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Gita : Ch-9. Slo-4.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-9. ( Raja-vidya-raja-guhya-yogam )

Slokam-4. (  By Me, in My unmanifested form, this entire universe is pervaded. All beings are in Me, but I am not in them. )

maya    tatamidam    sarvam   jagadavyaktamurtina,

matsthani    sarvabhutani     na    cham    teshvavasthitah.

avyaktamurtina   =   unmanifested   sense-organs   less   form;

maya   idam   sarvam   jagat   =   but   by   Me,   all   these   manifestations,  and  all   cosmic    manifestation;  

tatam   =   is  spread;

sarvabhutani   matsthani   =    all   living   and   non-living   things   unto   Me   (  exist   in  Me  );

aham   ca   teshu   =   but   I  am   in   them;

na   avasthitah   =   never   exist  (  present  ).

Lord Krishna has discussed this sacred spiritual knowledge which leads to Him by praising the merits of following it and stating the consequences incurred by not following it.

Now He calls the attention of the listener by revealing that He pervades the sarvam jagad or complete material cosmic manifestation.

How does He accomplish this?

By dint of His unmanifest potency in the form of the brahman the spiritual substratum pervading all existence which is beyond the perception of the five senses.
All beings movable and immovable reside within Lord Krishna who is the source of all creation.

The Vedic scriptures declare that He is the atma or soul within which permeates all sentient beings and impels them to perform actions.

Also Sahadeva's statement in the Sabhaparva of the Mahabharata that the mind, intellect, cosmic intelligence, wind, fire, water, earth, ether and the four fold beings reside within the Supreme Lord Krishna.

But where does He reside?

He reveals that He is in each and very living entity as paramatma the supersoul and that He is the substratum of all beings; but none are His substratum for He is His own substratum and does not depend upon anything for residing and functioning.

This is also confirmed in the Bhuma Vidya section of the Chandogya Upanisad VII.XXIV.I where it states that: On Earth people call the possession of cows, horses, elephants, gold, property, palaces etc. as greatness but the Supreme Lord does not think thus because clearly each thing is established upon another.

In VII.XXV.I of the Chandogya Upanisad it states:That omnipresence is above and below and to the east and the west and the north and the south. Indeed it is the total material creation.

The complete cosmic creation constituted of variegated myriad of sentient and insentient beings is permeated by the Supreme Lord Krishna.

The words avyakta-murttina mean His subtle form manifested as the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence.

It is indiscernible by the material senses and is unable to be perceived by the mind.

Although secretly hidden, He is manifested internally in the unrivalled presence of paramatma the purely spiritual supreme soul in everything sentient and insentient.

So in spirit He pervades everywhere.

Lord Krishna does this in relation to universal creation as the Supreme Sovereign Lord manifesting it and also by maintaining and sustaining it.

As stated in the Brihadaranyaka Upanisad V.VII.III beginning ya prithivyam tishtham or He who abides in earth but whom earth knows not and He to whom in the interior of earth is sovereign ruler and in mantram V.VII.XXII beginning ya atmani tishtham meaning He who resides in the soul but the soul knows not and He to whom the soul is the body who from the interior of the soul is sovereign ruler.

Both verses confirm His supreme presence and pervasive nature in everything which is sentient as well as insentient; but totally unperceived. By reference to earth, body, soul establishes complete compliance to His sovereign rulership and establishes the dependence of all things upon Him as they derive their very existence from Him.

Hence all existences and everything existing in all existences have their abode within the Supreme Lord.

Thus after causing one to become inquisitive by so praising this supreme and confidential wisdom, Lord Krishna expounds upon it in this slokam and the next.

The words sarvam jagat mean the whole cosmic material manifestation.

This He has revealed is permeated by Him in the unmanifest form of the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence which is beyond the ability of the senses to perceive.

The Taittriya Upanisad II.VI states: That the Supreme Lord as the substratum of everything projects it into everything created.

Therefore all beings moving or stationary abide within the Supreme Lord who embodies the cause of all beings.

Although this is a reality still He is not part of any their effects unlike clay which effects can be seen as an ingredient in plates and pots.

The Supreme Lord is unattached and unaffected like space containing unlimited variegated forms but is not affected by or attached to any of them.

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …