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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-35.

Swami Chinmayananda before Sannyasa, while under his Guru

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10.  (  Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-35.  ( Of hymns I am the Brhat-sama sung to the Lord Indra, and of poetry I am the Gayatri Mantram, sung daily by devotees. Of months I am November and December, and of seasons I am flower-bearing spring.)


brhatsama  tatha  samnam  gayatri  chandasamaham,


masanam   margasirshoham   rtunam   kusumakarah.


tatha  =  in  that  way  (also );

samnam  brhatsamah  =  among  sama  songs  bratsamam;

 chandasam gayatri  =among  mantam, Gayari Mntram;

masanam  marghasirshah  =  among  months, November / December;

rtunam    kusumakarah  =  among  seasons,  Spring;

aham ( asmi )  =  I  am.


Previously in slokam 22 Lord Krishna revealed that His vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence from the Vedas is the Sama Veda.

Now He specifies that His vibhuti within the Sama Veda is the hymn known as Brhat-Sama indicated in the Rig Veda VI.XXXXVI.I beginning tvam rddhim havamahe meaning O'Indra we invoke you.

This hymn is a very wonderfully sublime auspicious hymn with a very beautiful melody glorifying the Supreme Lord when He assumed the position of Indra during His manvantara incarnation as Dharmasetu.

Of mantras composed in long and short meters His vibhuti is the Gayatri mantras which Vedic initiates attain Brahmin status and who then by chanting in the three regulated periods of the day being before sunrise, midday and after sunset perform the three sacred sacrifices which are the lifetime duty of every Brahmin.

It is also chanted while the Soma ritual is being performed by the demigods.


Lord Krishna has already revealed inslokam 22 that of the four Vedas, His vibhuti ot divine, transcendental opulence is the Sama Veda.

Now here in this slokam He reveals that of all the hymns of all the Vedas, His vibhuti is the Brhad Sama.

This hymn is chanted at the conclusion of auspicious Vedic ceremonies and praises Lord Krishna's when He assumed the post of Indra the ruler of the demigods during His manvantara incarnation as Dharmasetu.

Of chandasam or mantras composed in poetical meter Lord Krishna's vibhuti is the Gayatri mantra which is the best as by its efficacy it confers Brahmin status on the qualified initiate.

It is also sung at the time of picking the Soma plant by the demigods.

Of months His vibhuti is Margasirsa when the grains are harvested and of seasons His vibhuti is the spring season.


Lord Krishna reveals that among the hymns in His vibhuti or His divine, transcendental opulence the Sama Veda, His foremost vibhuti is the Brihat- sama which is a special prayer that is indicated in the Rig Veda VI.XXXXVI.I beginning tvam rddhim havamahe and glorifies the post of Indra the ruler of all the demigods during the time when the Supreme Lord Himself assumes that position as He did in the case of His manavatara incarnation of Dharmasetu.

The word marga-sirsah refers to harvesting month of grains which is His vibhuti and the word rtunam means season and the word kusumakarah means flowery which means His vibhuti is the springtime.

To be continued  ..


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
The five great …

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.

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Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.

(8)

amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;

(9)

indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,

janmamrtyujaravyadhiduhkhadoshanudarsanam.

indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;

(10).

asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;

anab…

Gita : Ch-2. Slo-56.

Srimad   Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )


Slokam-56. { One who is not disturbed in spite of the threefold miseries, who is not elated when there is happiness, and who is free from attachment, fear and anger, is called a sage of steady mind.}




Duhkheshvanudvignamanah    sukheshu     vigatasprhah,


Vitaragabhayakrodhah   sthitadhirmunirucyate.




duhkheshu  =  in   sorrows;

anudvignamanah  =   one   who  with  steady  mind ( balanced   mind, unshaken  mind, );

sukheshu  vigatasprhah  =  not  interested  in  happiness ( no desire  for happiness );

vitaragabhayakrodhah  muniah  =    free  from  attachments,  fear,  anger,  ( one  )  the muni (  Jnani  );

sthitadhirmunirucyate  =  is  called  as "Sthitah-prajnan" ( A  person   with  above   qualities ).





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