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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-33.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-33. (  Of letters I am the letter A, and among compounds I am the dual word. I am also inexhaustible time, and  I am ONE, whose manifold faces turn everywhere. )

aksharanamakarosmi  dvandvah  samasikasya  ca,

ahamevakshayah  kalah  dhataham  visvatomukhah.

aksharanam  akarh  =  of  letters  the  first  letter "A-karam"  ( A);

samasikasya  dvandvah   ca  asmi  =  of  two  things  of  equal  importance  and  easily  united  directly  ( compounds )  I  am  the Duel;

akshayah  kalah  aham  eva  =  I  am  the  Eternal  Time;

visvatomukhah  =  of  having  many  faces ( one  in  many  but   different  in  all );

dhata  aham  =  Dhata : ( Paramatma  the  sustainer the  vasanas   which  decide  the  individual's external world response ),  I  am.

Of letters of the alphabet, Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the letter A for it representing all speech is the foremost.

The Vedic scriptures declare that the letter A is all speech and takes many various forms when manifested from different parts of the body such as throat, nose, palate, abdomen etc. Of compound words His vibhuti is the dual compound such as Rama-Krishna which exemplifies the prominence of both.

Before in slokam 30 He stated that His vibhuti was time in terms of controller regarding the longevity of all created beings lifespan, in the finite sense; but here He reveals another aspect of time being His vibhuti in the infinite sense as an eternal ever flowing constancy.

That time determined the duration of a life and is terminated when the jiva or embodied being's life is terminated. While this time flows uninterrupted as infinite time.

Of creators His vibhuti is dhataham visvato- mukhah meaning the four faced Brahma who faces can see on all sides.

Among the sounds of speech from the various letters of all languages Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the sound represented by the first letter of the alphabet known as A.

Among different types of compounds in grammar His vibhuti is the dual compound whose both parts are complimentary yet independent. Among subjugators His vibhuti is all subjugating time terminating all existence in the form of Shiva at the time of universal destruction and of creators His vibhuti is visvato-mukhah the four- headed Brahma.

The Svetara Upanisad VI.XVI states  : -

He who is the knower and devourer of time the omniscient one possessing all auspicious attributes etc.

In the Udyoga Parva of Mahabharta it states : -

Lord Krishna incessantly revolves the wheel of time, the wheel of the worlds and the wheel of all dimensions by His vibhuti.

The Supreme Lord Krishna rules over all time, all death and all that is moving and non-moving. This is eternal truth.

Lord Krishna reveals that of the letters of the alphabet His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the Sanskrit letter A-kara which is the root of all other letters.

The Rig Veda, III.II.III in the Aitareya- Aranyaka section beginning akaro vai sarva-vak states that the letter A itself contains all speech.

An example of His vibhuti of dvandva or compound words are Rama-Krishna.

Samasikasya is the class of compound word forming in Sanskrit.

Of the several ways to compound Lord Krishna is the dual compound of which both terms are substantive attributes of equal position with each other grammatically.

His vibhuti is also expressed as ever flowing time composed of uninterrupted divisions such as kala a measurement of 8 seconds and muhurta a period comprising 1/60th of a 24 hour day.

Among secondary creators His vibhuti is the four headed dhataham known as Brahma.

 To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam- 6&7.


Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,

Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.

mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,

etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.

etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

The five great …

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.


amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;


indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,


indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;


asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;