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Gita : Ch-3. Slo-36.





Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :



Chapter-3. ( Karma-yogam )



Slokam-36. (  Arjuna, asked : What is it that incites one to commit sinful acts even against one's will as if compelled by force. )


Arjuna uvaca :



Atha  kena   prayuktoyam   papam   carati   purushah,



anicchannapi  varshnneya  baladiva  niyojitah.




arjuna  uvaca  =  Arjuna    asked;

varshnneya  =   O  descendant  of   Vrashnni-kulam( Lord    Krishna  );

atha   ayam   purushah  =   however  this  man;

anicchan  api  =  even  without  desiring;

kena  prayuktah  =  by  whom  encouraged/impelled/guided/stimulated;

balat  niyojitah  iva  =  as  if   engaged  by   force;

Papam  carati  =  do  sins.  




Arjuna wants to know from Lord Krishna exactly what ii is that forcibly impels a person embarking on the path of jnana yoga or the cultivation of Vedic wisdom to go against their better judgement and engage in sinful activities.

There exists numerous reasons why a person is impelled to sinful activities. Here the word atha denotes which others. Some are desire and anger. Arjuna wants to know which is the strongest impetus in provoking one to do unrighteous acts and which should by all means be avoided in order of priority.

After the Supreme Lord the demi-gods are the most powerful mediums of influence. Now Arjuna wants to know what other influences are next in importance.

Lord Krishna has stated in slokam thirty-four that one should not come under the influence of attraction and aversion. Arjuna considering this to be impossible poses this question as it is seen that a person who is able to restrain and control their senses through discrimination can at any moment revert back to committing sinful activities. So Arjuna is enquiring is about the main cause for such flagrant inconsistency in people.

By stating another's duty is fraught with danger Lord Krishna was indicating that fear of hellish births was the fear in question. Arjuna understood this; but now he is enquiring if there is another reason sins are committed. It is known that sins lead one to hell and no fear is greater then the fear of going to hellish regions; so what is it that compels beings to commit sins even against their better judgement as though driven by force.

To be continued  .....


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
The five great …

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.

(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.



arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;


param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.


sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Liste…

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.

13/04/2017

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.

(8)

amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;

(9)

indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,

janmamrtyujaravyadhiduhkhadoshanudarsanam.

indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;

(10).

asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;

anab…