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Gita : Ch-9. Slo-18.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )

Slokam-18.  (  I am the goal, the sustainer, the master, the witness, the abode, the refuge and the most dear friend. I am the creation and the annihilation, the basis of everything, the resting place and the eternal seed. )

gatirbharta    prabhuh   sakshi    nivasah   saranam   suhrt,

prabhavah   pralayah   sthanam   nidhanam   bijamavyayam.

gatiah  bharta  =   (  he  is  )   ( I am/ Me )   the  ruler  and   sustainer  of    the  lakshya   sthanam  ( the  goal  );

prabhuh   sakshi   =   controller   ( Lord  )   and  witness;

nivash   =   the   seat  (abode )  of  each  and  everything   ( all );

saranam   suhrt  =   supreme  seat   to  surrender  and  refuge  and  most  intimate  friend;

prabhavah   pralayah  =  creation   and  dissolution;

sthanam   nidhanam  =  sthithi   (  ground  )   and  nikshebham   (  resting  place  );

avyayam   bijam  =  imperishable  seed  too,  Me / I am.

Since Lord Krishna is the ultimate of all He is vedyam the goal to know and attained.

This is also confirmed in the Vasistha section of the Sama Veda.

Asked why is Lord Krishna declared to be the ultimate.

It is because the light emanating from His transcendental body is the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence and knowledge of the brahman is the goal.

This is realised by those who have neutralised their karma freeing themselves from reactions to previous actions and who have achieved moksa or liberation from material existence.

The Supreme Lord is the only refuge for those who have achieved moksa and for those still helplessly caught in samsara or the endless cycle of birth and death.
At the time of universal dissolution the entire creation becomes dissolved within Him, therefore He is the resting place.

The Rig Veda states :-

Having pure vision the entire creation can be seen being manifested within the Supreme Lord by His external sakti known as Maya the deluding feminine energy.

Explaining further Lord Krishna reveals that He is that which is attained as the ultimate goal of all existence.

He is the sustainer, the nourisher, the maintainer and the controller.

As paramatma the Supreme Soul within all living entities He is the witness and observer of all actions good and evil.

He is the abode and resting place as He encompasses everything, everywhere.

He is the refuge, the protector.

He is the dear friend who always does what is beneficial.

Lord Krishna is the basis and source of that which pre-eminently comes into existence known as all creation and He is also basis and destination of that which inevitably meets it end known as dissolution.

He is the support of all by which they are able to exist.

He is the repository by which they may remain latent and He is root seed in all things by which they are eternal for His spiritual seedis not destructible like seeds of rice and grains.

Lord Krishna states that He embodies the following atributes in this slokam :-

1) gatih the ultimate goal of all existence.

2) bharta the support like a husband, the sustainer as gravitation sustains.

3) prabhuh the master, the sovereign, the ruler.

4) saksat the witness, the monitor of all thoughts and actions.

5) nivasah the abode where all things dwell.

6) saranam the refuge where all spiritual beings may resort to for guidance.

7) suhrt the dear most friend and well wisher.

8) prabhava pralaya sthanam the basis of creation and dissolution wherever it occurs.

9) nidhanam that from whence all things arise from and all things return to.

10) avyayam bijam the imperishable seed of all, the inextinguishable cause of everything.

The Supreme Lord is the witness of all actions good and evil performed by beings.

He is the refuge, the shelter offering protection and neutralising all evil influences.

He is the imperishable root seed of all, the eternal well wisher the origin and source of all creation as well as the terminator of creation along with being the depository and resting place of all creation.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …