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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-35.

Swami Chinmayananda before Sannyasa, while under his Guru

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10.  (  Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-35.  ( Of hymns I am the Brhat-sama sung to the Lord Indra, and of poetry I am the Gayatri Mantram, sung daily by devotees. Of months I am November and December, and of seasons I am flower-bearing spring.)

brhatsama  tatha  samnam  gayatri  chandasamaham,

masanam   margasirshoham   rtunam   kusumakarah.

tatha  =  in  that  way  (also );

samnam  brhatsamah  =  among  sama  songs  bratsamam;

 chandasam gayatri  =among  mantam, Gayari Mntram;

masanam  marghasirshah  =  among  months, November / December;

rtunam    kusumakarah  =  among  seasons,  Spring;

aham ( asmi )  =  I  am.

Previously in slokam 22 Lord Krishna revealed that His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence from the Vedas is the Sama Veda.

Now He specifies that His vibhuti within the Sama Veda is the hymn known as Brhat-Sama indicated in the Rig Veda VI.XXXXVI.I beginning tvam rddhim havamahe meaning O'Indra we invoke you.

This hymn is a very wonderfully sublime auspicious hymn with a very beautiful melody glorifying the Supreme Lord when He assumed the position of Indra during His manvantara incarnation as Dharmasetu.

Of mantras composed in long and short meters His vibhuti is the Gayatri mantras which Vedic initiates attain Brahmin status and who then by chanting in the three regulated periods of the day being before sunrise, midday and after sunset perform the three sacred sacrifices which are the lifetime duty of every Brahmin.

It is also chanted while the Soma ritual is being performed by the demigods.

Lord Krishna has already revealed inslokam 22 that of the four Vedas, His vibhuti ot divine, transcendental opulence is the Sama Veda.

Now here in this slokam He reveals that of all the hymns of all the Vedas, His vibhuti is the Brhad Sama.

This hymn is chanted at the conclusion of auspicious Vedic ceremonies and praises Lord Krishna's when He assumed the post of Indra the ruler of the demigods during His manvantara incarnation as Dharmasetu.

Of chandasam or mantras composed in poetical meter Lord Krishna's vibhuti is the Gayatri mantra which is the best as by its efficacy it confers Brahmin status on the qualified initiate.

It is also sung at the time of picking the Soma plant by the demigods.

Of months His vibhuti is Margasirsa when the grains are harvested and of seasons His vibhuti is the spring season.

Lord Krishna reveals that among the hymns in His vibhuti or His divine, transcendental opulence the Sama Veda, His foremost vibhuti is the Brihat- sama which is a special prayer that is indicated in the Rig Veda VI.XXXXVI.I beginning tvam rddhim havamahe and glorifies the post of Indra the ruler of all the demigods during the time when the Supreme Lord Himself assumes that position as He did in the case of His manavatara incarnation of Dharmasetu.

The word marga-sirsah refers to harvesting month of grains which is His vibhuti and the word rtunam means season and the word kusumakarah means flowery which means His vibhuti is the springtime.

To be continued  ..


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …