Posts

Showing posts from 2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13. Slo-24.

Image
14/10/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-24. ( That Supersoul is perceived by some through meditation, by some through the cultivation of knowledge, and by others through working without fruitive desire. )

dhyanenatmani   pasyanti  kecidatmanamatmana,

anye   sankhyena   yogena  karmayogena capare.


kecit  atmanam  atmana  =   one/ few   of  atma  with  atma  itself;

dhyanena  atmani   pasyanti  =  others  by  meditation  see  in  his  self  / in  them (selves );

anye   sankhyena   yogena  =  another ,  by  sankya-yogam  ( by  the  yoga-system  of  philosophical discussions )  and;

apare  karma  yogena   ca  =  yet  another,  by  karma-yogam  ( by  activities  without  fruitive  desires )  knows  atma.

Discussion :

Lord Krishna expounds here that some humans having become perfect in yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness; perceive by the lucidness of their mind the atma or i…

The Tree of Life : Srimad Bhagavad Gita : 1.4.

Image
10/10/2018
The Tree of Life : Srimad Bhagavad Gita : 1.4
Chapter- 1: The Twofold Character of Cosmic Life-4.
Post - 4.

There is, therefore, a need to be serious in our pursuits and not to continue to behave like babies or children asking for toys, which are only a temporary relief for their tears. We give a toy to the child, and it stops crying. Why it cries, nobody knows. These toys are temporary contrivances to suppress the outward expression of the sorrow of the child, but the inner difficulty persists whatever be the outer adjustments we make in the various walks of life.

The various outer adjustments are well known. The gaining of wealth, making money, increasing the bank balance, getting a good job, enhancement of status of oneself in human society, dainty dishes, palatial houses, vast gardens, and so forth, are the avenues of approach of the mind that seeks immediate relief. We have seen people with large areas of land. Are they happy? We have seen people with large bank balan…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-23, Discussion

Image
25/09/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-23.

ya  evam  vetti  purusham  prakrtim  ca  gunaih  saha,

sarvatha  vartamanopi   na  sa  bhuyobhijayate.


evam  purusham  =  thus,  of  purushan;

gunaih  saha  prakrtim  ca  =  of  nature  with  guna-s;

yah  vetti  =  who  knows  these;

sah  sarvatha  vartamanah  api  =  he  is  with  by  all  means  situated  in  any  manner,  in  spite  of;

bhuyah  na   abhijayate  =  he  never  takes  his  rebirth.

Slokam-23. ( One who understands this philosophy concerning material nature, the living entity and the interaction of the modes of nature is sure to attain liberation. He will not take birth here again, regardless of his present position.)

Discussion :

In slokam 21 purusa referred to the jiva or the embodied being. In slokam 23 purusa refers to the Supreme Lord. Thus purusa can refer both to the Supreme and to the jiva when indicating the atma or immortal soul within. In other situations such an im…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-22, Discussion

Image
29/08/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-22.

upadrashtanumanta  ca  bharta  bhokta  mahesvarah,

paramatmeti  capyuktah  dehesmin  purushah   parah.

asmin  dehe  =  this  (  situating )  in  this  body;

parah  purushah  =  the  supreme  ( transcendental )  Lord;

upadrashta  =  ( said  to  be  )  the  witness;

anumanta  =  ( said  to  be  )  the  one  who   gives  permission;

bharta  =  ( said  to  be  )  the  one  who governs / rules/ Master;

bhokta  =   (  said  to  be  the  )  supreme  enjoyer;

mahesvarah  =  ( said  to  be  the  Supreme  Lord;

paramatma  ca  api  =   also  said  to  be  the  Paramatma  ( Supreme  Soul );

iti  uktah  =  said  these  way. 

Essence :-
Yet in this body there is another, a transcendental enjoyer who is the Lord, the supreme proprietor, who exists as the overseer and permitter, and who is known as the Supersoul.

Discussion :-

The transmigratory existence of the Purusa or manifestation of the Supreme Lord a…

The Tree of Life : Srimad Bhagavad Gita : 1.3.

Image
28/08/2018
The Tree of Life : Srimad Bhagavad Gita : 1.3
Chapter- 1: The Twofold Character of Cosmic Life-3.
Post - 3.

A disease is a structural maladjustment, and it appears in the form of an agony to the consciousness. When there is a lack of an alignment between our mind, or consciousness, and the nature of our experiences in life, there is what we call unhappiness. Happiness is nothing but the organic alignment of our mind with the various patterns of human experience.

When there is a lack of this alignment a jarring sound is produced, as a loudspeaker sometimes makes a noise. There is some kind of defect in the alignment of the internal mechanism. When the mechanism of our psyche in its relation to the structure of the whole of experience in the world goes out of gear, there is unhappiness because happiness is alignment, and unhappiness is the opposite of it.

As Ayurveda physicians tell us, health is the harmony among the humours of the body: vata, pitta, kapha. When the sattva,…

The Background of the Bhagavadgita-2

Image
27/08/2018
The Background of the Bhagavadgita-2

On the one hand, therefore, you are intensely active; on the other hand, your activity is guided by a principle. The guiding principle is the dharma, the righteousness mentioned here, and the activity is that in which you are engaged. That which subjects you under a compulsion of activity to do something or other every day is the Kurukshetra aspect of this world – the karma field, as it is called. But all the multitudinousness of your activity is finally determined by a principle, and everyone who is busy in this world knows that it is this principle that guides them.

You are busy and active because there is something that you wish to achieve through that activity. The achievement is a future occurrence. A thing that has not taken place, and is yet to be, is the futurity of the expectation through the activity that is a present involvement. That a future, which is only an expectation that is hoped for, is connected with the present, whi…

The Background of the Bhagavadgita-1.

Image
04/08/2018
The Background of the Bhagavadgita-1


The first chapter tells about Arjuna Vishadham,
Begins with

Drutharashtra uvacha :

Dharmakshetre kurukshetre samavetha yuyutsavah,

maamakaah  paandavaas caiva kim akurvata sanjaya (Gita 1.1).

This is the first Slokam of the Bhagavadgita. It is a query raised by King Dhrutarashtra to his counsellor, Sanjaya: “When the Pandavas and the Kauravas were arrayed in the field for a battle, what actually happened? How did they get on among themselves?”

This world, this field of universal conflict, may also be considered as Dharmakshetra and Kurukshetra at the same time. The field of the Mahabharata war was the geographical location called Kurukshetra – a place of pilgrimage even now, which you can visit whenever you have time. It is also designated in this verse as Dharmakshetra because it is said that in this particular holy spot many yajnas or sacrifices were performed by rishis of yore; therefore, the place has the blessedness of being charge…

The Tree of Life : Srimad Bhagavad Gita : 1.2.

Image
04/08/2018
The Tree of Life : Srimad Bhagavad Gita : 1.2
Chapter- 1: The Twofold Character of Cosmic Life-2.
Post - 2.

“What is the sorrow that is hanging heavily on our heads?” is not a question easy to answer. At one moment it may appear that the grief is of one type, and at another moment it is of another type. It changes its colour like a chameleon, and we are under the impression thereby that perhaps there are millions of sorrows. Not so is the case. Sorrow is a single structural or organic defect of personality which ramifies itself into various expressions of inconvenience to our personality, and which goes by the name of sorrow, grief, suffering, pain, and so forth.

There is a basic illness which is deeply rooted in us, and we have not the time or the patience to go into the abyss of this sorrow. We seek immediate relief, as is the case with physical illness. There is an asking for an immediate remedy for an acute case of suffering, and this is human nature. The sorrow cannot…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-21, Discussion-2.

Image
04/08/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-21.

purushah  prakttistho  hi  bhunkte  prakttijan  gunan,

karanam   guaasangosya   sadasadyoni  janmasu.


 purushah  prakttisthah  =  putushan  situating  in  the  prakrti;

 prakttijan  gunan  =  the  guna-s  in  the  prkrti;

 bhunkte  hi   =  enjoying;

asya   guaasangah  =  his  ( jiva's )  association  with  guna-s;

sad-asad-yoni   janmasu  =  in  superior   ( good )   and  inferior  ( bad )  species  of  life;

karanam   =  becomes  the  cause  of  birth.

( The living entity in material nature thus follows the ways of life, enjoying the three modes of nature. This is due to his association with that material nature. Thus he meets with good and evil amongst various species.)

Discussion-2.

Here the word Purusa should be understood to refer to the jiva or embodied living entities. In previous verses both the Supreme Lord and the jivas have been referred to as Purusa. Hence this clarification i…

The Tree of Life : Srimad Bhagavad Gita : 1.1.

Image
07/07/2018
The Tree of Life : Srimad Bhagavad Gita : 1.1.
Chapter- 1: The Twofold Character of Cosmic Life-1.
Post - 1.

Sadhakas and seekers of truth from various parts of the country come to this holy abode in search of a mysterious something, the acquisition of which is considered as a rectifying factor or a remedy for the various illnesses of life. They have not come here for nothing. It is taken for granted that their search is for a light, and not for a substance or object. They seek an enlightenment, a torch to illumine the path which they have to walk in the various fields of their activities.

There are doubts and difficulties, problems galore, so that it becomes difficult to take even one step ahead on account of a pitch darkness through the horizon that appears to be hanging heavy before our eyes, which is apparently a common factor in the life of each and every person. It does not appear that we are asking for any particular thing in this world. We seem to be asking for enl…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-21, Discussion-1.

Image
06/07/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-21. ( When the puruṣh (individual soul) seated in prakṛiti (the material energy) desires to enjoy the three guṇas, attachment to them becomes the cause of its birth in superior and inferior wombs. )

"puruṣhaḥ prakṛiti-stho hi bhuṅkte prakṛiti-jān guṇān,
kāraṇaṁ guṇa-saṅgo ’sya sad-asad-yoni-janmasu."

puruṣhaḥ—the individual soul;
prakṛiti-sthaḥ—seated in the material energy;
hi—indeed;
bhuṅkte—desires to enjoy;
prakṛiti-jān—produced by the material energy;
guṇān—the three modes of nature;
kāraṇam—the cause;
guṇa-saṅgaḥ—the attachment (to three guṇas);
asya—of its;
sat-asat-yoni—in superior and inferior wombs;
janmasu—of birth


Discussion :- 1.

Here the word Purusa should be understood to refer to the jiva or embodied living entities. In previous verses both the Supreme Lord and the jivas have been referred to as Purusa. Hence this clarification is required to understand this verse in the…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-20, Discussion-3.

Image
15/06/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-20. ( Nature is said to be the cause of all material activities and effects, whereas the living entity is the cause of the various sufferings and enjoyments in this world.)

"karyakaranakartrtve  hetuh   prakrtirucyate,

purushah  sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  heturucyate."


karya-karana-kartrtve  =   the  happening  of  cause and effect;

prakrtih  hetuh  ucyate  =   it  is  said  to  be  the  instrument  is  the  nature;

sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  =   in the  experience  of  joy  and  sorrow;   

purushah  hetuh  ucyate  =  it  is  said  that  purusha  is  the  instrument.

Discussion-3.

14
Here in this slokam the word purusa is referring to His expansion as the atma within the heart of all living entities which by its own intrinsic nature is liberated and blissful but by the influence of karma and prakriti is entangled in the material existence undergoing experiences of enjoyment and suffer…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-20, Discussion-2.

Image
28/05/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-20. ( Nature is said to be the cause of all material activities and effects, whereas the living entity is the cause of the various sufferings and enjoyments in this world.)


"karyakaranakartrtve  hetuh   prakrtirucyate,


purushah  sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  heturucyate."



karya-karana-kartrtve  =   the  happening  of  cause and effect;

prakrtih  hetuh  ucyate  =   it  is  said  to  be  the  instrument  is  the  nature;

sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  =   in the  experience  of  joy  and  sorrow;   

purushah  hetuh  ucyate  =  it  is  said  that  purusha  is  the  instrument.

Discussion-2.
7
Lord Krishna is known as the Supreme Controller because everything in exsitence emanates originally from Him in the material worlds and Vaikuntha the spiritual worlds. Even though the Supreme Lord creates everything, to show that the privilege of experience has been granted to prakriti to a small degree, …

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-20, Discussion-1.

Image
20/05/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-20. ( Nature is said to be the cause of all material activities and effects, whereas the living entity is the cause of the various sufferings and enjoyments in this world.)


"karyakaranakartrtve  hetuh   prakrtirucyate,


purushah  sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  heturucyate."



karya-karana-kartrtve  =   the  happening  of  cause and effect;

prakrtih  hetuh  ucyate  =   it  is  said  to  be  the  instrument  is  the  nature;

sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  =   in the  experience  of  joy  and  sorrow;   

purushah  hetuh  ucyate  =  it  is  said  that  purusha  is  the  instrument.

Discussion-1.
1
After explaining how the evolution of all jivas or embodied beings along with their modifications and transformations all arise from prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence, Lord Krishna elaborates how the Purusa or eternal manifestation of the Supreme Lord as the atma or immortal…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-19, Discussion-2.

Image
12/05/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-19.  ( Material nature and the living entities should be understood to be beginningless. Their transformations and the modes of matter are products of material nature. )

"Prakratim purusham caiva viddhiyanadi ubavapi,

Vikaramsca guna.scaiva viddhi prakratisambavan."


Prakrtim = Nature;
Purusham = Living entities;
Ubhau = Both;
Api = Also;
Eva = Certainly;
Viddhi = Must know;
Anadhi = Without beginning;
Vikaran = Transformation ( emotion );
Ca = Also;
Gunan = Three modes of nature ( Sattva, Rajas, Tamas );
Ca = Also;
Eva = Certainly;
Viddhi = Know;
Prakrti = Nature;
Sambhavan = Produced of.


Discussion-2.

Here Lord Krishna explains that from the beginning of time purusa or the immortal soul and prakriti the material substratum pervading physical existence have been existing united together. The word vikarams means modifications and transformations this denotes non-spiritual material attrib…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-19, Discussion-1.

Image
29/04/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
************************
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)
***************************************
Slokam-19.  ( Material nature and the living entities should be understood to be beginningless. Their transformations and the modes of matter are products of material nature. )
*****************************************************************************************************************************

"Prakratim purusham caiva viddhiyanadi ubavapi,

Vikaramsca guna.scaiva viddhi prakratisambavan."

************************************
Prakrtim = Nature;
Purusham = Living entities;
Ubhau = Both;
Api = Also;
Eva = Certainly;
Viddhi = Must know;
Anadhi = Without beginning;
Vikaran = Transformation ( emotion );
Ca = Also;
Gunan = Three modes of nature ( Sattva, Rajas, Tamas );
Ca = Also;
Eva = Certainly;
Viddhi = Know;
Prakrti = Nature;
Sambhavan = Produced of.
*************************************

Discussion-1.

In the 8th chapter, Lor…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-18, Discussion-3.

Image
08/04/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-18, Discussion-3.
**************************************
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
*************************************
iti  kshetram  tatha  jnanam  jneyam   coktam  samasatah,
madbhakta  etadvijnaya  madbhavayopapadyate.
************************************************
iti  kshetram  tatha  jnanam    jneyam  ca  samasatah  uktam  =  thus,  Kshetram  (our  body / field  of  activity),  Jnanam
(knowledge ), Jneyam ( knowable ),  I Have  explained  all  these  briefly;

madbhaktah  etat  vijnaya  =  knowing  this  My  devotee;

madbhavay  upapadyate  =  (he /devotee )  becomes  ready /fit/eligible  for  Atma-Sakshatkaram  (  Realisation ).
****************************************************************************************************
Slokam-19. ( Thus the field of activities [the body], knowledge, and the knowable have been summarily described by Me. Only My devotees can understand this thoroughly and thus attain …

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-19, Discussion-2.

Image
22/03/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-19, Discussion-2.
**************************************
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
*************************************
iti  kshetram  tatha  jnanam  jneyam   coktam  samasatah,
madbhakta  etadvijnaya  madbhavayopapadyate.
************************************************
iti  kshetram  tatha  jnanam    jneyam  ca  samasatah  uktam  =  thus,  Kshetram  (our  body / field  of  activity),  Jnanam
(knowledge ), Jneyam ( knowable ),  I Have  explained  all  these  briefly;

madbhaktah  etat  vijnaya  =  knowing  this  My  devotee;

madbhavay  upapadyate  =  (he /devotee )  becomes  ready /fit/eligible  for  Atma-Sakshatkaram  (  Realisation ). 
*********************************************************************************
Slokam-19. ( Thus the field of activities [the body], knowledge, and the knowable have been summarily described by Me. Only My devotees can understand this thoroughly and thus attain to My nature. )
**…