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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-26.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-26.( Lord Krishna adds : "Of all trees I am the holy fig tree, and amongst sages and demigods I am Narada. Of the singers of the gods [Gandharvas] I am Citraratha, and among perfected beings I am the sage Kapila.")

asvatthah  sarvavrkshanam  devarshinam  ca  naradah,

gandharvanam  citrarathah  siddhanam  kapilo munih.

sarvavrkshanam  asvatthah  =  of  all  trees,  the  Banyan /Fig tree;

devarshinam  naradah  =  of  all  sages  amongst  demigods, Narada;

gandharvanam  citrarathah  =  of  all  Gandarva-s,  Citraratha;

siddhanam  kapilo munih  ca  =  of  all  well  perfect  persons, Kapila muni  too  Me.

Lord Krishna states the word siddhanam meaning of perfected beings, His vibhuti is Kapila the son of Devahuti.

The name Kapila is very interesting.

Ka means of wonderful form, pi means to nuture and la means to absorb the worlds.

The words priti or love, sukham or pleasure and ananda or bliss are corresponding words.

The avatar Kapila having complete awareness knows past, present and future.

In the Bavravya section is stated :- Kapiladeva is aware of all that was born previously, all that is being born now and all that will be born subsequently.

Through immeasurable pleasure, through nourishment, through bliss and through Kapiladeva can be known.

Of trees Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the Asvtthah or sacred Banyan tree.

Of celestial sages being those who as demigods became proficient in singing Vedic hymns and promulgating bhakti or exclusive loving devotion to the Supreme Lord, His vibhuti is Narada.

And among those who from their very birth were knowledgeable of the Ultimate Truth and perfected beings, His vibhuti is the saint known as Kapiladeva the son of Devahuti.

Of trees Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the sacred Asvattha worshippable by everyone.

Of elevated sages His vibhuti is Narada because of his phenomenal level of bhakti or exclusive loving devotion unto the Supreme Lord.

Among trees Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the Asvattha or the sacred Banyan tree also called the holy fig tree and known as Ficus Bengalensis.

Among celestial sages His vibhuti is Narada of exceptional bhakti or loving devotion.

Of the Gandarvas or celestial singers and musicians His vibhuti is Citraratha of outstanding singing.

Of perfected beings who have since inception acquired spiritual wisdom, dispassion, renunciation etc. and are endowed with great purity, holiness and enlightenment possessing all siddhis or supernatural powers, His vibhuti is Kapiladeva the son of Kardama Muni and Devahuti.

The fig tree (asvattha) is one of the most beautiful and highest trees, and people in India often worship it as one of their daily morning rituals.

Amongst the demigods they also worship Narada, who is considered the greatest devotee in the universe.

Thus he is the representation of Krishna as a devotee.

The Gandharva planet is filled with entities who sing beautifully, and among them the best singer is Citraratha.

Amongst the perpetually living entities, Kapila is considered an incarnation of Krishna, and His philosophy is mentioned in the Srimad-Bhagavatam.

Later on another Kapila became famous, but his philosophy was atheistic.

Thus there is a gulf of difference between them.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …