Gita : Ch-8. Slo-1.
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-8. (Akshara-brahma-yogam )
Slokam-1. ( Arjuna inquired: O my Lord, O Supreme Person, what is Brahmam? What is the self? What are fruitive activities? What is this material manifestation? And what are the demigods? Please explain this to me. )
arjuna uvaca :
kim tad brahma kim adhyatmam kim karma purushottama,
adhibhutam ca kim proktam adhidaivam kim ucyate.
arjuna uvaca : = Arjuna inquired;
purushottama = O, Lord;
proktam tat brahma kim = What is the so called brahmam;
adhyatmam kim = What is adhyatmam;
karma kim = What is karmam;
adhibhutam kim = What is adhibhutam;
kim adhidaivam ucyate = What is adhidaivam.
In this chapter Lord Krishna answers these different questions of Arjuna beginning with, "What is Brahman?"
The Lord also explains karma, fruitive activities, devotional service and yoga principles, and devotional service in its pure form.
The Srimad-Bhagavatam explains that the Supreme Absolute Truth is known as Brahman, Paramatma, and Bhagavan.
In addition, the living entity, individual soul, is also called Brahman.
Arjuna also inquires about atma, which refers to body, soul and mind.
According to the Vedic dictionary, atma refers to the mind, soul, body and senses also.
Arjuna has addressed the Supreme Lord as Purushottama, Supreme Person, which means that he was putting these questions not simply to a friend but to the Supreme Person, knowing Him to be the supreme authority able to give definitive answers.
To be continued ....