Gita : Ch-2. Slo-64.




Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )


Slokam-64.
(One   who    has   the   self-control   on   his   atma, then   is   free   from  like/desire/attachment/ dislike/hatred/detachment,  next   has   his    actions/activities     under   his   control;  with  his   sense-organs ....even though   enjoying /experiencing    sensuous    objects,    attains,    the    joy    of    peace   (   blessing    of    the   Lord  ).  




Ragadveshaviyuktaistu     vishayanindriyaiscaran,



Atmavasaisyairvidheyatma      prasadamadhigacchati.




vidheyatma   =   one  who  has   the  self- control  ( on    his    atma  );

ragadveshaviyuktah   =   and   who  is   free   from  like/desire/attachment/ dislike/hatred/detachment;

atmavasaiyah   =   and    who   has  the  actions/activities  under his  control  over;
     
indriyaih   =    (his )  Sense-organs  (  with   them );

vishayanindriyaiscaran    tu   =   ( but ) Even   though   enjoying /experiencing    sensuous    objects;

prasadamadhigacchati   =    ( he )  attains,   the   joy   of   peace  ( blessing  of  the Lord ).  




Lord Krishna is revealing how one is able to triumph over the senses in the latter part of the verse. He states that even while experiencing the senses if one has their mind under firm control the senses are also under firm control and one becomes successful. This is verified by the word prasade which devotes success achieved by the mercy of the Supreme Lord.


Here Lord Krishna is explaining that there is no difficulty in the absence of control of the senses if the mind is firmly under control. This answers the last question of, How does such a one walk or act? The particle tu meaning but denotes a difference from what was stated earlier. The self- controlled aspirant who has their firmly under control while experiencing various sense objects through their disciplined senses which are free from aversion and attraction, achieves placidity and tranquillity of mind. This means that the mind has becomes purified.


Previously in slokam-61 Lord Krishna has declared that who ever meditates exclusively on Him as the Lord of all, being the soul within all hearts, then by this all impurities are eradicated and the mind becomes clear, expunging all desires. Here he says that the senses become destitute and barren of all cravings and aversions when they are mastered by the mind in this manner. Rejecting all desires for sensual objects with a mind firmly under control, one achieves lucidity of mind along with inner purity and blissfulness.


It may be further submitted that since it is impossible to control the senses who by their very nature tend to be drawn towards senses objects, it would be extremely difficult to overcome these defects; so where is the possibility of attaining steady wisdom. Apprehending such doubts Lord Krishna states in this verse and the next where he clarifies that one who is free from both attachment and aversion although amidst sense objects attains the mercy of the Supreme Lord. Here Arjunas fourth question is being answered concerning how one of steady wisdom experiences sense objects. The answer given in this verse is that one experiences sense objects with ones sense under control.

To be continued  ...


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