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Gita : Ch-9. Slo-10.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )

Slokam-10. ( This material nature is working under My direction, O Arjuna, and it is producing all moving and unmoving beings. By its rule this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again. )

mayadhyakshena   prakrtih   suyate    sacaracaram,

hetunanena   kaunteya      jagadviparivartate.

kaunteya   =  hey  arjuna;

maya   adhyakshena   =   only   because   of  My   presence;

prakrtih   =   and  nature;

sacaracaram    suyate   =   creation  is  done;

anena   hetuna   =   because   of  this;

 jagat    viparivartate  =  the   universe   is   in  action.

It is clearly stated here that the Supreme Lord, although aloof from all the activities of the material world, remains the supreme director.

The Supreme Lord is the supreme will and the background of this material manifestation, but the management is being conducted by material nature. Krishna also states in Bhagavad-gītā that of all the living entities in different forms and species, "I am the Father."

The father gives seeds to the womb of the mother for the child, and similarly the Supreme Lord by His mere glance injects all the living entities into the womb of material nature, and they come out in their different forms and species, according to their last desires and activities.

All these living entities, although born under the glance of the Supreme Lord, still take their different bodies according to their past deeds and desires.

So the Lord is not directly attached to this material creation.

He simply glances over material nature; material nature is thus activated, and everything is created immediately.

Because He glances over material nature, there is undoubtedly activity on the part of the Supreme Lord, but He has nothing to do with the manifestation of the material world directly.

This example is given in the smrti :-

when there is a fragrant flower before someone, the fragrance is touched by the smelling power of the person, yet the smelling and the flower are detached from one another.

There is a similar connection between the material world and the Supreme Personality of Godhead; actually He has nothing to do with this material world, but He creates by His glance and ordains.

In summary, material nature, without the superintendence of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, cannot do anything.

Yet the Supreme Personality is detached from all material activities.

As determined by the merits and demerits of all jivas or embodied souls prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence being supervised by Lord Krishna manifests all moving and non-moving living entities as decreed by Lord Krishna according to their karma or reactions to past life actions.

In this way conformable to the actions of all created beings does creation revolve.

The Vedic scriptures state :-

The Supreme Lord's unequalled sovereign mastery, His infallible will and His unexcelled dominion over all as well as being ever free of reproach for being unmerciful.

This refers also to slokam five of this chapter with the words pasya me yogam aisvaram or behold my super extraordinary potencies.

The miracle worker who projects all the cosmos is maya the Supreme Lords external illusory energy which is contained in the compound word mayadhyaksena which represents Him.

What else is maya when used in conjunction with the Supreme Lord other than His prakriti for He is the source of it.

The doubt may be raised that it seems impossible to perform actions as a doer while at the same time be indifferent to the actions.

To dispel any doubt and remove any contradiction Lord Krishna states the compound word mayadhyaksena meaning as the superviser, controller or overseer of maya the illusory external energy brings forth prakriti the material substratum pervading physical existence which consists of all creation and all moving and non-moving living entities.

The extent of His involvement is to keep the wheel of creation and transmigration of all living being enacting perpetually being created again and again continuously in cycles. So in this manner there is not even the slightest contradiction or necessity for doubt.

The word mayadhyaksena means the illusory external energy directed by Lord Krishna which manifests prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence and the creation of all moving and immovable living entities again and again in continuous cycles.

Although the Supreme Lord is the cause and reason the universes revolve, He has no connection to prakriti and thus dominion and indifference are not incompatible for Him.

The Supreme Lord being indifferent does not mean that prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence can manifest creation on its own by itself.

Therefore the words mayadhyaksena meaning directed by His illusory external energy denoting that it is always under the Supreme Lords control and He is always the overseer.

This is what Lord Krishna is indicating. The Vedic scriptures state: Prakriti which gives birth to all physical creations is itself given birth to by the Supreme Lord, who determines the designation of all living entities according to their karma or reactions to the actions of their previous life activities

In the compound word mayadhyaksena the word adhyaksena meaning representative of the Supreme Lord is spoken by Lord Krishna as one who has His eye on each and every single living entity. Therefore He is adhipati the Lord of all creation.

To be continued  .....


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …