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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-1.



Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-10. ( Vibhuti-yogam )


Slokam-1.( The Supreme Lord said: My dear friend, mighty-armed Arjuna, listen again to My supreme word, which I shall impart to you for your benefit and which will give you great joy.)



Sri-bhagavan uvaca  :



bhuya  eva  mahabaho   srnu   me   paramam  vacah,



yatteham   priyamanaya   vakshyami  hitakamyaya.


Sri-bhagavan uvaca  :   Lord  Said;

mahabaho  =  hey  Arjuna!;

priyamanaya  =  being  happy  on  hearing  my  words;

te  hitakamyaya  =  considering  on  your  sreyas  ( spiritual prosperity );

tat  bhuya  eva  aham  vakshyami  =  hereafter  what  I  am  going  to  tell;

me  paramam  ( tat )  vacah  srnu  =  Listen  my  Supreme  declaration  ( The Truth-Tattvam ).




This chapter is narrated by Lord Krishna for the benefit of increasing reflection and meditation on the Supreme Lord and for the special incentive of revealing His resplendent glories.

Just by hearing or reading these pleasing and delightful slokam gives one great satisfaction.



In the previous chapters seven and eight the opulence of the Supreme Lord has been touched upon in brief.

In chapter nine Lord Krishna has established the sublime superiority of bhakti or pure loving devotion.

Now in the tenth chapter He will expand the horizon of His opulence and glories to crystallise and make vivid the realization of God for His devotees.

In these three chapters the form of the Supreme Lord Krishna which is to be worshipped has been determined.

Such as in VII.VIII Lord Krishna states He is the succulent flavor in water, the  effulgence of the sun, the monosyllable OM.

In VII.XXX He explains that He should be known as the sole controller and source of all creation.

In VIII:IV He explains that He is the Supreme Soul residing within all sentient beings.

In IX.XVI He declares He is the fire, the mantra, the ghee and the yagna or ceremony itself.

Now in order to clearly delineate these glories and opulence's Lord Krishna emphasises that loving devotion to the Supreme Lord must be performed.

He calls Arjuna maha-baho or mighty armed one denoting one who is mightily able to dexterously perform one's duty as battle for righteousness but also able to dexterously perform service to the Supreme Lord.

He states bhuyah eva once again, hear my vacah words.

What kind of words?

He states paramam or supreme meaning words pertaining to the Supreme Absolute Truth which for Arjuna's benefit and the benefit of His devotees who both take the words of the Supreme Lord to be just like immortal nectar.



The science of bhakti or loving devotion with its requirements was revealed by Lord Krishna in chapter nine.

In order to nourish and engender such loving devotion and increase it, Lord Krishna undertakes with compassion to discourse further and expatiate on the subject of the infinity of infinite glories of the Supreme Lord, such as unrivaled sovereignty, indomitable will, inviolable power, unparalleled compassion, paramatma or the Supreme soul within all sentient beings and all creation comprising His transcendental form.




Lord Krishna speaks the words te priyamanaya which can mean one who possesses divine love or one who is a beloved confidant.

Because Arjuna became delighted by listening to the glories of the Supreme Lord to further increase his joy and to fan his ardor for loving devotion Lord Krishna once again reveals revelatory information regarding the sublime glories and incomparable attributes of the Supreme Lord.

This He does desiring Arjuna's highest good and ultimate benefit.



Thus Lord Krishna declared in the seventh and eighth chapters that the Supreme Lord is only accessible by bhakti or loving devotion.

Then in the ninth chapter the greatness of this loving devotion to the Supreme Lord was revealed directly by the realization of consciousness and indirectly by declaring the eternal, spiritual benefits gained for His devotees as opposed to the temporary, material benefits gained by the votaries of the demigods and all other gods.

Now in order to induce the realization of His infinite Supremacy over all to germinate and transform into loving devotion, He speaks this verse for Arjuna's and devotees like him for their highest interests and best welfare.

This is because although it was discoursed upon earlier the greatness and majesty of the Supreme Lord is so extraordinary and phenomenal that it is very difficult to be properly understood by most.

So Lord Krishna shines light upon this theme reiterating it commencing with the wordsbhuyah eva meaning once again which emphasizes that one should listen attentively to glean the essence and comprehend.

The ultimate revelation which will enlighten the Supreme Reality in its entirety regarding the magnificence and glory of the Supreme Lord causing bhakti for Him to germinate and grow expeditiously for the highest good for Arjuna and the devotees.

To be continued  ...







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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.

(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.



arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;


param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.


sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

12/07/2017.
Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)


jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,


anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.



jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

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The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

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Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )


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Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,


vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.



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