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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-30.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-30. ( Sri Krishna  : Among the Daitya demons ( Asura-s )  I am the devoted Prahlada; among subduers I am time; among the beasts I am the lion, and among birds I am Garuda, the feathered carrier of Vishnu. )

prahladacasmi  daityanam  kalah  kalayatam  aham,

mrganam  ca  mrgendroham  vainateyasca  pakshinam.

daityanam   prahladah  =  among  daityas  Prahladan  and;

kalayatam  kalah  =  among  measurements,  in  the  counting  way,  the  Time  and;

mrganam   mrgendrah  =  among  animals  Lion  and;

pakshinam  vainateyah  ca  =  among  birds, Garudan;

aham  asmi  =  ( all  mentioned  above  are )  I  am.

Diti and Aditi are two sisters.

The sons of Aditi are called Adityas, and the sons of Diti are called Daityas.

All the Adityas are devotees of the Lord, and all the Daityas are atheistic.

Although Prahlada was born in the family of the Daityas, he was a great devotee from his childhood.

Because of his devotional service and godly nature, he is considered to be a representative of Vishnu.

There are many subduing principles, but time wears down all things in the material universe and so represents Krishna.

Of the many animals, the lion is the most powerful and ferocious, and of the million varieties of birds, Garuda, the bearer of Lord Vishnu, is the greatest.

Among the Daityas or descendants of Diti who are of the demoniac line, Lord Krishna's vibhuti is the great devotee Prahlad whose name literally means one who makes the righteous happy and who is surrendered fully to the Supreme Lord with bhakti or exclusive loving devotion.

Among measurements His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is time the prime cause of all results and comprised of divisions such as seconds, minutes, hours, days, months, years, millenniums etc.

Among birds His vibhuti is Garuda the carrier of Vishnu.

Among those born in demoniac lines, Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the great devotee Prahlada who although in spite of being born from demonic parents was totally devoted to the Supreme Lord in loving devotion beginning when he was still in his mothers womb.

Of all controllers His vibhuti is time.

Of beasts His vibhuti is mrgendro the lion the king of all beasts and of birds His vibhuti is vainateyah or the son of Vinata known as Garuda the king of all birds and the Supreme Lords carrier.

Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence of subjugators is kalah or time.

Kalah also denotes mrtyu or death which is the most powerful subjugator subduing all.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …