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Gita : Ch-8. Slo-11.

Very Important Slokam : - Here Lord explains the method of Prana-upasana-kramam.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam )

Slokam-11.  (  Persons learned in the Vedas, who utter omkara and who are great sages in the renounced order, enter into Brahman. Desiring such perfection, one practices celibacy. I shall now explain to you this process by which one may attain salvation.)

yadaksharam    vedavido    vadanti

visanti     yadyatayo    vitaragah

yadicchanto   brahmacaryam    caranti

tatte    padam     samgrahenna    pravakshye.

vedavidah   yat   =   a   person   conversant   with   the   Vedas,  that which  ( scholors  in  Vedas,  what   ever   that );

aksharam   vadanti   =   say    inexhaustible (  what   mean   by   undestructive );

vitaragah    yadyah   =   great    sages    in    the    renounced    order  of    life  ( yogi-s  who  fully   discarded   all

 attachments   of   sense-objects;

yat    visanti    =   enter   in   which;

brahmacaryam    caranti   =   practice   brahmacharyam   (  celibacy );

te   pravakshye   =   (  Lord )  I   shall   explain   unto   you ( Arjuna ).

tat   padam    samgrahenna    =   in   short   that  padham  (  situation );

Lord Sri Krishna starts  his  explanaion   about  "Pranavopasana-proceedure"  in  details : -

After presenting the normal practice of meditation Lord Krishna introduces the topmost method designated by the word aksaram meaning imperishable which He promises to reveal in summary how to attain this imperishable, ultimate goal and that once it is attained the Supreme Lord who is saccidananda or the embodiment of eternal truth, knowledge and bliss which the Vaisnavas and Brahmins who are knowers of the Vedic scriptures describe as imperishable and indestructible.

The Brhadaranyaka III.IX.VIII states:To this state the Brahmins attribute the term indestructible to that which is not material and that which is not subtle, etc. This state is where determined ascetics free from passion and desire for sense objects strive to enter. This is the state where the enlightened ascetics perceive the experience of the atma or soul as omnipresent and omniscient.

Their consciousness resides in the highest substratum and they become totally detached from contact with three dimensional material nature and are incapable as such of performing any action that is in separation from the Supreme Lord. They becoming His own, remain in this state adhering to Him, taking full shelter in Him, desiring to know that for which the brahmacarya's or voluntary celibates remain firm in their vow.

The ultimate goal to be attained is explained by Lord Krishna in this verse. Since the aspirants attain that consciousness it is known as padam or state and once that state is reached it is designated by the word visanti meaning to enter. The Narada Purana states: That the ultimate goal to be attained is Lord Krishna is confirmed in the Vedic scriptures. Since that consciousness is achieved by the ascetics, it is known as padam.

Brahmacarya or voluntary celibacy for spiritual purposes denotes attuning one's consciousness in full devotion to the Supreme Lord excluding everything else.

Lord Krishna speaks this verse with a view to instruct how the preceding practice is based on the sacred syllable OM which is the personal, transcendental sound vibration of the Supreme Lord. The utilisation of the sacred OM mantra is a more direct means than the mere practice of directing the life force to the proper place in the physical body.

The word aksaram means imperishable. The imperishable condition that adepts of Vedic scriptures describe as in the Brihadaranya Upanisad III.VIII.IX which states: Under the mighty control of this imperishable the sun and the moon are held coursing in their positions. Which aspirants is Lord Krishna referring to?
Those aspirants who are striving, who have eradicated all desires, who have dedicated themselves to celibacy and the abstinent life with their spiritual preceptor. These aspirants are qualified to attain the ultimate goal. Lord Krishna speaks the word sangrahena or in summary meaning He will explain these things in brief revealing how to attain them.

Now Lord Krishna explains the other padam or state which is for those aspirants who wish for atma-tattva or realisation of the soul and the secure and permanent destination of moksa or liberation from material existence.

This state is aksaram or imperishable. In the Brihadaranya Upanisad V.VIII.VIII beginning sahovacha-itad vai tad explains that this state is not material.

It is that which the ascetics of the worlds attempt to gain access to. It is that ardent longing for which men strictly follow the vow of brahmacaryam or voluntary celibacy.

Padam is that which one mentally proceeds to achieve the goal of their endeavours. Padyate is non- different from gamyate meaning that which is followed being the method adopted by the mind.

The purport is that Lord Krishna is giving a brief description of the methodology by which an aspirant for atma-tattva and moksa must meditate on Him to achieve the ultimate goal they have envisioned.

Meditation upon Lord Krishna in His aspect of aksaram or imperishable is described in the Brihadaranya Upanisad V.VIII.VIII-XI.

To be continued ....


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …