Gita : Ch-9. Slo-28.
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter- 9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )
Slokam-28. ( Lord explains about the result of all actions as dedications to the Lord : In this way you will be freed from all reactions to good and evil deeds, and by this principle of renunciation you will be liberated and come to Me. )
subhasubhaphalairevam mokshyase karmabandhanaih,
sannyasayogayuktatma vimukto mamupaishyasi.
evam = thus, if in this way;
subha-asubha-phalaih = ( with/having/including ) good and bad/evil results;
karma-bandhanaih = ( from the ) bondage of activities;
mokshyase = you will be free;
sannyasa-yoga-yukta-atma = you fully having mind set in, of the renunciation, and the yoga;
vimuktah = free from / liberated;
mam-upaishyasi = you will attain Me.
The words evam moksyase means by performing all actions in this way one will by liberated refers to the devotees of the Supreme Lord who do everything exclusively for His pleasure and propitiate Him in the true sense of worship whether they are knowledgeable or not.
One who is not knowledgeable of the Supreme Lord is deluded and on receiving material boons from pandering to lesser gods is deported back to the material worlds of unawareness after enjoying the fruits of their merits.
These are deluded activities of the deluded who are not only unaware of the absolute position of the Supreme Lord Krishna but also are in the darkness of ignorance regarding the Him being the ultimate reality.
Thus in conclusion without knowing the paramount supremacy of the Supreme Lord Krishna as the controller of all creation and all existence and all the demigods and every other god; all knowledge no matter how profound or esoteric is superfluous without any foundation because it is not understood in the correct context as being connected to Him.
The words sannyasa-yoga means the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness by the complete surrendering and offering of everything one has and is unto the Supreme Lord Krishna.
One whose nature has found refuge in such inner resignation is known as a yuktatma or a enunciate of the eternal soul.
Thus constantly meditating on the atma or soul as being the eternal part of themselves and the Supreme Lord and realizing that they are totally under His control they perform all actions whether they are natural, scriptural, daily or occasional as direct intended propitiation to Him.
Thus thinking and acting in this way they are released from the fetters of all karma or reactions to actions from the immeasurable past which barricades the path leading to the Supreme Lord from time immemorial and being freed from them attain the eternal spiritual worlds in association with the Supreme Lord.
Next here about His transcendental and paramount nature beyond the sway of material nature.
Behaving in this manner of offering everything in devotion to the Supreme Lord Krishna including the doer-ship of all actions with one's mind fully established in the renunciation of yoga or the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness, one will be freed from the bonds of karma or reactions from actions both good and evil that the whole material creation is subjected to.
This is because by surrendering and dedicating all actions to the Supreme Lord all karma is neutralised as has no longer any power to cause any effects whatsoever and thus released from the clutches of reactions one will achieve exemption from samsara the perpetual cycle o birth and death and attain the association of the Supreme Lord in the eternal spiritual worlds.
Now Lord Krishna explains the benefits one will receive by offering everything as an act of devotion to Him as declared in the previous slokam. By performing all Vedically authorised actions as an offering to the Supreme Lord one will no longer be bound by the bondage of karma or reactions to actions which results in both positive and negative consequences. By offering everything one thinks and does to the Supreme Lord, one's ongoing connection to karma is permanently neutralised and severed by the Supreme Lord Himself and under His indomitable shelter with one's mind endowed with the sublime state of renunciation one will undoubtedly attains Him.
To be continued ...