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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-32.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-32. (  Of all creations I am the beginning and the end and also the middle, O Arjuna. Of all sciences I am the spiritual science of the Self, and among logicians I am the conclusive truth.)

sarganamadirantasca  madhyam   caivahamarjuna,

adhyatmavidya  vidyanam  vadah   pravadatamaham.

Arjuna  =  hey  Arjuna;

sarganam  adih  madhyam  =  in  creations  Beginning  and  Middle  and;

antah  ca  aham  eva  =  End  too  I  am;

vidyanam  adhyatmavidya  =  of  all  learnings/educations, Spiritual  learning/education  and;

pravadatam  =  of  those  people's debating / arguing;

 vadah  aham  =  Debates/Arguments,  I am  only.

Lord Krishna uses the word sarganam meaning of all created things.

Things that are created are creations.

Starting with the ether in the sky, then air, then fire, then water, then earth.

Of all these things which in different combinations comprise completely all material existence,

Lord Krishna is their beginning, middle and end.

In slokam 20 of this chapter Lord Krishna revealed that He is the origin, the preservation and the dissolution of all living entities but here He reveals that He is the beginning, the maintenance and the dissolution of all creations as well and that creation, preservation and destruction should be meditated upon as His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence.

The words adhyatma-vidya vidyanah are poignant and mean of all types of knowledge that exist Lord Krishna's vibhuti is the paramount knowledge of the eternal soul which exists within all living entities.

The three kinds of argumentation practised by the logicians and debaters are vada, jalpa and vitandi.

Lord Krishna declares that His vibhuti is vadah which is the irrefutable, conclusive truth.

When debating parties establish their individual hypothesis through direct and indirect proofs in the attempt to refute the hypothesis of each other through challa or circumvention and jati or false generalisations is know as jalpa.

When one party has an already established hypothesis and the opposing party ignoring truth and logic refutes it by superior arguments and faultfinding without establishing their own hypothesis is known as vitanda.

Both jalpa and vitanda are nothing more then displays of mental gymnastics and do not determine what is the reality. But the result of vadah is the ascertaining of truth and an unbiased non-partisan agreement of reality.

Lord Krishna states that His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is sarganam or creation as the beginning, middle and ending.

In slokam 20 of this chapter He revealed His vibhuti beginning, middle and ending of all living entities by the word bhutanam.

But here He is referring to the insentient process that manifests as creation itself for the benefit and welfare for all sentient beings.

Of all knowledge existing Lord Krishna's vibhuti is adhyatma-vidya or the supreme knowledge of the eternal soul which includes the Supreme Lord who bestowed its eternality and how to attain His eternal association which is the paramount attainment.

Lord Krishna declares of the three methods of debate being vadah, jalpa and vitanda His vibhuti is vadah which is the absolute conclusive reality determined by the logical method of discussion and debate regarding the pro and cons of things by those who are established in satya guna or the mode of goodness in order to determine and ascertain the ultimate truth of any topic.

Such beings are always free from passion and the duplicity of subterfuge and deception.

Jalpa is the method of argument which uses calculated criticism and superficial suppositions to invalidate the opposition in an underhanded manner and is like a hedge of sharp thorns purposely keeping out any chance for a conclusive truth.

Vitanda is the method of argument which uses false facts and absurd affirmations to destroy an opponents position without having ever established a position of their own.

The fallacy of jalpa and vitanda is that they falsify facts, distort truth and misrepresent reality for the purpose of inserting their own deceptive hidden agenda.

Lord Krishna reveals that His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is sarganam or creation.

Creation is the total sum of all things in existence and the Supreme Lord Krishna is the beginning or origin of all, the middle or preservation of all and the end or dissolution of all being the creator of everything.

Of the three forms of debate and argument His vibhuti known as vadah is the discriminating debate that results in knowledge of the absolute conclusive truth.

This is in opposition to the other two forms being jalpa which is an argument calculated to destroy the opposition at any cost even by deception and falsehood.

The other is vintana whose aim is to criticize and undermine the oppositions position without ever establishing any position.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …