(Very important slokam )
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-12. ( Bhakti-yogam )
Slokam-12. ( If you cannot take to this practice, then engage yourself in the cultivation of knowledge. Better than knowledge, however, is meditation, and better than meditation is renunciation of the fruits of action, for by such renunciation one can attain peace of mind.)
sreyo hi jnanam abhyasat jnanaddhyanam visisyate,
dhyanat karmaphalatyagah tyagacchantiranantaram.
abhyasat = than practice ( abhyasam );
jnanam sreyah hi = Jnanam ( knowledge ) is superior;
jnanat = than jnanam;
dhyanam visisyate = dhyanam ( meditation ) is superior;
dhyanat = than dyanam;
karma-phala-tyagah ( sreyah) = sacrificing / renunciation of the fruits of karmam, is far superior;
tyagat anantaram = from such renunciation thereafter soon without delay;
santih = attain peace.
The Kashayana section states :- Superior to meditation with knowledge is non-attachment to performing actions for rewards and the renunciation of the rewards of actions coupled with bhakti or exclusive devotion to the Supreme Lord.
Not by renunciation alone is moksa or liberation from material existence possible neither is it possible by meditation with renunciation.
It only manifests when they both are in association with bhakti to the Supreme Lord Krishna through the medium of the spiritual master from one of the four authorised sampradayas or empowered channels of disciplic succession as revealed in Vedic scriptures.
Otherwise it would be like praising renunciation and meditation by themselves and that is not correct for the reality is that only by bhakti is success guaranteed.
An example is that in battle soldiers fight for the kingdom and win the war but the success is deemed attributed to the efforts of the king alone, bhakti is like this.
To be continued ....