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Gita : Ch-4. Slo-9.

( Very Important Slokam ).....

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-4. ( Jnana-karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-9. Lord Srikrishna reveals the secret of his Avatar to Arjuna  : ( O, Arjuna  whoever knows the divinity of    my  ( janmam ) Avatharam,   and    the   very tattvam   of   my   karmam, after discarding   his/her body, never reborn, but dissolves in me the Paramatma.)

janma  karma  ca  me  divyam  evam  yo  vetti  tattvatah,

tyaktva  deham  punarjanma  naiti  mameti  sorjuna.

arjuna = Dear Arjuna;

me divyam janma = My divine janmam  ( birth );

karma ca evam tattvatah = Karmam this tattvic ( principle ) way;

yah vetthi sah = One who knows, that person;

Deham tyaktva = discard (leave ) his body;

Punar janma na eti = later, never  attain  another  janmam ( thereafter never attain rebirth);

Mam eti = ( But ) attain ( unite with / dissolve  unto) me. ( He becomes God himself, Jeevatma and Paramatma supreme union ).


In the last slokam ( 8th ), Avatharam (Incarnation) what for? , and how it is possible? , after explaining these things in general, Lord declares : “Those who understand my the Avatar leelas ( plays ), thereafter, continuously meditate come out of all bounds of relationships, and unite with the Supreme Truth The Infinite. The Sanskrit word ‘Tattvatah’ indicates this, that it is not a simple knowing of information, but is a full complete Union of Atmas : ‘BLISS’ that, again confirmed: “The Supreme Lord takes Avatharam in us. “

Now practically we have an uncertain, limited life , yes it is true, but, sometimes, when we involved in un-selfish , pure and holy thoughts ( for short moments ), then this same life itself obtain a Divine nature, yes we feel this on certain occasions.

Sakaropasanam is like Nirakaropasanam only; this slokam points this for development in spirituality. There are few vedantins who do not aware of (dislike/ hate) Avatarasangalpams. They are barking on shadows. Upasana whether it is Sagunam or Nirgunam, if the Upasaka is honest and sincere, leads him to Supreme Truth.

A special mention is here about ‘Parama padham’, “It is a state, where there is no rebirth”. Earlier In Vedic sciences this state is called as ‘Amaratvam’ ( No Death ). Later that has changed into ‘Ajam’ ( No Birth ). This change in expression shows the ‘the development in intelligence in that period of time’. A society in which the people are immature, fears about death. But when they attain mature mind, they begin to fear not death, but a rebirth. Why, because, it will be a restart to a new beginning to a life of sufferings.

Death is for the one who takes birth, hence when it is said no death means no birth only. The Sanskrit word ‘Ajam’ indicates the progress in our mental maturity.

Note :-
UPASANA = (UPA + ASANA) =(NEAR/ CLOSER + FIRM)= Keep closer and firm towards the Lord)
1. Service, 2. Nursing, 3. Divine/ True love, 4. Meditation, all are Upasanas.
2. Upasana what for/ why? : To uplift mind, to develop intelligence.
3. Moksham : Moha-Kshayam = defeat/decay of moham/desire.
4. Saguna Aradhana = very close to the Lord.

Here Lord Krishna speaks of the merits one acquires who knows the true nature of His divine appearances as sac-cid-anandam or eternity, knowledge and bliss and also knows the divine nature of his lila's or phenomenal pastimes which he accomplishes by his internal potency without any touch of material nature. One who has realised the truth of His reality does not take rebirth again being freed from their gross physical body as well as their subtle body which is the cause of having to accept a gross body and having qualified themselves for liberation are eligible to come to the eternal spiritual realms of Lord Krishna which is the ultimate reality and revels in bliss with Him.

For the purpose of showing that moksa or complete liberation from the cycle of birth and death is only possible through complete knowledge of His essence and not by partial knowledge does Lord Krishna speak thus. The complete knowledge is by the knowledge of the Vedic scriptures. That is the way Lord Krishna must be adored. In the Kurma Purana it is stated that: who lives their life following the principles advised in the Vedic scriptures and adores Him accordingly, to those does the Supreme Lord reveal Himself and not to others. So it is clarified that only proceeding in this manner is salvation and liberation achieved and not by any other method digressing from the Vedic scriptures and this is irrevocable. The adjective tattvatah signifies that the entire scope of knowledge is essential. Regarding it thus this is not contradictory. In the Skanda Purana it has been stated that a human being will not be knowledgeable by understanding a single principle without first knowing the entirety of the principles and even Shiva is not capable of doing so, therefore one should diligently endeavour to be aware of all the principles.

Only by learning and comprehending the knowledge revealed in the Vedic scriptures is moksham or liberation possible. By knowing and furthermore correlating this knowledge from different Vedic texts and applying it to one's everyday life will the ultimate attainment be gained and no other way. It should be clearly understood that the mere knowledge of the facts and details of the Supreme Lords appearance and divine pastimes will not enable one to attain liberation from the material existence without having first applied this learning through the medium of the Vedic scriptures fully into one's life and all that one's life encompasses.

The result of realising Lord Krishna's divine appearances and phenomenal exploits is being given by Him now. One who has truly realised that Lord Krishna's manifestations is due only to His sweet will and are for the protection of eternal righteous and beneficial to all living beings by this realisation becomes no more attached to their gross and subtle body is not subject to rebirth and is eligible to attain the blessed eternal spiritual realms in bliss with Him.

Whosoever is able to verily realise the divine, spiritual and uniquely phenomenal nature of the Supreme Lord Krishna's incarnations and transcendental pastimes which are exclusively manifested for the benefit of all those who take refuge in Him solely and which are intended for the protection of the righteous who understand the real tattvam or truth concerning His appearances. The word divyam in this verse meaning divine confirms that Lord Krishna appearance is not the same as the compulsory births of the conditioned embodied entities as a consequent reaction to their past life activities arising from their timeless interaction with prakriti or material nature. So in conclusion whoever understands that all avatars or incarnations emanate from Lord Krishna who is eternally possessed with all glorious qualities and wonderful attributes, such a person is not subject to rebirth once they leave their present body, but attains the eternal spiritual abode with the Supreme Lord. Put more succinctly such a person possessing accurate discriminative knowledge from discipline succession regarding Lord Krishna's incarnations and divine pastimes becomes free from all sins which stand in the way of coming to Him. Such a person in there present birth will attain Him by placing implicit reliance and full faith in Him in the manner described in previous verses and by making Him the be all and end all of their lives makes themselves extremely dear to the Lord which qualifies their existence for attaining Him. Next will be described the superb godly qualities of the these saintly persons.

To be continued  ....


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam- 6&7.


Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,

Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.

mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,

etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.

etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

The five great …

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.


amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;


indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,


indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;


asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;