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Gita : Ch-9. Slo-11.

Very Important Slokam : Lord explains that he is formless...

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita

Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-11.  ( Fools deride Me when I descend in the human form. They do not know My transcendental nature and My supreme dominion over all that be. )


avajananti  mam  mudha  manushim  tanumasritam,


param  bhavamajanantah  mama bhutamahesvaram.



bhutamahesvaram  =  Maheswaran  ( Supreme  Reality )  of  sarva-bhutam-s  ( all  creations );

mama  param  bhavam  =  My  true,  real  form;

ajanantah  mudha  =   not  knowing,  ignorant  fools;

manushim  tanum  asritam  =  ( I am ) depending / taking /assuming the  support  of  human  form;

mam  avajananti   =   ( by  saying  so these  people ) disgrace  Me.



Now Lord Krishna explains those who do not know about His Supreme position and why.

For those who are deluded their human body appears to be what they are and not simply a container for the jiva or the embodied soul.

Therefore in the Moksa Dharma it is stated :-

In this world all the things associated with the body are endowed with the five gross elements of earth, water, fire, air and ether as ordained by the will of the Supreme Lord who is the sole source of all creation.

The Supreme Lord Krishna is also paramatma or the Supreme Soul residing within all living entities as the eternal witness of everything.

He exists with form and He exists without form.

He is the giver of blessings and boons and He is the master of the unmanifest power which regulates destruction and creation.



Regarding the Vedic scriptures documenting the descent of Lord Krishna's avatars or incarnations in numerous and diverse manifestations.

It should be understood without any doubt that there is absolutely no difference in essence of any of the Supreme Lord's forms in past, present or future.

All Lord Krishna's avatars are sac-cid-ananda or sat of eternal existence, cit or transcendental knowledge and ananda or unending bliss and are the sovereign master of all creation.

Whether these avatars are appearing as a fish such as Lord Matsya, or animal such as Lord Varaha the boar incarnation or half -human like Lord Narasimha the half man and half lion incarnation or as human incarnations such as Lord Rama and Lord Buddha; they are all different manifestations of the supreme absolute truth and the ultimate reality of the Supreme Lord.

Therefore there should never be any misconception or delusion that there is any difference between the Supreme Lord Krishna and any of His avatars which are always verified by the authority of the Vedic scriptures.



Without beginning and without end of purely spiritual form the Supreme Lord is the source of Brahma and Shiva and all created beings.

From His breath has manifested the four Vedas.

The brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence is His impersonal manifestation.

He is Isvara Parama the Supreme controller of all creation.

The word bhuta-mahesvaram in this slokam  means the Supreme Lord of all beings and this has also been stated in the Babhravya section of the Sama Veda.



Due to the accumulation of unlimited sins by ignoring the ordinances of the Vedic scriptures, ignorant fools mistake the Supreme Lord Krishna to be perishable like any other member of humanity.

Such fools are totally incognisant to the reality that Lord Krishna is the Supreme omniscient, omnipresent and omnipotent Lord of all creation and that He manifests His original form that appears to be like all of humanity due to magnanimous feelings of infinite compassion in order for all living entities to be able to have access to Him.

Oblivious to Lord Krishna's eternal, transcendental, immutable and supreme nature disguised in human form as a way to display His phenomenal lilas or divine pastimes by which to inspire and delight all of humanity as an act of unlimited mercy and love for all.

Yet although all over the Earth the name of Lord Krishna and His avatars or expansions and incarnations has been heard of by all, still the ignorant and irrational even after hearing of Him foolishly disregard and disrespect Him as if He were just an ordinary mortal being.



It may be wondered that since the Supreme Lord Krishna is the topmost attainment and paramount controller of all why are not all people worshipping Him as the Supreme Lord?

This question is being answered in this verse and the next beginning with the descriptive word mudhah meaning the fools and the ignorant.

Although the Supreme Lord's body is purely spiritual composed of sat eternal existence cit transcendental knowledge and ananda unending bliss the ignorant not knowing His supreme position disregard Him and the fools deride Him because Lord Krishna appears in a human looking form to interact and reciprocate with His devotees in order to please them.



Now Lord Krishna explains those who do not know about His Supreme position and why.

For those who are deluded their human body appears to be what they are and not simply a container for the jiva or the embodied soul.

Therefore in the Moksa Dharma it is stated: In this world all the things associated with the body are endowed with the five gross elements of earth, water, fire, air and ether as ordained by the will of the Supreme Lord who is the sole source of all creation.

The Supreme Lord Krishna is also paramatma or the Supreme Soul residing within all living entities as the eternal witness of everything.

He exists with form and He exists without form.

He is the giver of blessings and boons and He is the master of the unmanifest power which regulates destruction and creation.



Regarding the Vedic scriptures documenting the descent of Lord Krishna's avatars or incarnations in numerous and diverse manifestations.

It should be understood without any doubt that there is absolutely no difference in essence of any of the Supreme Lord's forms in past, present or future.

All Lord Krishna's avatars are sac-cid-ananda or sat of eternal existence, cit or transcendental knowledge and ananda or unending bliss and are the sovereign master of all creation.

Whether these avatars are appearing as a fish such as Lord Matsya, or animal such as Lord Varaha the boar incarnation or half -human like Lord Narasimha the half man and half lion incarnation or as human incarnations such as Lord Rama and Lord Buddha; they are all different manifestations of the supreme absolute truth and the ultimate reality of the Supreme Lord.

Therefore there should never be any misconception or delusion that there is any difference between the Supreme Lord Krishna and any of His avatars which are always verified by the authority of the Vedic scriptures.



Without beginning and without end of purely spiritual form the Supreme Lord is the source of Brahma and Shiva and all created beings.

From His breath has manifested the four Vedas.

The brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence is His impersonal manifestation.

He is Isvara Parama the Supreme controller of all creation.

The word bhuta-mahesvaram in this verse means the Supreme Lord of all beings and this has also been stated in the Babhravya section of the Sama Veda.

To be continued  ...



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Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

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3.1
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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.

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Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.

(8)

amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;

(9)

indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,

janmamrtyujaravyadhiduhkhadoshanudarsanam.

indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;

(10).

asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;

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Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )


Slokam-56. { One who is not disturbed in spite of the threefold miseries, who is not elated when there is happiness, and who is free from attachment, fear and anger, is called a sage of steady mind.}




Duhkheshvanudvignamanah    sukheshu     vigatasprhah,


Vitaragabhayakrodhah   sthitadhirmunirucyate.




duhkheshu  =  in   sorrows;

anudvignamanah  =   one   who  with  steady  mind ( balanced   mind, unshaken  mind, );

sukheshu  vigatasprhah  =  not  interested  in  happiness ( no desire  for happiness );

vitaragabhayakrodhah  muniah  =    free  from  attachments,  fear,  anger,  ( one  )  the muni (  Jnani  );

sthitadhirmunirucyate  =  is  called  as "Sthitah-prajnan" ( A  person   with  above   qualities ).





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