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The Background of the Bhagavadgita-1.

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04/08/2018
The Background of the Bhagavadgita-1


The first chapter tells about Arjuna Vishadham,
Begins with

Drutharashtra uvacha :

Dharmakshetre kurukshetre samavetha yuyutsavah,

maamakaah  paandavaas caiva kim akurvata sanjaya (Gita 1.1).

This is the first Slokam of the Bhagavadgita. It is a query raised by King Dhrutarashtra to his counsellor, Sanjaya: “When the Pandavas and the Kauravas were arrayed in the field for a battle, what actually happened? How did they get on among themselves?”

This world, this field of universal conflict, may also be considered as Dharmakshetra and Kurukshetra at the same time. The field of the Mahabharata war was the geographical location called Kurukshetra – a place of pilgrimage even now, which you can visit whenever you have time. It is also designated in this verse as Dharmakshetra because it is said that in this particular holy spot many yajnas or sacrifices were performed by rishis of yore; therefore, the place has the blessedness of being charge…

The Tree of Life 1.2.

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04/08/2018
Discourse 1: The Twofold Character of Cosmic Life-2.

“What is the sorrow that is hanging heavily on our heads?” is not a question easy to answer. At one moment it may appear that the grief is of one type, and at another moment it is of another type. It changes its colour like a chameleon, and we are under the impression thereby that perhaps there are millions of sorrows. Not so is the case. Sorrow is a single structural or organic defect of personality which ramifies itself into various expressions of inconvenience to our personality, and which goes by the name of sorrow, grief, suffering, pain, and so forth.

There is a basic illness which is deeply rooted in us, and we have not the time or the patience to go into the abyss of this sorrow. We seek immediate relief, as is the case with physical illness. There is an asking for an immediate remedy for an acute case of suffering, and this is human nature. The sorrow cannot be borne any further for a longer period, and so we as…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-21, Discussion-2.

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04/08/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-21.

purushah  prakttistho  hi  bhunkte  prakttijan  gunan,

karanam   guaasangosya   sadasadyoni  janmasu.


 purushah  prakttisthah  =  putushan  situating  in  the  prakrti;

 prakttijan  gunan  =  the  guna-s  in  the  prkrti;

 bhunkte  hi   =  enjoying;

asya   guaasangah  =  his  ( jiva's )  association  with  guna-s;

sad-asad-yoni   janmasu  =  in  superior   ( good )   and  inferior  ( bad )  species  of  life;

karanam   =  becomes  the  cause  of  birth.

( The living entity in material nature thus follows the ways of life, enjoying the three modes of nature. This is due to his association with that material nature. Thus he meets with good and evil amongst various species.)

Discussion-2.

Here the word Purusa should be understood to refer to the jiva or embodied living entities. In previous verses both the Supreme Lord and the jivas have been referred to as Purusa. Hence this clarification i…

The Tree of Life 1.1.

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07/07/2018
Discourse 1: The Twofold Character of Cosmic Life-1.

Sadhakas and seekers of truth from various parts of the country come to this holy abode in search of a mysterious something, the acquisition of which is considered as a rectifying factor or a remedy for the various illnesses of life. They have not come here for nothing. It is taken for granted that their search is for a light, and not for a substance or object. They seek an enlightenment, a torch to illumine the path which they have to walk in the various fields of their activities.

There are doubts and difficulties, problems galore, so that it becomes difficult to take even one step ahead on account of a pitch darkness through the horizon that appears to be hanging heavy before our eyes, which is apparently a common factor in the life of each and every person. It does not appear that we are asking for any particular thing in this world. We seem to be asking for enlightenment and light so that we may move in the directio…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-21, Discussion-1.

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06/07/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-21. ( When the puruṣh (individual soul) seated in prakṛiti (the material energy) desires to enjoy the three guṇas, attachment to them becomes the cause of its birth in superior and inferior wombs. )

"puruṣhaḥ prakṛiti-stho hi bhuṅkte prakṛiti-jān guṇān,
kāraṇaṁ guṇa-saṅgo ’sya sad-asad-yoni-janmasu."

puruṣhaḥ—the individual soul;
prakṛiti-sthaḥ—seated in the material energy;
hi—indeed;
bhuṅkte—desires to enjoy;
prakṛiti-jān—produced by the material energy;
guṇān—the three modes of nature;
kāraṇam—the cause;
guṇa-saṅgaḥ—the attachment (to three guṇas);
asya—of its;
sat-asat-yoni—in superior and inferior wombs;
janmasu—of birth


Discussion :- 1.

Here the word Purusa should be understood to refer to the jiva or embodied living entities. In previous verses both the Supreme Lord and the jivas have been referred to as Purusa. Hence this clarification is required to understand this verse in the…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-20, Discussion-3.

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15/06/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-20. ( Nature is said to be the cause of all material activities and effects, whereas the living entity is the cause of the various sufferings and enjoyments in this world.)

"karyakaranakartrtve  hetuh   prakrtirucyate,

purushah  sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  heturucyate."


karya-karana-kartrtve  =   the  happening  of  cause and effect;

prakrtih  hetuh  ucyate  =   it  is  said  to  be  the  instrument  is  the  nature;

sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  =   in the  experience  of  joy  and  sorrow;   

purushah  hetuh  ucyate  =  it  is  said  that  purusha  is  the  instrument.

Discussion-3.

14
Here in this slokam the word purusa is referring to His expansion as the atma within the heart of all living entities which by its own intrinsic nature is liberated and blissful but by the influence of karma and prakriti is entangled in the material existence undergoing experiences of enjoyment and suffer…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-20, Discussion-2.

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28/05/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-20. ( Nature is said to be the cause of all material activities and effects, whereas the living entity is the cause of the various sufferings and enjoyments in this world.)


"karyakaranakartrtve  hetuh   prakrtirucyate,


purushah  sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  heturucyate."



karya-karana-kartrtve  =   the  happening  of  cause and effect;

prakrtih  hetuh  ucyate  =   it  is  said  to  be  the  instrument  is  the  nature;

sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  =   in the  experience  of  joy  and  sorrow;   

purushah  hetuh  ucyate  =  it  is  said  that  purusha  is  the  instrument.

Discussion-2.
7
Lord Krishna is known as the Supreme Controller because everything in exsitence emanates originally from Him in the material worlds and Vaikuntha the spiritual worlds. Even though the Supreme Lord creates everything, to show that the privilege of experience has been granted to prakriti to a small degree, …

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-20, Discussion-1.

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20/05/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-20. ( Nature is said to be the cause of all material activities and effects, whereas the living entity is the cause of the various sufferings and enjoyments in this world.)


"karyakaranakartrtve  hetuh   prakrtirucyate,


purushah  sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  heturucyate."



karya-karana-kartrtve  =   the  happening  of  cause and effect;

prakrtih  hetuh  ucyate  =   it  is  said  to  be  the  instrument  is  the  nature;

sukhaduhkhanam  bhoktrtveh  =   in the  experience  of  joy  and  sorrow;   

purushah  hetuh  ucyate  =  it  is  said  that  purusha  is  the  instrument.

Discussion-1.
1
After explaining how the evolution of all jivas or embodied beings along with their modifications and transformations all arise from prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence, Lord Krishna elaborates how the Purusa or eternal manifestation of the Supreme Lord as the atma or immortal…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-19, Discussion-2.

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12/05/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-19.  ( Material nature and the living entities should be understood to be beginningless. Their transformations and the modes of matter are products of material nature. )

"Prakratim purusham caiva viddhiyanadi ubavapi,

Vikaramsca guna.scaiva viddhi prakratisambavan."


Prakrtim = Nature;
Purusham = Living entities;
Ubhau = Both;
Api = Also;
Eva = Certainly;
Viddhi = Must know;
Anadhi = Without beginning;
Vikaran = Transformation ( emotion );
Ca = Also;
Gunan = Three modes of nature ( Sattva, Rajas, Tamas );
Ca = Also;
Eva = Certainly;
Viddhi = Know;
Prakrti = Nature;
Sambhavan = Produced of.


Discussion-2.

Here Lord Krishna explains that from the beginning of time purusa or the immortal soul and prakriti the material substratum pervading physical existence have been existing united together. The word vikarams means modifications and transformations this denotes non-spiritual material attrib…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-19, Discussion-1.

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29/04/2018
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
************************
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)
***************************************
Slokam-19.  ( Material nature and the living entities should be understood to be beginningless. Their transformations and the modes of matter are products of material nature. )
*****************************************************************************************************************************

"Prakratim purusham caiva viddhiyanadi ubavapi,

Vikaramsca guna.scaiva viddhi prakratisambavan."

************************************
Prakrtim = Nature;
Purusham = Living entities;
Ubhau = Both;
Api = Also;
Eva = Certainly;
Viddhi = Must know;
Anadhi = Without beginning;
Vikaran = Transformation ( emotion );
Ca = Also;
Gunan = Three modes of nature ( Sattva, Rajas, Tamas );
Ca = Also;
Eva = Certainly;
Viddhi = Know;
Prakrti = Nature;
Sambhavan = Produced of.
*************************************

Discussion-1.

In the 8th chapter, Lor…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-18, Discussion-3.

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08/04/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-18, Discussion-3.
**************************************
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
*************************************
iti  kshetram  tatha  jnanam  jneyam   coktam  samasatah,
madbhakta  etadvijnaya  madbhavayopapadyate.
************************************************
iti  kshetram  tatha  jnanam    jneyam  ca  samasatah  uktam  =  thus,  Kshetram  (our  body / field  of  activity),  Jnanam
(knowledge ), Jneyam ( knowable ),  I Have  explained  all  these  briefly;

madbhaktah  etat  vijnaya  =  knowing  this  My  devotee;

madbhavay  upapadyate  =  (he /devotee )  becomes  ready /fit/eligible  for  Atma-Sakshatkaram  (  Realisation ).
****************************************************************************************************
Slokam-19. ( Thus the field of activities [the body], knowledge, and the knowable have been summarily described by Me. Only My devotees can understand this thoroughly and thus attain …

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-19, Discussion-2.

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22/03/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-19, Discussion-2.
**************************************
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
*************************************
iti  kshetram  tatha  jnanam  jneyam   coktam  samasatah,
madbhakta  etadvijnaya  madbhavayopapadyate.
************************************************
iti  kshetram  tatha  jnanam    jneyam  ca  samasatah  uktam  =  thus,  Kshetram  (our  body / field  of  activity),  Jnanam
(knowledge ), Jneyam ( knowable ),  I Have  explained  all  these  briefly;

madbhaktah  etat  vijnaya  =  knowing  this  My  devotee;

madbhavay  upapadyate  =  (he /devotee )  becomes  ready /fit/eligible  for  Atma-Sakshatkaram  (  Realisation ). 
*********************************************************************************
Slokam-19. ( Thus the field of activities [the body], knowledge, and the knowable have been summarily described by Me. Only My devotees can understand this thoroughly and thus attain to My nature. )
**…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-19, Discussion-1.

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12/03/2018
********
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-19, Discussion-1.
**************************************
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
*************************************
iti  kshetram  tatha  jnanam  jneyam   coktam  samasatah,
madbhakta  etadvijnaya  madbhavayopapadyate.
************************************************
iti  kshetram  tatha  jnanam    jneyam  ca  samasatah  uktam  =  thus,  Kshetram  (our  body / field  of  activity),  Jnanam
(knowledge ), Jneyam ( knowable ),  I Have  explained  all  these  briefly;

madbhaktah  etat  vijnaya  =  knowing  this  My  devotee;

madbhavay  upapadyate  =  (he /devotee )  becomes  ready /fit/eligible  for  Atma-Sakshatkaram  (  Realisation ). 
*********************************************************************************
Slokam-19. ( Thus the field of activities [the body], knowledge, and the knowable have been summarily described by Me. Only My devotees can understand this thoroughly and thus attain to My nat…

Sri Krishna – The Guru of All Gurus -1.

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11/03/2018

1.
This day happens to be the most blessed and adorable day of the advent of Bhagavan Sri Krishna, which goes by the name of Sri Krishna Janmastami. Sri Krishna is considered as Jagatguru; he is the teacher of all teachers, the Guru of all Gurus – Krishnam vande jagadguru.

There is no Guru equal to him. We consider Bhagavan Sri Krishna as an incarnation of the Supreme Being. You may have heard through your studies that there have been many incarnations of Vishnu: Narayana, Mastya, Kurma, Varaha, Narasimha, Vamana, Parasurama, Sri Ramachandra, and Bhagavan Sri Krishna.


One of the traits of the human being is to observe and evaluate everything from the viewpoint of the human being only. We judge even God from our point of view. "Where is the goodness of God," we ask, "when He has created a world of evil – tempests, tornados, earthquakes, sufferings, drought and flood?

What kind of God has created this world? God could have created milk and honey through the wa…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-18, Discussion-3.

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02/03/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-18, Discussion-3.
**************************************
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
*************************************
Slokam-18. ( He is the source of light in all luminous objects. He is beyond the darkness of matter and is unmanifested. He is knowledge, He is the object of knowledge, and He is the goal of knowledge. He is situated in everyone's heart.)

****************************************
jyotisamapi  tajjyotih  tamasah  paramucyate,


jnanam   jneyam   jnanagamyam   hrdi  sarvasya  vishthitam.

***************************************************
Word by Meaning :


jyotisamapi  jyotih  tat  =  that, in all luminous objects, also  source of light;

tamasah  param  ucyate  =  is said, beyond, of the darkness;

jnanam   jneyam   jnanagamyam  =  that  is,  the  knowledge, to be known, to be approached by knowledge;

(tat)  sarvasya  hrdi  vishthitam  =  that  is  situated  in  the  hearts  of  everyone.

***********…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-18, Discussion-2.

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20/02/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-18, Discussion-1.
**************************************
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
*************************************
Slokam-18. ( He is the source of light in all luminous objects. He is beyond the darkness of matter and is unmanifested. He is knowledge, He is the object of knowledge, and He is the goal of knowledge. He is situated in everyone's heart.)

****************************************
jyotisamapi  tajjyotih  tamasah  paramucyate,


jnanam   jneyam   jnanagamyam   hrdi  sarvasya  vishthitam.

***************************************************
Word by Meaning :


jyotisamapi  jyotih  tat  =  that, in all luminous objects, also  source of light;

tamasah  param  ucyate  =  is said, beyond, of the darkness;

jnanam   jneyam   jnanagamyam  =  that  is,  the  knowledge, to be known, to be approached by knowledge;

(tat)  sarvasya  hrdi  vishthitam  =  that  is  situated  in  the  hearts  of  everyone.

***********…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-18, Discussion-1.

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11/02/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-18, Discussion-1.
**************************************
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
*************************************
Slokam-18. ( He is the source of light in all luminous objects. He is beyond the darkness of matter and is unmanifested. He is knowledge, He is the object of knowledge, and He is the goal of knowledge. He is situated in everyone's heart.)

****************************************
jyotisamapi  tajjyotih  tamasah  paramucyate,


jnanam   jneyam   jnanagamyam   hrdi  sarvasya  vishthitam.

***************************************************
Word by Meaning :


jyotisamapi  jyotih  tat  =  that, in all luminous objects, also  source of light;

tamasah  param  ucyate  =  is said, beyond, of the darkness;

jnanam   jneyam   jnanagamyam  =  that  is,  the  knowledge, to be known, to be approached by knowledge;

(tat)  sarvasya  hrdi  vishthitam  =  that  is  situated  in  the  hearts  of  everyone.

***********…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-17, Discussion-2.

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04/02/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
************************

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

**********************************************

Slokam-17. ( Although the Supersoul appears to be divided, He is never divided. He is situated as one. Although He is the maintainer of every living entity, it is to be understood that He devours and develops all. )

***********************************************************

Avibhaktam  ca  bhuteshu  vibhaktam  iva  ca  sthitam,


bhutabhartr  ca  tat  jneyam   grasishnu  prabhavishnu  ca.

*********************************************************

jneyam  tat  =to  be  known  ( understood ),  that;

avibhaktam  ca  =  though  without division;

vibhaktam  iva  =  as if  divided;

sthitam  ca  =  situated  so;

bhutabhartr  =  ruler  of  all  bhuta-s  ( elements / living and  non-living  entities );

 grasishnu  prabhavishnu  ca  = both  originating  and  de-originating  are  that  only  ( Brahmam / Paramatma).

*****************************…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-17, Discussion-1.

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Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-17, Discussion-1.

26/01/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
************************

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

**********************************************

Slokam-17. ( Although the Supersoul appears to be divided, He is never divided. He is situated as one. Although He is the maintainer of every living entity, it is to be understood that He devours and develops all. )

***********************************************************

Avibhaktam  ca  bhuteshu  vibhaktam  iva  ca  sthitam,


bhutabhartr  ca  tat  jneyam   grasishnu  prabhavishnu  ca.

*********************************************************

jneyam  tat  =to  be  known  ( understood ),  that;

avibhaktam  ca  =  though  without division;

vibhaktam  iva  =  as if  divided;

sthitam  ca  =  situated  so;

bhutabhartr  =  ruler  of  all  bhuta-s  ( elements / living and  non-living  entities );

 grasishnu  prabhavishnu  ca  = both  originating  and  de-originating  are  that  only  (…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-16, Discussion-2.

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19/01/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-16. ( The Supreme Truth exists both internally and externally, in the moving and nonmoving. He is beyond the power of the material senses to see or to know. Although far, far away, He is also near to all.)
**********************************************

bahirantasca  bhutanam  acaram  caram  eva  ca,

sukshmatvat  tadavijñeyam   durastham  cantike  ca  tat.

**********************************************

tat  bhutanam  =  that  ( 'Brahmam'),  of  all  elemants / of  all  entities;

bahih  antah  ca  =  outside  and  inside;

acaram  caram  ca  =  movable  and  immovable;

( tat )  eva  =  that  only;

sukshmatvat  =  ( as  it is )  so  subtle;

tat  avijneyam  =  ( no one  can  )  know  that;

tat   durastham  =  that  ( is  there  )  far  away;

cantike  ca  =  ( it  is  also )  near  here  too.

*********************************************

Discussion :- 2.

8.
Because it is subatomic it can not b…

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita : Ch-13, Slo-16, Discussion-1

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10/01/2018

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-16. ( The Supreme Truth exists both internally and externally, in the moving and nonmoving. He is beyond the power of the material senses to see or to know. Although far, far away, He is also near to all.)
**********************************************

bahirantasca  bhutanam  acaram  caram  eva  ca,

sukshmatvat  tadavijñeyam   durastham  cantike  ca  tat.

**********************************************

tat  bhutanam  =  that  ( 'Brahmam'),  of  all  elemants / of  all  entities;

bahih  antah  ca  =  outside  and  inside;

acaram  caram  ca  =  movable  and  immovable;

( tat )  eva  =  that  only;

sukshmatvat  =  ( as  it is )  so  subtle;

tat  avijneyam  =  ( no one  can  )  know  that;

tat   durastham  =  that  ( is  there  )  far  away;

cantike  ca  =  ( it  is  also )  near  here  too.

*********************************************

Discussion :- 1.
1.
The Supreme Lord Krishna who is know…