(Very important slokam )
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-12. ( Bhakti-yogam )
Slokam-12. ( If you cannot take to this practice, then engage yourself in the cultivation of knowledge. Better than knowledge, however, is meditation, and better than meditation is renunciation of the fruits of action, for by such renunciation one can attain peace of mind.)
sreyo hi jnanam abhyasat jnanaddhyanam visisyate,
dhyanat karmaphalatyagah tyagacchantiranantaram.
abhyasat = than practice ( abhyasam );
jnanam sreyah hi = Jnanam ( knowledge ) is superior;
jnanat = than jnanam;
dhyanam visisyate = dhyanam ( meditation ) is superior;
dhyanat = than dyanam;
karma-phala-tyagah ( sreyah) = sacrificing / renunciation of the fruits of karmam, is far superior;
tyagat anantaram = from such renunciation thereafter soon without delay;
santih = attain peace.
So divine knowledge also associated with renunciation is also recommended.
But superior to even renunciation of the rewards of actions is complete equanimity to all actions.
So wisdom is the determining factor for the method implemented and is naturally based on qualification and level of development.
Renunciation has been expounded upon in previous chapters but now it is being elucidated as an adjunct with meditation.
The Gaupavana section states: Superior to meditation without renunciation is meditation with renunciation.
It is logical that the importance of renunciation should be deemed worthy of application to meditation for superior to meditation with knowledge is meditation with knowledge exhibiting renunciation of the rewards of meditation for this leads to complete equanimity regarding all actions.
Otherwise it could never be possible to achieve peace of mind if one failed to renounce the desire for results and was always hankering for rewards and this is what is being affirmed by Lord Krishna.
To be continued ....