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Gita : Ch-5. Slo-29.





Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )


Slokam-29. ( The sages, knowing Me as the ultimate purpose of all sacrifices and austerities, the Supreme Lord of all planets and demigods and the benefactor and well-wisher of all living entities, attain peace from the pangs of material miseries.)




Bhoktaram   yajnatapasam   sarvalokamahesvaram,


suhrdam   sarvabhutanam   jnatva   mam  santimrcchati.




yajnatapasam  bhoktaram  =  being  beneficiary  of  sacrifices,  penances  and  austerities;

sarvalokamahesvaram  =  Supreme  Lord  of  all  worlds;

sarvabhutanam  suhrdam  =  friendly  with  all  living  entities;

mam   jnatva  =  thus  knowing  me;

santim  rcchati  =  yogi  attains  peace.




Now the question may arise as to how one may achieve moksham or liberation from material existence by merely controlling the mind and senses in this way?

Lord Krishna spoke this verse to confirm that moksa is attained by knowledge and not merely by control of the mind and senses.

The words jnatva mam which means knowing Lord Krishna as sarva-loka mahesvaram or the sovereign lord of all the worlds and knowing Lord Krishna as suhrdam sarva- bhutanam the benevolent well-wisher of all living beings.

This knowledge is essential and one who comprehends this knowledge along with performing yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness becomes qualified to attain moksham.



Thus the entire scope of selfless actions such as yagnas offerings of worship to the Supreme Lord, various practices of austerities along with processes of augmenting knowledge culminates in to equanimity, detachment from worldliness and atma tattva or realisation of the soul.

These results are not attained independently but must come through true accurate knowledge of the Supreme Lord Krishna, who is the sole bestower of all rewards and the sovereign ruler of all existence and who is neutrally the benevolent well wisher of all living entities such a knowledgeable being attains realisation of the final beatitude and moksa or liberation from material existence.

This realisation will be further spoken of by Lord Krishna in chapter fifteen.



Knowing Lord Krishna to be bequeather of all rewards for all actions.

The sovereign lord of all existence.

The intimate friend within all beings and wellwisher of all beings attains moksham or liberation from material existence.

What this means is that if karma yoga or the selfless practice of prescribed Vedic activities and are the sum total of all duties are performed consciously as offerings of worship to Lord Krishna then this in itself is enough to grant moksham.

This is the easiest and most practical as it is so simple to do.

Moreover who would not be inclined to offer such service to a dear friend especially when this friend is such a universal benefactor existing within and without every living being throughout all of creation.



I bow down to the Supreme Lord Krishna who thus removed the thorn of doubt regarding cultivation of knowledge and selfless actions by prescribing the combination of the two in proper sequence.


Lord Krishna has revealed the confidential purpose of meditation and the method of attaining moksa or liberation from material existence in this slokam.


5th Chapter ends here.


Next : Chapter-6. ( Dhyana-yogam ).

To be continued   .......



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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
The five great …

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.

(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.



arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;


param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.


sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Liste…

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.

13/04/2017

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.

(8)

amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;

(9)

indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,

janmamrtyujaravyadhiduhkhadoshanudarsanam.

indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;

(10).

asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;

anab…