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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-37.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. (  Vibhuthi-yogam )

Slokam-37.  (  Of the descendants of Vrishni I am Vasudeva, and of the Pandavas I am Arjuna. Of the sages I am Vyasa, and among great thinkers I am Usana. )

vrshninam  vasudevosmi  pandavanam  dhananjayah,

muninamapyaham  vyasah  kavinamusana  kavih.

vrshninam  vasudevh  =  of the descendants of  Vrshni-s,  Sri  Krishna  and;

pandavanam  dhananjayah  =  among  Pandava-s,  Arjunan  and;

muninam   vyasah  =  of  the  Sages,  Vyasan  and;

kavinam  usanah  kavih  =  of  the  great  scholors  ( thinkers ),  Usanass  ( Sukran)  and;

api  aham  asmi  =  (  all  those  above  including  the  scholor  )  I  am.

Enveloping everything or containing all, abiding in all and the goal of all Lord Krishna is known as Vasu, Being the God of all gods He is known as deva.

Thus He is Vasudeva and a vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence of Lord Krishna.

The Moksa Dharma scripture states :-

Enveloping all creation He illuminates it just like the rays of the sun as the indwelling monitor within all living entities,

He is therefore known as Vasudeva. Being especially in all things as the best of them,

His vibhuti is Vyasa.

The Agniveshya section states :-

He is Vyasa. Vy means the best.

He is above, He is below, He is in the east, He is in the west, He is in the north and He is in the south.

Whatever we see or hear in any direction externally or internally in all dimensions is already established by the Supreme Lord.

Of the Vrishnis or His apparent lineage, Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is Vasudeva which means the son of Vasudeva.

It would not be acceptable for Lord Krishna to be naming Himself because He is describing His vibhuti and so the only other son of Vasudeva is Balarama who is Lord Krishna's first and foremost expansion and who expands as all the other incarnations with the exception of Narayana the ruler of all the spiritual planets in the spiritual realm of Vaikuntha who is Lord Krishna's direct expansion.

Of holy sages or those who are knowledgeable of all the Vedic scriptures Lord Krishna's vibhuti is Vyasadeva who divided the one Veda into four, wrote the Puranas and Brahma Sutras and compiled the historical treatise Mahabharata.

Of exalted seers or those who are omniscient His vibhuti is Usanah the son of Brgu who is known as Sukracarya the guru of the asuras or those born in demonic lines.

Among the descendants of the Vrishni lineage Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence is the son of Vasudeva.

As Lord Krishna is describing His vibhuti it is not logical that He would be would be referring to Himself.

The only other son of Vasudeva is Balarama who is the first expansion of Lord Krishna and the direct source of all other avataras or incarnations including Rama and Vishnu.

So Lord Krishna's vibhuti as the son of Vasudeva is the all powerful Balarama.

Lord Krishna declares that among the Pandavas His vibhuti is Arjuna and among self-realised sages His vibhuti is Vedavyasa and among seers or those who are omniscient His vibhuti is Usanah better known as Sukracarya, the preceptor of those born in demoniac lines.

The Vrishni lineage descends from King Yayati and Queen Devayani from which Vasudeva is the sixth generation of descendants.

Lord Krishna's vibhuti or divine, transcendental opulence cannot be referring to Himself as the son of Vasudeva because He is describing His vibhuti.

The only other son of Vasudeva is Balarama who is Lord Krishna's first expansion and manifests every incarnation including Vishnu.

So Balarama is the vibhuti referred to here.

Of sages or those who have realised the ultimate truth His vibhuti is Vedavyasa. Kavayah are those seers who are omniscient.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …