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Gita : Ch-3. Slo-25.





Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-3. ( Karma-yogam )


Slokam- 25. ( As the ignorant perform their duties with attachment to results, similarly the learned may also act, but without attachment, for the sake of leading people on the right path ( universal  welfare ).



Saktah karmanyavidvamsah yatha kurvanti bharata,



kuryadvidvamstathasaktah cikirshurlokasamgraham.



bharata = O descendant of Bharata vamsaja (Arjuna);

avidvamsah = Ajnani-s (ignorant people);

karmani saktah = attached to his karmam-s (swadharmam/ his duties);

yatha kurvanti tatha = in which way doing (doing karma-s) that way;

vidvan asaktah = jnani-s (learned people) without attachments;

loka samgraham cikirshuah = with the aim of  universal welfare;

kuryat = must do karmam.



In this slokam the topic of the previous two slokams is being concluded with Lord Krishna confirming that those great souls who have attained atma- tatva or soul realisation should perform prescribed Vedic actions for the benefit of the world out of compassion. As the ignorant perform actions being attached to the rewards contrarily one situated in atma-tattva should unattached perform Vedic activities solely for the welfare of the world. 


So one established as a person of spiritual wisdom should also perform prescribed Vedic actions without attachment in order to guide the masses down the path of virtue to redemption. Those devoid of knowledge of the Upanisads work with attachment engrossed totally in their actions. But the person of spiritual wisdom being able to discriminate between the atma or soul and the physical body is not perplexed and should act in an exemplary manner that inspires the public to perform prescribed Vedic actions as a matter of duty without attachment for the good of society. This what Lord Krishna means in this slokam.


A person in consciousness and a person not in  consciousness are differentiated by different desires. A  conscious person does not do anything which is not conducive to development of  consciousness. He may even act exactly like the ignorant person, who is too much attached to material activities, but one is engaged in such activities for the satisfaction of his sense gratification, whereas the other is engaged for the satisfaction of Consciousness. Therefore, the  conscious person is required to show the people how to act and how to engage the results of action for the purpose of  consciousness. 

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-6 & 7. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, December 28, 2016.


Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-13. ( Khetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )


Slokam- 6&7.


(6)-

Mahabutaniahankarah  bhuddhiraviyaktameva  ca,


Indriyani dasaikam  ca  panchendriyagocarah.



mahabutani  =  five elements ( Akasam, vayu, agni, jalam,  bhumi. );

ahankaram  =  false ego ( A sense of "karthrutva- bhoktyatva-abhimanam" );

bhuddhi  avyaktam  =  intelligence, vasana;

dhasa  indriyani  =  ten  indriyas;

ekam  =  mind;

pancha  indriya  gocarah  =    five indriya vishayas ( objects : form, sound, taste, smell, touch. ), thus, consisting of 24 tattva-s.



(7)-


iccha  dveshah  sukam  dukham  samkhatascetana  drutih,


etat  kshetram  samasena  savikaramudahrutam.



etat  kshetram  =  this   kshetram   ( our body  );

iccha  dvesham  sukam  dukkam  = desire, hatred, joy and sorrow;

samkhatah  cetana  drutih  =  samkhatam, cetana,  and druti;

savikaram  =  thus 7 emotions;

samasena  udahrutam  =  briefed  to you Arjuna.

Discussion - 3.

3.1
The five great …

Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.

(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.



arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;


param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.


sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-8 to 12. Slokams and combined - Discussion-10.

13/04/2017

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13.(  ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )
Slokam-s. 8 to 12.

(8)

amanitvamadambhitvam  ahimsa  kshantirarjavam,

acaryopasanam  saucam   sthairyamatmavinigrahah.

amanitvam  =  humility;

adambhitvam  =  pridelessness;

ahimsa  =  nonviolence;

kshantih  =  tolerance;

arjavam  =  simplicity;

acarya-upasanam  =  approaching a bona fide spiritual master;

saucam  =  cleanliness;

sthairyam  =  steadfastness;

atma-vinigrahah  =  control;

(9)

indriyartheshu  vairagyam   anahankara  eva  ca,

janmamrtyujaravyadhiduhkhadoshanudarsanam.

indriya-artheshu  =  in the matter of the senses;

vairagyam  =  enunciation;

anahankarah  =  being without false egoism;

eva  =  certainly;

ca  =  also;

janma  =  birth;

mrtyu  =  death;

jara  =  old age;

vyadhi  =  disease;

duhkha  =  distress;

dosha  =  fault;

anudarsanam  =  observing;

(10).

asaktiranabhishvangah  putradaragrahadishu,

nityam ca  sama-cittatvam  ishtanishtopapattishu.

 asaktih  =  without attachment;

anab…