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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-21.



From this slokam till the end of the chapter : - all  very important, study carefylly, to remember all  vibhuti-s, several repetitions of reading is necessary....

 Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-21.  ( Of the Adityas I am Vishnu, of lights I am the radiant sun, I am Marici of the Maruts, and among the stars I am the moon.)


"Commencing with this slokam until the conclusion of this chapter Lord Krishna reveals His prominent vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence."
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adityanamahamvishnuh  jyotisham  raviramsuman,



maricirmarutamasmi  nakshatranamaham   sasi.



adityanam   vishnuh  aham  =  of  the  Adityas  I  am  the  Vishnu;

jyotisham  =  of  all  luminaries;

amsuman  ravih  =  I  am  the  shining  bright  Sun;

marutam   maricih  asmi  =  of  the  marutthu-s  I  am  the  Marici;

nakshatranam  sasi  aham  =  of  the  stars  (  of  the  light  givers  in  the  night  )  I  am  the  Moon.


 The Supreme Lord Krishna is called Vishnu who is one of His primary incarnations because He pervades all spaces.

Vishva means all pervading and vish means entering into.

The Moksa Dharma states : -

That the Supreme Lord is the goal for all creatures and conscious beings.

By Him is the world and the sky enveloped and His glory is unlimited and immeasurable.

Abiding within all living entities He desires their preservation and best welfare.

Because of His strident all encompassing steps He is known as Trivikram another name for Vamanadeva an incarnation of Vishnu.

It should be noted that His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence of Marici is not referring to one of the ancient sages of antiquity.

His vibhuti of Marici is the primal breath that sweeps across all space preceding the Maruts which are the different types of powerful winds throughout the unlimited trillions of universes.

The Rig Veda I.XXII.XVIII beginning trini pada vi chakrame vishnur gopa adabhyah ato dharmani dharayan states :-

In three great strides Vishnu the protecter, who is undefeatable upholds the perennial principles of sanatan dharma or eternal righteousness.



Commencing with this slokam until the conclusion of this chapter Lord Krishna reveals His prominent vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence beginning with of the 12 Adityas He manifests Himself as Visnu incarnation manifesting in the form of the brahmin dwarf Vamana.

Of luminaries He is the solar orbs, the radiant suns whose shining rays illuminate the darkness of unlimited, innumerable universes.

Of the Maruts the seven groups of winds which flow throughout all space atmosphere, Lord Krishna is the wind known as Parivaha which precedes all the others and bears the name Marici.

It should not be misconstrued that Lord Krishna is talking about one of the six great sages who were mind born by Brahma also with the same name as that is not correct.

The words naksatranam aham sasi means that as the moon He is Lord over the 27 constellations beginning with Ashvini and ending with Revati due to the moon having a stronger influence.

In this slokam the word Vishnur is in the partitive case whereas in others the case ending is possessive.

Although form this slokam onwards the meanings are quite clear we shall show at selective slokam-s throughout this chapter that even with regard to incarnations of the Supreme Lord Krishna such as Vishnu, the intention of describing them shows that their superlative power is exemplified as also a part of His vibuti.



The 12 Adityas are revealed in the Vishnu Purana being : -

1. Dhatri, 2. Aryama, 3. Mitra, 4. Varuna, 5. Indra, 6. Vivasvan,7. Pushan, 8. Parjanya, 9. Amsu, 10. Bhaga, 11. Tvastri and 12. Vishnu.

The Supreme Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine transcendental opulence is the one bearing the name Vishnu who is chief of them all.

Of the lights that shine in the countless universes Lord Krishna's vibhuti is the solar group consisting of all suns.


Of the 7 Maruts being : -

1. Avaha, 2. Prahava, 3. Nivaha, 4. Purvaha, 5. Udvaha, 6. Samvaha and 7. Parivaha,

who are different varieties of winds blowing throughout space, Lord Krishna's vibhuti is the chief wind known as Parivaha who bears the name Marici the primal wind which precedes all the others.


Of all constellations Lord Krishna's vibhuti is the moon.

The genitive case of the word sasi meaning moon is not referring to one out of many but is specifying one over all.

Thus naksatranam aham sasi refers to the moon as being the Lord over all the constellations.

This will also be exemplified similarly in the next slokam where He states His vibhuti is the consciousness in all beings which means that what exists as consciousness apart from intelligence is His vibhuti also.



From now until the end of the chapter the Supreme Lord Krishna enumerates His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence.

He reveals He is Vishnu of the 12 Adityas, All solar orbs whose rays illuminates unlimited galaxies and universes.

He is the Parivaha wind which precedes all the others throughout space bearing the name Marici and among naksatranams or different constellations exercising their sphere of influence Lord Krishna is the moon which is superior to all of them in influence.

To be continued  ....



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(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.



arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;


param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.


sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

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Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)


jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,


anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.



jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

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(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


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ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

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3.1
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