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Gita : Ch-4. Slo-13.





( Very important Slokam: Request to understand Lord's points, do not hear / listen the misinterpretations by the so called  leaders )


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-4 : (Jnana-karma-sanyasa-yogam.)


Slokam- 13.


Discussion - Part-1.



"Caturvarnniyam maya srushtam guna karma vibhagacsah


tasya karttaramapi mam viddhi- akarattara- avyayam."



Guna karma vibhagacsah = According to guna, karma nature,

catur varnniyam = Four varnas (colours),

Maya srushtam = Created by me,

Tasya karttaram api = Though kartha of that,

Avyayam mam = Emotionless me,

Akarttaram viddhi = Know me that, I don't have karttyatvam ( doer).




This slokam was wrongly interpreted since the middle ages by those who are in favour of this social injustice (cruelty) among the citizens --"The Caste System."

In Yoga Sastram [ Science of Yoga ( not mean yogasana) ] Trigunas ( Satva, Rajas and Tamas ) are given colours. They are : White for satvam, Red for rajas, Black for tamas.

Human beings are the sum of Cittavrutti : (Vasanas + more negative, less positive thoughts). From distance the word thought looks alike, but it is not, a clear diversity is there, because in each Individual, the mind is different & independent.

Based on the diversity of Cittavrutti the complete human race, for study purpose, is separated into four colours (Varnnas)/ groups, depending upon their diversity in Cittavrutti.

At present on the basis of professions, we differentiate people, into Doctors, Lawyers, Teachers, Policemen, Priests, Mechanics, Nurses, Traders, Cleaners, Barbers, Blacksmiths, casual labours .......and so on.

According to rule book of the Governments all of these professions are equal in status because they are essential and important to the society, and live harmoniously depending each other.

But in the Middle Ages when power politics had high hand, became stronger, initiated the unhealthy separatism in thoughts raised head, which later given route/root to "The Dirty/Cruel Caste System"

The dishonest Pundits (taught) powerful priests class, Bramana’s (Brahmins) interpreted this slokam partially and exploited the ignorant ordinary citizens.

The decayed priests class/the system( mainly held by Brahmans), misused their status for their own selfish motives and superiority, put pressure on this caste system by helping themselves, misquoting this slokam part "Catur Varnniyam Maya Srushtam" - they said that this has Lord's Authentication, thus this line in the slokam misused conveniently.

The Hindus (Ancient citizens of Bharatham) suffered under this, the Brahmans in major part and Kshatriyas the rulers seconded their thoughts. These powerful groups are the greatest curse to this country since long, long ago, against the will of Lord Sri Krishna.

But Vyasa Maharishi who authored Mahabharatham, Srimad Bhagavadgeeta, and Srimad Bhagavatam and several puranas----- in the same slokam mentions the basis of professions: the pundits,priests, brahmanas intentionally hidden this part of the slokam-"Guna -Karma- Vibhagah"

Certainly Ocean may claim that it is the karta (doer/creator) of waves and foams, Gold may also claim that it is the creator of ornaments, because when gold removed then where the existence of ornaments.

But as Paramatma ( Lord, Truth, Supreme, Reality, Brahmam, God, and Infinite --------), is Omnipotent, Omnipresent: then it is Right/ correct to say that the supreme may not take part in any karma. Hence Lord SriKrishna declares that "Even though Iam the kartha of this (CaturVarnniyam), Iam also Akartha( Non-Doer)

This type of Duel Declarations (contradictory), are common in Vedanta, those who are not used to the Vedanta's ways and methods of study may become confused.

Bus or Train journey, movements of the vehicles are superimposed on us, we say that we reached here by them though they (the tellers are sitting in those vehicles; movement is done by not the Sayers but by vehicles).

Likewise though many active inventions, creative works, are done by thoughts of the mind and intelligence we usually say everything done by Lord's blessings. As the Lord is within us, Omnipresent, Truly Paramatma ( Lord) is neither Doer nor Creator (Karta/Akartaa).

Jivatma is the reflection of Paramatma only through the medium of Avidya ( Maaya). This medium has three gunas. Kama (desire), Sangalppam ( Vicharam or thoughts), and Karma ( action) are the diverse forms function in our body. For these things if there is no relationship or connection with Paramatma then the Prapancham (world/ universe/everything) will not exists.

The source of this Prapancham Lord Sri Krishna: who is ever-present as Atma Chaithanyam (Jeevatma) Says "I am the Kartha ( Doer ) and Akartha ( non-doer).

Note: Present Bharatham is in slumber and thoughtless caste system still exists (which was human mischief) and all sorts of political blunders continued compartmentalising citizens in many camps decaying our culture with the Governments taking advantages
in the form of votes.

Next : Part-2. Discussion on this Slokam.

To be continued  ...



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(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.



arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;


param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.


sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

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Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)


jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,


anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.



jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

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The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

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Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
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