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Gita : Ch-7. Slo-8.

Very important Slokam

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-Vijnana-Yogam )

Slokam-8. ( O Arjuna, I am the taste of water, the light of the sun and the moon, the syllable om in the Vedic mantras; I am the sound in ether and ability in man. )

rasohamapsu     kaunteya    prabhasmi     sasisuryayoh,

prannavah     sarvavedeshu    sabdah    khe    paurusham    nrshu.

kaunteya    apsu     rasah   =   O,   arjuna!    the    taste    in    water;

sasisuryayoh     prabha   =   the   brightness   ( light )  in   the   sun    and    moon;

sarvavedeshu    prannavah   =   'OM'  nkaram   in   all   Veda-s;

khe    sabdah   =   the    sound   vibration    in   the   sky;

nrshu    paurusham   =   capability   in    human-beings;

aham    asmi   =   I  AM   (   all   the   above   ).

Exactly how Lord Krishna is the cause of the sustenance of creation is being described in five verses commencing here. His being the sapidity or essence in water means He exists in the molecular substratum of w…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-7.

Very important Slokam, follow  carefully, study on  this, keep  the  tattvam  expressed here in  your  heart  for  ever :-

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-Vijnana-Yogam )

Slokam-7. (  Beyond the superior of Me, there is nothing else to be found, o conquerer of wealth; in Me is all that we see strung like pearls on a thread. )

Mattah  parataram   nanyat  kincid  asti  dhananjaya,

Mayi  sarvam  idam   protam   sutre  mani-gana   iva

Mattah    =    Beyond Myself;

Parataram     =     Superior;

Na     =     Not;

Anyat    =     Anything else;

Kincid     =     Something;

Asti      =   There  is;

Dhananjaya     =      O, Conqueror of wealth ( Arjuna );

Mayi    =    In Me;

Sarvam     =    All that be;

Idam    =    Which we see;

Iva    =     Like

Protam     =      Strung;

Sutre     =      On a thread;

Mani-gana     =      Pearls.

( Here  the  explanation  is  expressed  in  many  ways,  to  emphasise  the essence,  repetition  surely  helps  the  seeker. )

O conquerer of wealth [Arju…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-6.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-Vijnana-Yogam )

Slokam-6. (Of all that is material and all that is spiritual in this world, know for certain that I am both its origin and dissolution.)

etadyonini     bhutani     sarvanityupadharaya,

aham     krtsnasya     jagatah    prabhavah     pralayastatha.

sarvani    bhutani    =    sarva    characharm-s    (   all    living   entities/  all    creations/ everthing );

etad     yonini    =    took    birth    from   different    prakrti-s   ( natures  );

iti    upadharaya   =   know    this;

aham     krtsnasya    jagatah   =    I   am,   of    the    whole    jagat;

prabhavah    tatha    pralayah   =   place    of   origin    and    layanam    ( of    this   jagat   in   me).

Lord Krishna is declaring that the higher and lower natures of prakriti or material nature both are constituted as His dual nature in the material existence. This dual nature consists of chit or sentient and achit insentient categories. This dual nature is the basi…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-5.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-Vijnana-yogam )

Slokam-5. (  Besides this inferior nature, O mighty-armed Arjuna, there is a superior energy of Mine, which are all living entities who are struggling with material nature and are sustaining the universe.)

apareyamitastvanyam    prakrtim     viddhi    me    param;

jivabhutam     mahabaho     yayedam     dharyate     jagat.

mahabaho   =   hey   brave   warrior   ( arjuna );

iyam    apara   =   this    apara  ( nature )   is    nikrashta    (  inferior  )    ;

tu    itah    anyam   =  ( but  )    besides   this   another;

jivabhutam   =   is   jivasvarupam   (  jivatma   of   all   living   entities );

me    param    prakrtim    viddhi   =   just   try   to   understand    ( that ),   My   superior   Para   ( Atma );

yaya   idam   jagat    dharyate   =   that    is    the    base   of   this    jagat   (  the   material    world  ).

 Lord Krishna now clarifies that the eight-fold nature he spoke about in the previous verse is fr…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-4.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-Vijnana-yogam )

Slokam-4.  (  In this slokam Lord  narrates  his  nature : Earth, water, fire, air, ether, mind, intelligence and false ego—altogether these eight comprise My separated material energies.)  

bhumiraponalo    vayuh   kham    mano    buddhireva    ca,

ahankaraitiyam     me    bhinna     prakrtirashtadhah.

bhumih   apah    analah    vayuh    kham     =     earth,    water,    fire,    air,   sky  ( space );

manah   bhuddhih    ahamkaram     ca    iti    eva    =     mind,  bhuddhi    ( intellect ),    ahamkaram   (  'I'  ness ,   ' My'  ness  )    these    are;

me    iyam    prakrtih   =      my   natures  ( energies );

ashtadha   bhinna   =   divided    in    eight   parts.

In order to continue the previous slokam Lord Krishna presents prakriti the material substratum in eight categories representing His lower material energy comprised of earth, water, fire, air and ether and they stand for their respective eleme…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-3.

Very Importat Slokam follow  closely

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-Vijnana-yogam )

Slokam-3. ( Out of thousands of men but a single one endeavors for perfection and of those endeavoring thus there is indeed but a single one who really knows Me.)

Manusyanam sahasreshu kascid yatati siddhaye,

Yatatam api siddhanam kascin mam vetti tattvatah.

Sahasresu manusyanam = Among thousands, among a multitude of men;

Kascit = A rare one;

Yatati = Endeavours;

Siddhaye = For perfection, [For perfection: for the rise of Knowledge through the purification of the mind.];

Siddhanam api = Even of the perfected one;

Yatatam = Who are diligent-they (those diligent ones themselves) being (considered to be) verily perfect because they are striving for Liberation; of them-;

Kascit = One perchance, indeed;

Vetti = Knows;

Mam = Me;

Tattvatah = In truth.

Among the thousands but a single one is interested in the perfection and of those but a single one is really aware of this integrity of mine

Among …

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-2.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-Vijnana-yogam )

Slokam-2. (  I shall now declare unto you in full this knowledge both phenomenal and noumenal, by knowing which there shall remain nothing further to be known.)

jnanam     teham     savijnanam    idam   aseshatah,

yatjnatva     neha     bhuyonyat    jnatavyamavasishyate.

yat    jnatva    neha    bhuyah    iha    =    if   (you)    what    exactly    here   ( in   this   world )  is;

anyat    jnatvyam    =    there    nothing ,   for    knowing;

na     vasishyate   =     nothing    remains    to   be   known;

idam    jnanam    savijnanam    =    this    phenomenal    knowledge    with    knowledge    of    experience;

aseshatah   =    in    full   ( completely/fully );

aham   te     vakshyamy   =    I   (   shall  )   explain    to    you.

Lord Krishna presents this knowledge so as to provoke attention to the recipient by the words idam jnanam meaning the theoretical knowledge described in the Vedic scriptures and the words sa-…

Gita : Ch-7. Slo-1.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-Vijnana-Yogam )

Slokam-1. ( Now hear, Arjuna, how by practicing yoga in full consciousness of Me, with mind attached to Me, you can know Me in full, free from doubt. )

Sri-bhagavan uvaca :

mayiasaktamanah     partha    yogam     yunjan     madasrayah,

asamsayam      samagram     mam     yatha     jnasyasi    tat   chranu.

Sri-bhagavan uvaca :  Lord   Krishna    said;

partha    mayi    asaktamanah   =   hey   arjuna!    fixing    your    mind    in   me   (  attaching   your   mind    unto   Me );

madasrayah   =   also    depending    Me   only   (    in    conscious   of    Me );

yogam    yunjan   =   if    you    prctice   meditation;

yatha   mam    samagram   =   completely,    as   much    as   unto   Me;

asamsayam     jnasyasi   =   without    doubt    you    know    Me;

tat   chranu   =   You   hear   about    that    (   hereafter ).

In this Seventh Chapter of Bhagavad-gita, the nature of  consciousness is fully described.

Krishna is fu…

Gita : Ch-7. Introduction

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-Vijnana-Yogam )

Introduction :

The first six chapters of Srimad Bhagavad-Gita known as the karma yoga section were revealed for the aspirants of moksa or liberation from the material existence to establish that the highest and most profound human goal is to attain communion with the Supreme Lord by realisation of the embodied atma or soul. Atma tattva or the knowledge of the soul was stated as paramount and the means of achieving moksa along with selfless actions, equanimity, detachment, meditation and as parts of yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness. Now in the next six chapters is being revealed how bhakti or loving devotion is the only means to accomplishing the ultimate goal of communion with the Supreme Lord.

Now in order to describe the path of devotion to the Supreme Lord and to confirm that He is the highest reality and ultimate attainment, possessing eternal divine at…

Gita : Ch-6. Slo-47.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-6. ( Dhyana-yogam )

Slokam-47. (   Amongst all yogi's or those perfected in the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness who are engaged in yama, niyama or self control etc. Lord Krishna is declaring that His devotee is superior to even the greatest yogi. One who is possessed of full faith in Him as the Supreme Lord of all, with their mind focused within and relishing meditation on Him is the greatest yogi of all. Therefore be Lord Krishna's devotee is the purport.

yoginamapi    sarvesham    madhgatenantratmana,

sraddhavan    bhajate   yo    mam    sa    me    yuktatamo    matah.

madhgatena    antratmana   =   fixing firmly  chittah   in  me  (deeply   dedicated    to    me,   is   always    thinking    of   me   within);

yah   mam    bhajate    sah   =   who    worships    me,   he;

sarvesham    yoginam   api   =   out    of    all    yogi-s;

yuktatamah   =   ( he   is  )   top    most    yogi;

Gita : Ch-6. Slo-46.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-6. ( Dhyana-yogam )

Slokam-46.  (  A yogi is greater than the ascetic, greater than the empiricist and greater than the fruitive worker. Therefore, O Arjuna, in all circumstances, be a yogi ).

tapasvibhyodhiko  yogi  jnanibhyopi  matodhikah

karmibhyascadhiko  yogi  tasmadyogi  bhavarjuna.

yogi  =   the   dyana-yogi;

tapasvibhyah  adhikah   =   sreshtan  (greater/ far superior), than  the  ordinary  tapasvi-s (  the ascetic );

jnanibhyah  api  adhikah   =   also  sreshtan, than  the  pundits  of  sastra-s   ( than  the  wise );

karmibhyascah   yogi   =    also  yogi  far  superior  than  workers  with  the  aim  of  fruits;

adhikah  (iti)  matah   =   he  is  sreshtan   and  this  is  my  opinion.

tasmat  arjuna!   =   therefore, hey  arjuna!

yogi  bhava   =   just  become  dyana-yogi.

The result of yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness verifies that the yogi is greater than the ascetics w…

Gita : Ch-6. Slo-45.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-6. ( Dhyana-yogam )

Slokam-45. (  But when the yogi engages himself with sincere endeavor in making further progress, being washed of all (  But when the yogi engages himself with sincere endeavor in making further progress, being washed of all contamination, then ultimately, after many, many births of practice, he attains the supreme goal. )

prayatnadyatamanastu   yogi   samsuddhakilbishah,

anekajanmasamsiddhas   tato    yati    param    gatim.

prayatnat  yatamanah   =   by  rigid  practice   one  who   endeavors;

yogi  tu   =   but  such   a  transcendentalist ( dhyana  yogi );

samsuddha   kilbishah   =   all  kinds  of  sins  washed off ( getting  out  of   vasanas,   with    pure    inner   Self;

aneka  janma  samsiddhah   =   passing    through   previous   many   many   births,  gradually  so   achieved  perfection;

tatah  param   gatim  yati    =    thereafter  attains  highest destination   (  paramagathi ).

A person born in a particularly right…

Gita : Ch-6. Slo-44.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-6. ( Dhyana-yogam )

Slokam-44. (  By virtue of the divine consciousness of his previous life, he automatically becomes attracted to the yogic principles—even without seeking them. Such an inquisitive transcendentalist, striving for yoga, stands always above the ritualistic principles of the scriptures. )

purvabhyasena  tenaiva  hriyate  hyavasopi  sah,

jijnasurapi   yogasya  sabda-brahmativartate.

tena  purvabhyasena   eva    =    by  the  influence  of  that  previous    practice;

sah  avasah  api  hriyate    =    he   ( though )   helpless  also   is  attracted  (  to   yoga-sadhana-s  );

yogasya   =    the   secret   of   yoga;

jijnasurapi    =    even   ( so )  willing  to  know;

sabda-brahmativartate    =    transcends   ritualistic   principles  of  scripture   ( Vedam ).

Now Lord Krishna explains that one digressing from yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness who subsequently takes …

Gita : Ch-6. Slo-43.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-6. ( Dhyana-yogam )

Slokam- 43. ( Hey   Arjuna!  On taking such a birth, he again revives the divine consciousness of his previous life, and he tries to make further progress in order to achieve complete success. )

tatra   tam    buddhi-samyogam    labhate    paurva-dehikam,

yatate    ca    tato     bhuyah    samsiddhau     kuru-nandana.

kuru-nandana     tatra    =    hey    Arjuna!    in    that    janmam   (   birth );

paurva-dehikam    tam    =    gained   in    that   previous    birth;

buddhi-yogam     labhate    =   regaining   the   memory  of   jnanam   ( revival   of   Consciousness )

atah    bhuyah   =   again    from    there   onwards;

samsiddhau    yatate   ca   =    also,   try    hard    to   attain    for   yoga-siddhi  ( endeavors,   for    perfection ).

Lord Krishna states the qualifications of the yogi or one perfecting the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness and why such a birt…

Gita : Ch-6. Slo-42.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-6. ( Dhyana-yogam )

Slokam-42. ( Lord   tells   the   status   of    a  detached   sadhakan   who   practice   nish-kama-karmam  (  performing   without  any   desire   for  fruits) :

{Or he takes his birth in a family of transcendentalists who are surely great in wisdom. Verily, such a birth is rare in this world.}

athava     yoginameva     kule     bhavati     dhimatam,

etaddhi     durlabhataram     loke    janma     yadidrsam.

athava    =   otherwisw / or;

dhimatam    yoginam    =    yogies    with    great    jnanam (learned    transcendentalists    who   are    endowed    with    0great    wisdom; )

kule    eva     bhavati    =    certainly    takes   birth    in   the   kulam    itself    (  in   the    family   itself  );

idrsam    janma    yat    etat   =   this    type    of    janmam  ( birth );

loke     durlabhataram   hi    =    ( is )   very    rare    in   this    word.

The destination referred to in the previous s…