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Gita : Ch-8. Slo-15.



Sri Krishna Temple Guruvayur Kerala

Very Important study carefully


{ At  the  end  of  previous  slokam  and  in  the  beginning  of  slokam-15,  a  question  arises,  what  is  use  of  attaining  the  anubhuthi  with  struggle ?
Lord Sri Krishna  gives the  answer  here.....}


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-8. ( Akshara-brahma-yogam)

Slokam-15. ( After attaining Me, the great souls, who are yogīs in devotion, never return to this temporary world, which is full of miseries, because they have attained the highest perfection. )


mamupetya    punarjanma   duhkhalayamasasvatam


napnuvanti     mahatmanah   samsiddhim    paramam    gatah.


mam   upetya    =   those   who   attained   Me;

paramam   samsiddhim    gatah   =    achieved   the   ultimate   perfection;

mahatmanah   =   such   great   atmas   (  souls  );

punah   =   again/later;

duhkhalayam     asasvatam   janma   =   fully   sorrowful  /  place of miseries   and   not   permanent   (  temporary  ),  birth;

na    apnuvanti   =   never   attain.


Since this temporary material world is full of the miseries of birth, old age, disease and death, naturally he who achieves the highest perfection and attains the supreme, does not wish to return.

The supreme  is described in Vedic literature as beyond our material vision, and it is considered the highest goal.

The mahatmas (great souls) receive transcendental messages from the realized devotees and thus gradually develop devotional service in  consciousness and become so absorbed in transcendental service that they no longer desire elevation to any of the material planets, nor do they even want to be transferred to any spiritual planet.

They only want Lord's association and nothing else. Such great souls in  consciousness attain the highest perfection of life. In other words, they are the supreme souls.



Just as the Lord Krishna is easily attainable by His exclusive devotees; other gods must be easily attainable to their votaries as well and grant them all their desires objects.

If this is the case what is the difference between Lord Krishna's devotees and the votaries of any other god? Lord Krishna answers this with the words mam upetya meaning having attained Him.

Having attained the Supreme Lord what comes of it?

The mahatmas or great souls are not subjected to rebirth ever again in the material existence for they have attained paramam samsiddhim the highest perfection.
Because of their extraordinary discriminating powers such great, noble souls have correctly come to the ultimate conclusion that Lord Krishna is the ultimate goal for all living entities.

Always thinking of Him, consciously performing all actions in propitiation to Him, having Him exclusively as their nearest and dearest, by the grace of the Supreme Lord who is eternal bliss personified one has qualified to join Him in His lilas or divine pastimes and eternally perform transcendental pastimes with Him in loving devotion.

Attaining this automatically achieves moksa or liberation and released from the excruciating pangs of material existence beginning with 10 months of imprisonment in the womb of a mother then born in a house of sorrows known as the physical body and subjected to disease, old age and death again and again endlessly.

No other god, gods or demigods can bequeath liberation from material existence except Lord Krishna and no other god, gods or demigods can sanction promotion to the eternal spiritual worlds except the Supreme Lord Krishna.



Those who attain Lord Krishna do not return to the impermanent material existence and temporary condition of samsara the perpetual cycle of birth and death the abode of misery and suffering.

The devotees of Lord Krishna are mahatmas or great, noble souls who have enlightened themselves as to the real nature of His nama or name, rupa or form, guna or attributes, dhama or abode and lila or divine pastimes.

Such exalted beings feel such fervid love for Him in separation that their very life becomes unsupportable.

Those whose mind are focused on Him and whose heart is only for Him in bhakti or loving devotion is the very heart in which He resides.

Those who by incessantly meditating upon Him will attain the highest perfection which is the Supreme Lord Krishna.

Next will be discussed why the arthathi or seeker of wealth return to material existence and the bhaktas or the devotees of Lord Krishna are liberated from material existence.



Although the Lord Krishna is easily attainable by His devotees what does it mean?

This is being answered here.

The mahatmanah or great souls are His devotees and having attained Him they are released from samsara the perpetual cycle of birth and death having realised the purpose of human existence and reaching the highest perfection in Him are automatically granted moksa or liberation from the material existence and promotion to Vaikuntha the eternal spiritrual worlds.


In this slokam Lord Krishna praises that state of attainment itself.

Attaining the Supreme Lord is solely the ultimate goal.

Finally  Lord  says  that  those  do  not  attain '" Brahmasayujyam"  are  automatically  takes  rebirth  according  to  their  karma-phalam.

To be continued ...




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(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


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paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

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(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


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asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

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svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


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Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)


jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,


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jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
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ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

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(6)-

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dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

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(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


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savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

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3.1
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