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Gita : Ch-7. Slo-2.






Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-7. ( Jnana-Vijnana-yogam )

Slokam-2. (  I shall now declare unto you in full this knowledge both phenomenal and noumenal, by knowing which there shall remain nothing further to be known.)


jnanam     teham     savijnanam    idam   aseshatah,


yatjnatva     neha     bhuyonyat    jnatavyamavasishyate.



yat    jnatva    neha    bhuyah    iha    =    if   (you)    what    exactly    here   ( in   this   world )  is;

anyat    jnatvyam    =    there    nothing ,   for    knowing;

na     vasishyate   =     nothing    remains    to   be   known;

idam    jnanam    savijnanam    =    this    phenomenal    knowledge    with    knowledge    of    experience;

aseshatah   =    in    full   ( completely/fully );

aham   te     vakshyamy   =    I   (   shall  )   explain    to    you.


Lord Krishna presents this knowledge so as to provoke attention to the recipient by the words idam jnanam meaning the theoretical knowledge described in the Vedic scriptures and the words sa-vijnanam meaning knowledge of His manifested divine majesty based on realisation. The combination of theoretical knowledge with realisation from one's very own actual experience insures that there will be nothing else to be known for an aspirant in this world for moksa or liberation from the material existence who is engaged in practising yoga or the science of the individual consciousness attaining communion with the ultimate consciousness.

The word jnana means Vedic knowledge but the compound word sa-vijnanam indicates transcendental spiritual awareness oncerning the Supreme Lord. Lord Krishna is stating that He will reveal the complete process and means for achieving it .

Lord Krishna praises the transcendental knowledge that He is about to instruct as it leads to blessedness and realisation. This transcendental knowledge is the essence of Vedanta and derivable from the Vedic scriptures. Its realisation guarantees that there is nothing further to be known by one who is an aspirant for moksa or liberation from material existence. Such a person becomes exalted by such realisation alone.

Lord Krishna has deigned to reveal completely in detail the general knowledge concerning Him as well as the esoteric knowledge which can be realised. The word vijnana means realised knowledge. This denotes a more profound level of understanding with a special propensity of inate wisdom which can discern and discriminate the reality of the Supreme Lord Krishna being the original substratum and foundation of all that is animate and inanimate in existence.

He is the ultimate controller, the antithesis to whatever is demoniac. He is the sovereign master of all creation possessing unlimited divine glories and infinite transcendental qualities and attributes. Along with revealing these things Lord Krishna will also reveal the wisdom concerning His manifested nature. By the realisation of this spiritual knowledge there will be nothing left worthy of knowing for an aspirant of bhakti or unconditional loving devotion. The extreme difficulty in acquiring such esoteric knowledge about the Supreme Lord will be explained in the following slokam.

To be continued ....



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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
The five great …

Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.

13/04/2017

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.

(8)

amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;

(9)

indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,

janmamrtyujaravyadhiduhkhadoshanudarsanam.

indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;

(10).

asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;

anab…

Gita : Ch-2. Slo-56.

Srimad   Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )


Slokam-56. { One who is not disturbed in spite of the threefold miseries, who is not elated when there is happiness, and who is free from attachment, fear and anger, is called a sage of steady mind.}




Duhkheshvanudvignamanah    sukheshu     vigatasprhah,


Vitaragabhayakrodhah   sthitadhirmunirucyate.




duhkheshu  =  in   sorrows;

anudvignamanah  =   one   who  with  steady  mind ( balanced   mind, unshaken  mind, );

sukheshu  vigatasprhah  =  not  interested  in  happiness ( no desire  for happiness );

vitaragabhayakrodhah  muniah  =    free  from  attachments,  fear,  anger,  ( one  )  the muni (  Jnani  );

sthitadhirmunirucyate  =  is  called  as "Sthitah-prajnan" ( A  person   with  above   qualities ).





The Supreme Lord Krishna continuing the answer to the first question of slokam- 54 states that: He who is unperturbed, who is free from desires though amidst pleasures is not agitated even upon being put into misery because…