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Gita : Ch-9. Slo-10.



Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-10. ( This material nature is working under My direction, O Arjuna, and it is producing all moving and unmoving beings. By its rule this manifestation is created and annihilated again and again. )



mayadhyakshena   prakrtih   suyate    sacaracaram,



hetunanena   kaunteya      jagadviparivartate.





kaunteya   =  hey  arjuna;


maya   adhyakshena   =   only   because   of  My   presence;

prakrtih   =   and  nature;

sacaracaram    suyate   =   creation  is  done;

anena   hetuna   =   because   of  this;

 jagat    viparivartate  =  the   universe   is   in  action.



It is clearly stated here that the Supreme Lord, although aloof from all the activities of the material world, remains the supreme director.

The Supreme Lord is the supreme will and the background of this material manifestation, but the management is being conducted by material nature. Krishna also states in Bhagavad-gītā that of all the living entities in different forms and species, "I am the Father."

The father gives seeds to the womb of the mother for the child, and similarly the Supreme Lord by His mere glance injects all the living entities into the womb of material nature, and they come out in their different forms and species, according to their last desires and activities.

All these living entities, although born under the glance of the Supreme Lord, still take their different bodies according to their past deeds and desires.

So the Lord is not directly attached to this material creation.

He simply glances over material nature; material nature is thus activated, and everything is created immediately.

Because He glances over material nature, there is undoubtedly activity on the part of the Supreme Lord, but He has nothing to do with the manifestation of the material world directly.

This example is given in the smrti :-

when there is a fragrant flower before someone, the fragrance is touched by the smelling power of the person, yet the smelling and the flower are detached from one another.

There is a similar connection between the material world and the Supreme Personality of Godhead; actually He has nothing to do with this material world, but He creates by His glance and ordains.

In summary, material nature, without the superintendence of the Supreme Personality of Godhead, cannot do anything.

Yet the Supreme Personality is detached from all material activities.



As determined by the merits and demerits of all jivas or embodied souls prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence being supervised by Lord Krishna manifests all moving and non-moving living entities as decreed by Lord Krishna according to their karma or reactions to past life actions.

In this way conformable to the actions of all created beings does creation revolve.

The Vedic scriptures state :-

The Supreme Lord's unequalled sovereign mastery, His infallible will and His unexcelled dominion over all as well as being ever free of reproach for being unmerciful.

This refers also to slokam five of this chapter with the words pasya me yogam aisvaram or behold my super extraordinary potencies.

The miracle worker who projects all the cosmos is maya the Supreme Lords external illusory energy which is contained in the compound word mayadhyaksena which represents Him.

What else is maya when used in conjunction with the Supreme Lord other than His prakriti for He is the source of it.



The doubt may be raised that it seems impossible to perform actions as a doer while at the same time be indifferent to the actions.

To dispel any doubt and remove any contradiction Lord Krishna states the compound word mayadhyaksena meaning as the superviser, controller or overseer of maya the illusory external energy brings forth prakriti the material substratum pervading physical existence which consists of all creation and all moving and non-moving living entities.

The extent of His involvement is to keep the wheel of creation and transmigration of all living being enacting perpetually being created again and again continuously in cycles. So in this manner there is not even the slightest contradiction or necessity for doubt.



The word mayadhyaksena means the illusory external energy directed by Lord Krishna which manifests prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence and the creation of all moving and immovable living entities again and again in continuous cycles.

Although the Supreme Lord is the cause and reason the universes revolve, He has no connection to prakriti and thus dominion and indifference are not incompatible for Him.



The Supreme Lord being indifferent does not mean that prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence can manifest creation on its own by itself.

Therefore the words mayadhyaksena meaning directed by His illusory external energy denoting that it is always under the Supreme Lords control and He is always the overseer.

This is what Lord Krishna is indicating. The Vedic scriptures state: Prakriti which gives birth to all physical creations is itself given birth to by the Supreme Lord, who determines the designation of all living entities according to their karma or reactions to the actions of their previous life activities


In the compound word mayadhyaksena the word adhyaksena meaning representative of the Supreme Lord is spoken by Lord Krishna as one who has His eye on each and every single living entity. Therefore He is adhipati the Lord of all creation.

To be continued  .....


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
The five great …

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.

13/04/2017

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.

(8)

amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;

(9)

indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,

janmamrtyujaravyadhiduhkhadoshanudarsanam.

indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;

(10).

asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;

anab…

Gita : Ch-2. Slo-56.

Srimad   Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )


Slokam-56. { One who is not disturbed in spite of the threefold miseries, who is not elated when there is happiness, and who is free from attachment, fear and anger, is called a sage of steady mind.}




Duhkheshvanudvignamanah    sukheshu     vigatasprhah,


Vitaragabhayakrodhah   sthitadhirmunirucyate.




duhkheshu  =  in   sorrows;

anudvignamanah  =   one   who  with  steady  mind ( balanced   mind, unshaken  mind, );

sukheshu  vigatasprhah  =  not  interested  in  happiness ( no desire  for happiness );

vitaragabhayakrodhah  muniah  =    free  from  attachments,  fear,  anger,  ( one  )  the muni (  Jnani  );

sthitadhirmunirucyate  =  is  called  as "Sthitah-prajnan" ( A  person   with  above   qualities ).





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