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Gita : Ch-8. Slo-20.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam )

Slokam- 20. (  Yet there is another nature, which is eternal and is transcendental to this manifested and unmanifested matter. It is supreme and is never annihilated. When all in this world is annihilated, that part remains as it is.)

parastasmatu     bhavonyah     avyaktovyaktat     sanatanah,

yah    sa     sarveshu     bhuteshu      nasyatsu     na     vinasyati.

tu   =   but;

tasmat   avyaktat    anyah    =    from   that   unmanifest    another;

parah    sanatanah   =    transcendental;   and   eternal;

yah    avyaktah    bhavah    =   that,   unmanifest   nature;

sa     sarveshu     bhuteshu      nasyatsu   =   that    even    when    all   the   manifestations   being    annihilated;

na    vinasyati   =   never   annihilated.

The ultimate substance of the form of the atma is completely distinct from prakriti or the material substrtatum pervading existence and is without birth and death.
Thus it better then even the Cosmic Egg from where if one surmounts it there is also no return to material existence.

This Lord Krishna is indicating in this verse and the next by the words paras tasmat meaning superior to that.

His state is superior because He is totally separate from avyakta the unmanifest that emantes from Brahma and is invariably connected to prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence and the cause of the myriad of multitudes of variegated created beings alluded to in the previous verse.

Yet Lord Krishna is revealing that there is another superior avyakta which is different, being eternal and full of consciousness which never perishes and is imperceptible by any means and measure of proof except by the evidence revealed in the Vedic scriptures.

This superior avyakta coming from Him is never subject to destruction even when all the worlds and universes along with all movable and immovable beings are destroyed.

After completing the expose on the impermanence of all material worlds, Lord Krishna elucidates in this verse and the next on the eternal nature of the spiritual worlds which exist beyond avyakta the unmanifest and which is never destroyed when all the material worlds perish.

Beyond the avyakta is another superior nature, unmanifest which is the cause of prakriti, the material substratum pervading existence, and which exists as the cause of all things in the moving and non-moving universes.

This superior unmanifest is beyond the perception of the senses and without a beginning and it never ceases to exist even when all the worlds and all created beings, which are merely causes and effects, inevitably perish.

To be continued .....


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …