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Gita : Ch-13. Introduction-2.

Swami Chinmayananda-early picture

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Contents  of  this  chapter,  continuity  of  the  ideas  of  last  seventh  and  eighth  chapters  only.

Four  chapters  From  the  9th  to  12th,  may  be considered    as  explanation  of   Arjuna's  doubts  clarifications  and  the  strengthen  his  awareness  of  consciousness of  tattvam-s.

Lord  did  not  forget   the  prime  idea  of  the  eighth  chapter.

After  almost  satisfying  the  mano-bhuddhi  of  his  disciple  ( Arjuna ),  then  Lord  Lord  returns  to  earlier  idea.

Great  Acharyas  who  see  Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita  which  has  eighteen  chapters,  as  the  narration  of  'Maha-vakyam' "Tattvamasi,"  divided  the  text  into  three  parts  of  six  chapters  each.

"Of  the  'Maha-vakyam' "Tattvamasi"   the  terms  'TAT' indicate  "Paramatma,"  and   'TVAM'  to   "Jivatma"  and  'ASI'  to  their  oneness.

The  first  six  chapters  (  Prathamashtakam )  are  about  tvam  ( jivatma ),  next  six  chapters  ( dvateeyashtakam )   about  tat  ( Paramatma ),  after  explaining  these  two  parts  in  total  till  twelve  chapters,  the  last  six  chapters  ( triteeyashtakam )  will  be  the  commentary  of  the  term  'ASI.'

Now  this  thirteenth  chapter  onwards  till  eighteenth  chapter  will  be  the  content  of  triteeyashtakam,  it  is  said  so.

To be continued  ...

Satsangam-Chinmaya Mission- California-USA.


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.


arjuna uvaca :

param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,

purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.

arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;

param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,

asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.

sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)

jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,

anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.

jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita:

Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )

Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)


Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,

pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.

( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,

vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.


bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …