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Gita : Ch-2. Slo-66.






Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-2. ( Samkya-yogam )


Slokam-66. ( One who is not in transcendental consciousness can have neither a controlled mind nor steady intelligence, without which there is no possibility of peace. And how can there be any happiness without peace? )





Nasti    buddhiayuktasya    na    cayuktasya    bhavana,


na   cabhavayatah   santih    asantasya    kutah    sukham.





ayuktasya   =   one     who   has   no   manah-samyamanam   (  concentration of the mind );

buddhih   =   the   knowledge  ( intelligence )  of  the  Lord;

nasti   =   not   there;

ayuktasya   =   for  a  person   who   have  no   concentration  of  mind;

bhavana   ca   na   =   atma-dyanam  too   will  not be  there;

abhavayatah   =    one   who   has   no   practice  of  dyanam;

santih  ca  na    =   mental   peace   too   will   not  be  there;

asantasya    =   one   who   has  no  peace  of   mind;

kutah  sukham   =   where  is  happiness?



Lord Krishna is explaining the defects due to the absence of happiness as referred to in this verse. Without being happy there is no possibility of concentration of the mind. Without concentration of the mind there can be no meditation and without meditation it is not possible to have inner awakening or soul-cognition. Therefore it has been declared that these things are not possible for one without concentration. Santih or peace refers also to liberation. Santi, moksa or liberation and nirvana all have a similar meaning denoting termination of the samsara or worldly existence.



Lord Krishna now reveals the controlling of the senses as a means of attaining spiritual intelligence in a converse way. The Lord states that one with an uncontrolled mind can never possess spiritual intelligence even if well versed in the Vedic scriptures and the teachings of the bona-fide preceptor in the line of Vedic disciplic succession in one of the four authorised Vaisnava sampradaya's. Why is this true? Because with an uncontrolled mind it is not possible to have spiritual intelligence, without spiritual intelligence one cannot meditate and without meditation it is not possible to realise the Ultimate Truth. So one who has an uncontrolled mind is bereft of this, for one who cannot meditate, who is unable to enlighten themselves within there is no peace and where there is no peace how can there be happiness.



In order to strengthen the previous verse Lord Krishna points out all the contrary results incurred by one with an uncontrolled mind. One who has not subdued their senses by controlling their mind is bereft of determinative resolve. The intellect of one with spiritual intelligence determines the truth ascertained in the Vedic scriptures. It is not possible for an undisciplined living entity to have belief of the calibre necessary to contemplate matters relating to the ultimate truth. Without having understanding of God there is no peace and also no end to attachment for sensual objects. How can there possibly be permanent happiness which is inexhaustible and unaffected not in the least by sorrow if one is lacking peace of mind. Although material happiness is surely derived by experiencing worldly objects, the deceptive results of this perilous interaction is very succinctly summed up subsequently in verse 38 of the final chapter of Bhagavadgeeta.


One who is unable to concentrate and focus their mind in meditation on Lord Krishna is known as ayukta devoid of spiritual intelligence. One who attempts to control their senses by their own efforts without securing the grace of the Supreme Lord merited by devotion. To these living entities no clear, definitive illumination in consciousness can develop; ergo , because one will not be able to internally realise the ultimate reality of the Supreme Lord through the medium of the eternal soul as having name, form, qualities, pastimes, abode and sweetness. Thus without being able to comprehend and contemplate on the nature of the eternal soul there can be no tranquillity. Nor is it possible to dispel the compulsive urge and inclination to experience sensual objects. To those who are not tranquil, who are addicted to sensual objects and who are submerged in sense gratification; how can they ever possibly attain eternal blessedness and transcendental bliss. Again as stated previously are the disastrous consequences that result in the inability to govern the tempestuous senses.

To be continued  ...


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(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.



arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;


param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.


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asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


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Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)


jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,


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jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
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tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

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(27).

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27.

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