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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-29.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-29. ( Lord further said : Of the celestial Naga snakes I am Ananta; of the aquatic deities I am Varuna. Of departed ancestors I am Aryama, and among the dispensers of law I am Yama, lord of death. )

anantascasmi  naganam  varuno  yadasamaham,

pitrnamaryama  casmi  yamah  samyamatamaham.

naganam  anantah  =  among  non-poisonous  snakes  Ananta  and;

yadasam  =  of  all  jala-devata-s  ( aquatic-deities );

varunah  aham  asmi  =    I  am  Varuna-devan  ( Lord  of  Rain,  Lord of water  sources,  Lord  of  Ocean) ;

pitrnam  aryama  =   of  the ancestors,  I  am  Aryama;

samyamatam  =  of   the  law,  (  punishing  authority ),   the  authority;

yamah  ca  aham  asmi  =  I  am  the  Yama  (  Lord of  Death / Punishment ).

Among non-poisonous serpents of many heads Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the divine snake Ananta endowed with the qualities of dispassion, mightiness, etc.

Among the controllers of the demigods who direct universal management His vibhuti is Yamaraja the demigod in charge of death who blesses the righteous and punishes the unrighteous.

Of Nagas or non-poisonous snakes, Lord Krishna vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is Ananta the divine serpent upon whose head unlimited universes revolve resembling the size of a mustard seed.

Of aquatics He is Varuna the ruler of the waters.

Of the manes or ancestors His vibhuti is Aryaman the king of the manes and of chastisers or those who mete out punishment Lord Krishna's vibhuti is Yamaraja the demigod in charge of death and punishment after death.

Among the many celestial Naga serpents, Ananta is the greatest, as is Varuṇa among the aquatics.

They both represent Krishna.

There is also a planet of trees presided over by Aryama, who represents Krishna.

There are many living entities who give punishment to the miscreants, and among them Yama is the chief.

Yama is situated in a planet near this earthly planet, and after death those who are very sinful are taken there, and Yama arranges different kinds of punishments for them.

Lord Krishna reveals that His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence among naganam is Ananta.

Naganam means non-poisonous serpents with many heads.

The word yadasam means aquatics or inhabitants of water and of punishers and chastisers His vibhuti is Yamaraja.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …