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Gita : Ch-11. Slo-9.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-11. ( Visvarupa-darsana-yogam )


Sanjaya uvaca :

evamuktva  tato  rajan  mahayogesvara  harih,

darsayamasa  parthaya  paramam  rupamaisvaram.

Sanjaya uvaca = Sanjaya said (to King Dhritarashtra);

rajan = hey King;

mahayogesvara harih = Sri Krishna the maha-yoga-eswaran ( the Supreme Great Lord );

evam  utva  tatah = after saying this way;

paramam aisvaram rupam = the Supreme Eternal form;

parthaya darsayamasa = showed ( displayed ) to Arjuna.

Sanjaya is now speaking to King Dhritarashtra summarised in six slokas that the Supreme Lord Krishna being earnestly requested with devotion to reveal His phenomenal, awe inspiring visvarupa or divine universal form, gave Arjuna the prerequisite divine vision to see it and then exhibited His almighty transcendental form in its entirety.

This is what is understood by the word evam meaning in this way.

Then the omnipotent Lord Krishna who is being referred to by the name Hari or He who takes away all inauspiciousness from His devotees displayed His supreme, divine universal form to His devotee Arjuna, the son of His father Vasudeva's sister who is known as Pritha or Kunti.

Having bequeathed the supernatural eyes of illumination the Supreme Lord Krishna exhibited His almighty, omnipotent, transcendental visvarupa or divine universal form.

The description of this universal form is what is being described in this verse and the next five verses by Sanjaya, who was also given divine sight to see it by Vedavyasa.

The Supreme Lord Krishna is known as Hari because He removes all inauspiciousness from His devotees.

Also He is known as Hari as He is the ultimate recipient of all acts of worship and propitiation partaking of the libation known as ida as well as the sanctified vegetarian food offered by the householders to the Supreme Lord.

And another annotation of Hari found in the Moksa Dharma is that as His complexion is the most radiant of the blue colors He is known as Hari as well.

Thus declaring it to be, the Supreme Lord Krishna who out of affection for His devotee accepted the post of charioteer.

The Supreme Lord of all lords accepting the position as Arjuna's first cousin being that Vasudeva was the brother his mother.

The Supreme Being and ultimate personality, the epicentre of all perfection and magnificence.

The Sovereign Lord of all power, the glorious Harih or the Supreme Lord who removes all inauspiciousness from His devotee, now exhibited His divine, transcendental, extraordinary and phenomenal, almighty visvarupa or divine universal form across the complete visible cosmos, indomitable.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …