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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-31.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-31. (  Of purifiers I am the wind; of the wielders of weapons I am Rama; of fishes I am the shark, and of flowing rivers I am the Ganges.)

pavanah  pavatamasmi  ramah  sastrabhrtamaham,

jhashanam  makarascasmi  srotasamasmi  jahnavi.

 pavatam  pavanah  =  of all that purifies, the  wind;

sastrabhrtam  ramah  =  of the carriers of weapons, Sri Raman;

jhashanam  makarah  =  among  the  fish, Makara-Matsyam  ( Shark-Fish);

srotasam  jahnavi  ca  =  among  rivers,  Ganges  ( river Ganga );        

aham  asmi  =  ( all  the  above  are )  I  am.

Of all the fish the shark is one of the biggest and is certainly the most dangerous to man.

Thus the shark represents Krishna.

And of rivers, the greatest in India is the Mother Ganges.

Lord Ramacandra, of the Ramayanam, an incarnation of Maha Vishnu, is the mightiest of warriors.

Among purifiers Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the swift moving wind.

Among weapon wielding warriors His vibhuti is the valiant hero Rama who is a lila avatar or divine pastime incarnation of the Supreme Lord Krishna being His catur-vyuya expansion Vasudeva.

One should never think that Rama born of King Dasaratha in the solar line of the exalted Raghu dynasty is non-different from the Supreme Lord Krishna except in rasa or mood.

The word Rama may also be interpreted to be Parasurama the son of Jamadagni and Renuka, who was a sakyavesa avatar or empowered incarnation of Lord Krishna who slew all the kshatriyas 21 times with His mighty axe.

Among rivers His vibhuti is jahnavi the daughter of the sage Jahnu known as the holy river Ganges.

 Lord Krishna reveals that of things that purify and things that are the swiftest His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the wind.

The words sastra-bhrtam means weapon wielding heroes of which His vibhuti is Rama but unlike other vibhuti which are indirect.

Rama is an avatar or direct incarnation of the Supreme Lord Krishna who manifests Himself as Rama the paragon of weapon wielding heroes.

Indirect vibhutis such as the Maruts or the Vasus are still jivas or embodied souls even though imbued with a filament of the Supreme Lords potency.

In relationship to the Supreme Lord they are exactly like potencies serving Him as the weapons wielded by Rama are likewise serving Him.

Of purifiers Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the wind. Of wielders of weapons His vibhuti is Parasurama who slew in battle all the ksatriyas or warriors class 21 times with His mighty axe. Among fish His vibhuti is a particular fish that can swallow a whole whale and lives in the deepest part of the ocean known as Makara and amongst all rivers, Lord Krishna's vibhuti is jahnavi a name of the holy Ganga.

Being of the form of ananda or bliss, being completely spiritual of Himself, being the delighter of the people Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is known as Rama.

In the Shandilya section it states: Of blissful form, unlimited, from whom the world revels is known as Rama.

Ra and ama are the root and together as Rama mean exceedingly pleasing to all.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam- 6&7.


Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,

Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.

mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,

etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.

etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

The five great …

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.


amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;


indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,


indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;


asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;


Gita : Ch-2. Slo-56.

Srimad   Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )

Slokam-56. { One who is not disturbed in spite of the threefold miseries, who is not elated when there is happiness, and who is free from attachment, fear and anger, is called a sage of steady mind.}

Duhkheshvanudvignamanah    sukheshu     vigatasprhah,

Vitaragabhayakrodhah   sthitadhirmunirucyate.

duhkheshu  =  in   sorrows;

anudvignamanah  =   one   who  with  steady  mind ( balanced   mind, unshaken  mind, );

sukheshu  vigatasprhah  =  not  interested  in  happiness ( no desire  for happiness );

vitaragabhayakrodhah  muniah  =    free  from  attachments,  fear,  anger,  ( one  )  the muni (  Jnani  );

sthitadhirmunirucyate  =  is  called  as "Sthitah-prajnan" ( A  person   with  above   qualities ).

The Supreme Lord Krishna continuing the answer to the first question of slokam- 54 states that: He who is unperturbed, who is free from desires though amidst pleasures is not agitated even upon being put into misery because…