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Gita : Ch-9. Slo-8.



Very Important Slokam

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )


Slokam-8. ( The whole cosmic order is under Me. By My will it is manifested again and again, and by My will it is annihilated at the end. )





praktim     svamavashabhya    visrjami    punah    punah,



bhutagramamimam     krtsnam    avasam    prakrtervasat.




prakrteh   vasat   =   with   the   strength   of   svabhavam   (  nature/guna );

avasam   imam   krtsnam   =   automatically   this   total / complete/fully;

bhutagramam   =   all   these   cosmic   manifestations;

svam    praktim   avashabhya   =   taking / enering  in  My   nature  (  prakrti ) /Self,

punah    punah   visrjami   =  again   and  again   "I"   create.




This matter is the manifestation of the inferior energy of the Supreme Personality of Godhead.

This has already been explained several times.

At the creation, the material energy is let loose as mahat-tattva, into which the Lord as His first Purusha incarnation, Maha-Vishnu, enters.

He lies within the Causal Ocean and breathes out innumerable universes, and into each universe the Lord again enters as Garbhodakasayi Vishnu. Each universe is in that way created.




Now, as far as the living entities are concerned, they are impregnated into this material nature, and as a result of their past deeds they take different positions.

Thus the activities of this material world begin.

The activities of the different species of living beings are begun from the very moment of the creation.

It is not that all is evolved.

The different species of life are created immediately along with the universe.

Men, animals, beasts, birds-everything is simultaneously created, because whatever desires the living entities had at the last annihilation are again manifested.

It is clearly stated here that the living entities have nothing to do with this process.

The state of being in their past life in the past creation is simply manifested again, and all this is done simply by His will.

This is the inconceivable potency of the Supreme Personality of God.

And after creating different species of life, He has no connection with them.

The creation takes place to accommodate the inclinations of the various living entities, and so the Lord does not become involved with it.




Even as one capable of walking may still take assistance of a stick, in the same way although the Supreme Lord Krishna is fully capable of creating all the universes on His own, He directs prakriti or the material substratum to fulfill this task.

The Moksa Dharma states :-

One should not consider the Supreme Lord, who is the repository of all attributes, to be dependent upon others like normal living entities.

Comprehending the Supreme Lord through seven subtle forms and five subsidiary forms those who are situated in equanimity achieves Parabrahman or the personality who manifests the spiritual substratum pervading all existence.

In the Rig Veda is stated :-

The immeasurable power of the Supreme Lord does not get diminished or exhausted in any manner although He engages His external energy prakriti in creation, dissolution etc.

In the Bhagavat Purana is stated :-

Each of the Supreme Lord's attributes have their own innumerable attributes and innumerable forms.

Why is the Supreme Lord referred to as Parabrahman or brahman?

In the Atharva Veda it states :-

It is because He being the Supreme absolute truth, makes others realise the Supreme absolute truth.

His power is paramount and multifaceted.

Who else can compare or compete with His innumerable divine pastimes all eternally existing simultaneously.

Even the four-faced Brahma who is capable of counting all the grains of sand in the world is unable to even speak of all the Supreme Lord's lilas let alone perform any of them.

O Supreme Lord no one is capable of describing all Your infinite attributes neither in ancient times or the present times.

Prakriti is completely dependent upon the Supreme Lord who is verily the maintainer, the sustainer and the energiser of all actions.

Dependent upon nothing but Himself the Supreme Lord by His own power and will directs prakriti to perform actions by which all the worlds in the all the planetary systems are created maintained and dissolved.




The question may be raised how is it possible that the Supreme Lord who is unattached to creation and not modifiable in any way actually manifest creation.

This is being answered by Lord Krishna with the words prakritim svam avastabhya meaning by the medium of His material substratum which pervades all physical and subtle existence the Supreme Lord repeatedly creates again and again in a regulated manner the total aggregate of diverse created beings who all had been absorbed within Him due to dissolution at the end of the previous universal devastation.

They not having achieved moksa or liberation are in a helpless condition dominated and controlled by the reactions to their past life activities.

It may be further asked how is it and by what method are all living entities propelled into material existence?

Lord Krishna speaks the words avasam prakriter vasat which means in accordance to the implications of their nature which is a direct resultant of past actions.




Lord Krishna clarifies his position with the words prakritim svam avastabhya or reflecting upon His external energy the material substratum pervading all existence constituted of the three gunas being goodness, passion and ignorance.

Although insentient, prakriti is fully competent to transform all the diverse and variegated beings as a total aggregate into their respective forms as designated by their karma or reactions to past life activities.

The eight-fold principle transformations of conception, birth up to old age and death etc. are directed by the Supreme Lord and is manifested again and again after every dissolution of creation inclusive of all sentient beings being demigods, humans, animals and plants.

None from the highest demigod to the lowest blade of grass are independent.

They are all compelled to accept the form conscripted upon them due to their individual natures in accordance with the respective reactions derived from their previous activities



The Supreme Lord Krishna has perpetual recourse to His own marvellous modifiable external energy known as prakriti or the material substratum pervading all physical and subtle existence and differentiate it in eight fold ways.

He repeatedly creates with regularity the fourfold divisions of created living entities being demigods, humans, animal and plants from their dormant inactive state, powerless under the control of prakritis alluring and bewildering gunas of passion, ignorance and goodness.

Yet it may be thought that such creative acts involving imbalances and inequalities can cause reactions to come to the Supreme Lord Himself due to the result of having manifested a creation full of seemingly differences and contradictions. The reply to this query is clearly resolved in the next slokam.

To be continued  ...



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(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.



arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;


param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.


sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

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Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)


jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,


anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.



jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

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Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
The five great …