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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-26.



Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-26.( Lord Krishna adds : "Of all trees I am the holy fig tree, and amongst sages and demigods I am Narada. Of the singers of the gods [Gandharvas] I am Citraratha, and among perfected beings I am the sage Kapila.")


asvatthah  sarvavrkshanam  devarshinam  ca  naradah,


gandharvanam  citrarathah  siddhanam  kapilo munih.


sarvavrkshanam  asvatthah  =  of  all  trees,  the  Banyan /Fig tree;

devarshinam  naradah  =  of  all  sages  amongst  demigods, Narada;

gandharvanam  citrarathah  =  of  all  Gandarva-s,  Citraratha;

siddhanam  kapilo munih  ca  =  of  all  well  perfect  persons, Kapila muni  too  Me.


Lord Krishna states the word siddhanam meaning of perfected beings, His vibhuti is Kapila the son of Devahuti.

The name Kapila is very interesting.

Ka means of wonderful form, pi means to nuture and la means to absorb the worlds.

The words priti or love, sukham or pleasure and ananda or bliss are corresponding words.

The avatar Kapila having complete awareness knows past, present and future.

In the Bavravya section is stated :- Kapiladeva is aware of all that was born previously, all that is being born now and all that will be born subsequently.

Through immeasurable pleasure, through nourishment, through bliss and through Kapiladeva can be known.


Of trees Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the Asvtthah or sacred Banyan tree.

Of celestial sages being those who as demigods became proficient in singing Vedic hymns and promulgating bhakti or exclusive loving devotion to the Supreme Lord, His vibhuti is Narada.

And among those who from their very birth were knowledgeable of the Ultimate Truth and perfected beings, His vibhuti is the saint known as Kapiladeva the son of Devahuti.


Of trees Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the sacred Asvattha worshippable by everyone.

Of elevated sages His vibhuti is Narada because of his phenomenal level of bhakti or exclusive loving devotion unto the Supreme Lord.


Among trees Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the Asvattha or the sacred Banyan tree also called the holy fig tree and known as Ficus Bengalensis.

Among celestial sages His vibhuti is Narada of exceptional bhakti or loving devotion.

Of the Gandarvas or celestial singers and musicians His vibhuti is Citraratha of outstanding singing.

Of perfected beings who have since inception acquired spiritual wisdom, dispassion, renunciation etc. and are endowed with great purity, holiness and enlightenment possessing all siddhis or supernatural powers, His vibhuti is Kapiladeva the son of Kardama Muni and Devahuti.


The fig tree (asvattha) is one of the most beautiful and highest trees, and people in India often worship it as one of their daily morning rituals.

Amongst the demigods they also worship Narada, who is considered the greatest devotee in the universe.

Thus he is the representation of Krishna as a devotee.

The Gandharva planet is filled with entities who sing beautifully, and among them the best singer is Citraratha.

Amongst the perpetually living entities, Kapila is considered an incarnation of Krishna, and His philosophy is mentioned in the Srimad-Bhagavatam.

Later on another Kapila became famous, but his philosophy was atheistic.

Thus there is a gulf of difference between them.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
The five great …

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.

(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.



arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;


param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.


sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.

13/04/2017

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.

(8)

amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;

(9)

indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,

janmamrtyujaravyadhiduhkhadoshanudarsanam.

indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;

(10).

asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;

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