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Gita : Ch-8. Slo-18.


Very  Important Slokam, study well, with  concentration....

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-8 .( Akshara-brahma-yogam )


Slokam-18. ( When Brahma's day is manifest, this multitude of living entities comes into being, and at the arrival of Brahma's night they are all annihilated.)




avyaktat    vyaktayah    sarvah    prabhavantyaharagame,



ratryagame    praliyante    tatraiavyaktasamjnake.




aharagame   =   when   brahma's   day   begins;

avyaktat   =   from   the    avyaktam   (   unmanifest );

sarvah    vyaktayah    prabhavanty    =   all   living   entities ( sarva-characaram-s ),  come   into   being;

 
ratryagame   =   when   brahma's   night   begins;

avyaktasamjnake   =   of   the   name   avyaktam   ( unmanifest );

tatra   eva   =   in   itself   (  in  the  avyaktam   itself );

praliyante   =   annihilated   (   layanam   into  it  /  united).



Thus Lord Krishna previously described that created beings from the highest material planet Maharloka of Brahma down to the lower heavenly planets called Mahat are all subjected to rebirth in the material existence.

Now He explains that the creation and dissolution of all the material worlds like Earth, the galaxy, our solar system, all the universes up through the heavenly planets to the topmost planet of Maharloka are all created and absorbed back into the avyakta or the unmanifest which is regulated by Brahma's day and night each comprised of 4 billion 320 million years.



All sentient beings in physical existence were created by Brahma from his subtle body.

This subtle body is one of the transformations of prakriti or the material substratum pervading physical existence.

This the unmanifest is from Brahma and is within material existence although super subtle and from which emanates countless myriad of unlimited beings accompanied by their respective bodies and minds and senses with which to enjoy their respective activities and pleasures.

This happens at the dawning of Brahmas day when he awakes.

At the closing of Brahma's day and the beginning of his night all beings who emanated from his subtle body are withdrawn again into his subtle body to repose in dormancy until his awakening again after 4 billion 320 million years.



What subsequently is the process?

Lord Krishna is answering.

From the unmanifest form of the effect is the cause.

Therefore from the unmanifest which is the cause, all created beings, moving or stationary come into existence.

When is this?

At the commencement of Brahma's day every 4 billion 320 million years and at the end of Brahma's day all created beings are merged back into the unmanifest for 4 billion 320 million years.

This verse clarifies that the knowers of day and night also know the cycle of the unmanifest and the manifest and what happens to all created beings.



The less intelligent jivas try to remain within this material world and are accordingly elevated and degraded in the various planetary systems.

During the daytime of Brahma they exhibit their activities, and at the coming of Brahma's night they are annihilated.

In the day they receive various bodies for material activities, and at night these bodies perish.

The jivas (individual souls) remain compact in the body of Vishnu and again and again are manifest at the arrival of Brahma's day.

When Brahma's life is finally finished, they are all annihilated and remain unmanifest for millions and millions of years.

Finally, when Brahma is born again in another millennium, they are again manifest.

In this way the jivas are captivated by the material world.

To be continued  ...




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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
The five great …

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.

13/04/2017

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.

(8)

amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;

(9)

indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,

janmamrtyujaravyadhiduhkhadoshanudarsanam.

indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;

(10).

asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;

anab…

Gita : Ch-2. Slo-56.

Srimad   Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )


Slokam-56. { One who is not disturbed in spite of the threefold miseries, who is not elated when there is happiness, and who is free from attachment, fear and anger, is called a sage of steady mind.}




Duhkheshvanudvignamanah    sukheshu     vigatasprhah,


Vitaragabhayakrodhah   sthitadhirmunirucyate.




duhkheshu  =  in   sorrows;

anudvignamanah  =   one   who  with  steady  mind ( balanced   mind, unshaken  mind, );

sukheshu  vigatasprhah  =  not  interested  in  happiness ( no desire  for happiness );

vitaragabhayakrodhah  muniah  =    free  from  attachments,  fear,  anger,  ( one  )  the muni (  Jnani  );

sthitadhirmunirucyate  =  is  called  as "Sthitah-prajnan" ( A  person   with  above   qualities ).





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