Gita : Ch-2. Slo-49. Part-1.
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )
Slokam-49. Lord talks about 'Bhuddhi-yogam'
Durenna hyavaram karmma buddhiyogaaddhananjaya,
buddhau saranamanviccha krpannah phalahetavah.
dhananjaya! = hey Arjuna!
karmma buddhiyogaat = all activities ( actions / works ) with desire, with respect to bhuddhiyogam;
durenna avaram hi = are certainly very inferior only;
(tasmaat ) buddhau = hence on intelligence ( bhuddhi ) --knowledge ( Jnanam ),
saranam anviccha = surrender yourself;
phalahetavah krpannah = those work with greed on the fruits of their work, are worst and low.
In the slokam Lord Krishna prescribes to endeavour for equanimity revealing that the path is by yoga and by wisdom. Avaram means abominable and durena means to discard; so discarding all fruitive activities one should adhere to spiritual intelligence and remain steadfast in wisdom. One whose only objective is based on fruitive desires wishes to enjoy the rewards of their actions and is degraded.
For all living entities the Supreme Lord is the only refuge. When this realisation finally dawns upon the intellect of a living entity whether they are ignorant, wise or liberated they surrender unto the Supreme Lord without reservation. Those who in delusion consider themselves the same as the Supreme Lord Krishna who is distinctly different due to His inconceivable potencies and transcendental attributes, descend to the hellish worlds of darkness without a doubt. They are doomed to eternal damnation in hellish conditions.
In the Narada Purana it is stated:
Those who see a separation in the Supreme Lord Krishna from His name, form, attributes, pastimes, incarnations and those who deride and seek to diminish the glory of the Supreme Lord Krishna's devotees sink to an existence in the hellish worlds of darkness.
O Dhanañjaya, rid yourself of all fruitive activities by devotional service, and surrender fully to that consciousness. Those who want to enjoy the fruits of their work are degraded.
Actions initiated by desire for rewards are debased and abominable. Actions performed in spiritual intelligence by the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the Ultimate Consciousness are far superior. Therefore perform actions in spiritual intelligence and take complete shelter of the Supreme Lord. But those who are impelled and motivated by desire have only misery and wretchedness. For the Brihad- aranyaka Upanisad 3.8.10 states: Whoever departs from this Earth having no knowledge of the Supreme Lord is in a miserable condition.
One performing actions with the thought of receiving rewards gets the desired resultant. This appears positive but it is repeatedly denounced. Why? Because actions performed due to selfish motives are inferior to actions performed due to selfless motives. Selfless motives are balanced in equanimity. Equanimity possesses a determinate consciousness. Because of this reality one should seek the shelter of evenness of mind in equanimity. Arjuna had acquired so many riches before naturally following his duty so why should he try to avoid his duty worrying about success or failure. Those motivated to perform activities craving only to get a reward for their actions are inferior and wretched.
One who has actually come to understand one's constitutional position as the eternal servitor of the Lord gives up all engagements save working in consciousness. As already explained, buddhi-yogam means transcendental loving service to the Lord. Such devotional service is the right course of action for the living entity. Only low minded desire to enjoy the fruit of their own work just to be further entangled in material bondage. Except for work in consciousness, all activities are abominable because they continually bind the worker to the cycle of birth and death. One should therefore never desire to be the cause of work. Everything should be done in consciousness for the satisfaction of the Lord. Misers do not know how to utilize the assets of riches which they acquire by good fortune or by hard labor. One should spend all energies working in consciousness, and that will make one's life successful. Like the misers, unfortunate persons do not employ their human energy in the service of the Lord.
To be continued ...