  also   the  supporter/giver/sustainer/  of   fruits  of  activities;

vedyam  =  what  is  to  be  known   [ the  tattvam  (  essence )  ];

pavitram   OMkarah  =    pure  svarupa  and  the  syllable  OM;

rksamayajuah   eva   ca  =    the  Rig-Veda, the  Sama-Veda,  and   the  Yajur-Veda   also - I  am  only, it  is  certain.



The entire cosmic manifestations, moving and nonmoving, are manifested by different activities of Krishna's energy.

In the material existence we create different rela…

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-16.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-16. ( But it is I who am the ritual, I the sacrifice, the offering to the ancestors, the healing herb, the transcendental  chant. I am the butter and the fire and the offering. )



aham   kraturaham   yajnah   svadhahamahamaushadham,



mantrohamahamevajyam     ahamagniraham    hutam.



kratuah    aham  =  I  am  the  Vedic  yaga;


yajnah   aham  = I  am  the  yajna  or  karma  or  daily  activities;


svadha   aham  =  I  am  the  food  for  pithru-karma;


 aushadham   aham  =   I  am  the  heling  property  of  the  medicine;


 mantrah  aham    ajyam   aham   =   I  am  the  mantra-s  chanted  in  vedic  rituals,  and  the  ghee  poured  in  the  homam  too;

agniah  aham  hutam  aham  eva  =  I  am  the  fire  in  the  homam  and  the  offerings  in  the  homam  too.



Lord Krishna being the universal self is being declared in this verse and the next three.

He states He is Kratu or Vedic rituals such as agnistoma or fire of…

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-15.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gta :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-15. ( Others, who are engaged in the cultivation of knowledge, worship the Supreme Lord as the one without a second, diverse in many, and in the universal form. )


jnanayajnena   capyanye   yajanto  mamupasate,


ekatvena    prthaktvena    bahudha    visvatomukham.



api  ca  anye  =  not  only  that,  yet others;

jnana-yajnena  yajantah   =  with  yajnam ( cultivation ) of  knowledge,  become   worshippers;

ekatvena  prthaktvena  =  in  the  bhava  ( state )  of  oneness,  and  in  the  bhava of  Divine  Self;

bahudha  =  in  diversity  (  different  types  of  manifestations );

visvato-mukham   mam  =  Me,  in  the  univerasal  form;

upasate   =   worship.




The most excellent mahatmanas or great noble souls worship the Supreme Lord Krishna by jnana yagnena or propitiation by knowledge.

Other mahatmanas chant His names and glories and also by propitiation of knowledge offering worship to Him in His universal cosmic f…

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-14.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam)


Slokam-14.  ( Always chanting My glories, endeavoring with great determination, bowing down before Me, these great souls perpetually worship Me with devotion. )


satatam    kirtayanto    mam   yatantasca    drdha-vratah,


namasyantasca    mam    bhaktya   nitya-yukta   upasate.


satatam   mam   kirtayantah   =   always   chanting   My   mahima;

drdha-vratah   yatantah   ca   =   work  hard  with  determination  and   firm full  involvement;

mam    namasyantah   ca   =   praying   with   namaskaram;

 nitya-yuktah  =  without  any  disturbance  to  regular   practice ( prayer );

 bhaktya    upasate  =  worship  with  devotion.



The mahatmanas or great souls being overwhelmed with intense love for the Supreme Lord find it impossible to support their existence for even an infinitesimal part of a moment without always being engaged in chanting Lord Krishna's holy names, singing His glories, enlightening one another about Hi…

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-13.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-13.  ( O Arjuna, those who are not deluded, the great souls, are under the protection of the divine nature. They are fully engaged in devotional service because they know Me as the Supreme Personality of Godhead, original and inexhaustible. )


mahatmanastu   mam   partha   daivim   prakrtimasritah,



bhajantyananyamanasah   jnatva   bhutadimavyayam.


prakrtim   eva   sritah   =   ( they )   were   dependent   of  nature  only;

tu   partha   =   but  Arjuna;

mahatmanah   =   ( they )  mahatma-s;

daivim   prkrtim   asritah  =  are  dependent  of  Divine  nature;

mam  avyayam  =  imperishable/in exhustible   Me;

bhutadim   jnatva  =  knowing  Me  is  the  cause  of  creation;

ananyamanasah   bhajanti  =  ( they )  without   deviation  of  the  mind   devote/pray/render  service.


In this slokam the description of mahatma is clearly given.

The first sign of the mahatma is that he is already situated in the divine nature.

Gita : Ch-9. Slo-12.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-12.  (  Those who are thus bewildered are attracted by demonic and atheistic views. In that deluded condition, their hopes for liberation, their fruitive activities, and their culture of knowledge are all defeated. )


moghasah    moghakarmanah   moghajnana   vicetasah


rakshasimasurim    caiva   prakrtim    mohinim   sritah.



moghasah   =   baffled hope   (  with   useless   hopes );

moghakarmanah   =   baffled in fruitive activities   (  engaged  in useless   activities  );

moghajnana   =   with   meaningless   stupid   knowledge;

vicetasah   =   they  who  lost  their  bhuddhi   ( intellect );

rakshasim   asurim   =   like   demonic   ( rakshasa   and   asura );

mohinim   ca   =   desire   and   also  attachement;

prakrtim    eva   sritah   =   said   to  be  depend  upon  (supported  with  )  nature.



The results of delusion are explained here by Lord Krishna.

Vain hopes, ineffectual desires and unobtainable drea…