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Gita : Ch-11. Slo-18.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-11. (Visvarupa-darsana-yogam)

Slokam-18. ( You are the supreme primal objective; You are the best in all the universes; You are inexhaustible, and You are the oldest; You are the maintainer of religion, the eternal Personality of Godhead.)

tvamaksharam   paramam   veditavyam

tvamasya  visvasya param  nidhanam,

tvamavyayah  sasvata-dharma-gopta

sanatanastvam  purusho mato me.

tvam  veditavyam   param = from  you  only  the  "Supreme"  to  be  understood;

aksharam  =  the letter  ( inexhaustible ),  as brahmam;

tvam  asya  visvasya  =  from  you  only  of  the  Universe;

param  nidhanam  =  the  Supreme  Support ( base/ basis);

tvam  avyayah  =  from  you  only  of  Sanatana dharma-s;

sasvata-dharma-gopta  =  the  great  protector  ever;

tvam  sanatanah  purushah  = ( from ) you  are  the PARAMATMA;

me  matah  =  I  think  so.    

The Supreme Lord Krishna's magnificent is beyond the ability of the mind and senses to fathom and comprehend.

It is declared in the Brihadaranyaka Upanishads III:VIII:X  : -

O Gargi if one performs ceremonial rituals, worship and propitiation and undergoes rigid austerities for thousands of lifetimes without knowledge of Lord Krishna being the Supreme God of all gods; then the results of all such activities is limited and minimal indeed.

Verily one who having lived their span of life in the material existence who departs this world ignorant and oblivious to the reality that the Supreme Lord Krishna is the ultimate cause of their very existence as well as the source of the complete cosmic creation is considered to be pitiful and their condition is lamentable.

But one who departs this world at the end of their life knowing the absolute paramount position of the Supreme Lord Krishna is exalted.

The Supreme Lord Krishna the origin and source of all things animate and inanimate is most worthy to be known to those who value their own best interests.

He is eternal, immutable, the spiritual substratum pervading all existence, the support, the preserver and the refuge for all creation.

There is no change or diminution in His form, qualities, attributes and potencies.

Lord Krishna and His avatars or incarnations and expansions authorised in Vedic scriptures are the eternal protector of the Vedas and the principles of righteousness delineated very precisely and concisely in the Vedic scriptures as they all are verily righteousness personified.

The Primal Supreme Being the ancient of all.

The Vedic scriptures known as the Upanishads declare also that Lord Krishna is aksharam paramam the Supreme immutable ultimate reality and declared in the Vedic scriptures as that which is essential to be known.

The word veditavyam means He is only to be know by the absolute authority of the Vedas.

The word avyayah means that which is imperishable and can never be diminished for in whatever aspect or form or manifestation Lord Krishna wills to be that will eternally be existing.

The phrase sasvata-dharma- gopta means the Supreme Lord Krishna is the eternal preserver of eternal righteousness embodied in the Vedic scriptures.

This is done by Himself and by His authorised avatars o incarnations and expansions as revealed in Vedic scriptures such as Narayana, Rama, Vishnu, Narasimhadeva, Buddha etc.

The words sanatanas tvam puruso means Lord Krishna is the eternal spirit and primal consciousness of all creation as affirmed in the Taittriya Upanisad III.XII beginning vedaham etam purusam meaning I perceive the magnificent Purusa.

Also in the Mundaka Upanisad I.I.IV beginning dve vidye veditavye meaning : -

The Purusa is more sublime than the most sublime.

All this is as the ornament of the complete cosmic creation Lord Krishna exhibited His visvarupa or divine universal form and is understood as such.

Since the Supreme Lord Krishna's almighty power is beyond the material conception it is correctly stated in Vedic scriptures that He the Ultimate destination and what is to be known for seekers of moksa or liberation from material existence.

He alone is imperishable, the Supreme salvation for all living entities, the Supreme refuge without a second for all creation.

Therefore Lord Krishna is eternal, immutable, the preserver, the protector and the sustainer of sanatan dharma or the eternal spiritual principles of righteousness for all times and He is absolutely without a doubt the original Supreme Lord of all lords and created beings.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam- 6&7.


Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,

Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.

mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,

etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.

etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

The five great …

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.


amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;


indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,


indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;


asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;


Gita : Ch-2. Slo-56.

Srimad   Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )

Slokam-56. { One who is not disturbed in spite of the threefold miseries, who is not elated when there is happiness, and who is free from attachment, fear and anger, is called a sage of steady mind.}

Duhkheshvanudvignamanah    sukheshu     vigatasprhah,

Vitaragabhayakrodhah   sthitadhirmunirucyate.

duhkheshu  =  in   sorrows;

anudvignamanah  =   one   who  with  steady  mind ( balanced   mind, unshaken  mind, );

sukheshu  vigatasprhah  =  not  interested  in  happiness ( no desire  for happiness );

vitaragabhayakrodhah  muniah  =    free  from  attachments,  fear,  anger,  ( one  )  the muni (  Jnani  );

sthitadhirmunirucyate  =  is  called  as "Sthitah-prajnan" ( A  person   with  above   qualities ).

The Supreme Lord Krishna continuing the answer to the first question of slokam- 54 states that: He who is unperturbed, who is free from desires though amidst pleasures is not agitated even upon being put into misery because…