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Gita : Ch-3. Slo-25.





Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :


Chapter-3. ( Karma-yogam )


Slokam- 25. ( As the ignorant perform their duties with attachment to results, similarly the learned may also act, but without attachment, for the sake of leading people on the right path ( universal  welfare ).



Saktah karmanyavidvamsah yatha kurvanti bharata,



kuryadvidvamstathasaktah cikirshurlokasamgraham.



bharata = O descendant of Bharata vamsaja (Arjuna);

avidvamsah = Ajnani-s (ignorant people);

karmani saktah = attached to his karmam-s (swadharmam/ his duties);

yatha kurvanti tatha = in which way doing (doing karma-s) that way;

vidvan asaktah = jnani-s (learned people) without attachments;

loka samgraham cikirshuah = with the aim of  universal welfare;

kuryat = must do karmam.



In this slokam the topic of the previous two slokams is being concluded with Lord Krishna confirming that those great souls who have attained atma- tatva or soul realisation should perform prescribed Vedic actions for the benefit of the world out of compassion. As the ignorant perform actions being attached to the rewards contrarily one situated in atma-tattva should unattached perform Vedic activities solely for the welfare of the world. 


So one established as a person of spiritual wisdom should also perform prescribed Vedic actions without attachment in order to guide the masses down the path of virtue to redemption. Those devoid of knowledge of the Upanisads work with attachment engrossed totally in their actions. But the person of spiritual wisdom being able to discriminate between the atma or soul and the physical body is not perplexed and should act in an exemplary manner that inspires the public to perform prescribed Vedic actions as a matter of duty without attachment for the good of society. This what Lord Krishna means in this slokam.


A person in consciousness and a person not in  consciousness are differentiated by different desires. A  conscious person does not do anything which is not conducive to development of  consciousness. He may even act exactly like the ignorant person, who is too much attached to material activities, but one is engaged in such activities for the satisfaction of his sense gratification, whereas the other is engaged for the satisfaction of Consciousness. Therefore, the  conscious person is required to show the people how to act and how to engage the results of action for the purpose of  consciousness. 

To be continued  ...


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Gita : Ch-10. Slo-12 & 13.

Srimad  Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-10. ( Vibhuthi-yogam)

Slokam-12 & 13.

(12)


arjuna uvaca :


param  brahma  param  dhama  pavitram  paramam  bhavan,


purusham  sasvatam  divyam  adidevamajam  vibhum.



arjuna uvaca :  arjuna  said;


param  brahma  param  dhama  =  supreme  brahmam  and  supreme  place  to  attain (sustenance );

paramam  pavitram  bhavan  =  supreme  and  purest  are  yourself;

tvam  sasvatam  divyam  purusham  =  you  are  the  divine  permanent purushan;

adi-devam-ajam  =  very  first  supreme  lord  and  unborn ( svayambhu );

vibhum  =  all  pervading,  ( said )  as;


(13)


ahustvamrshayah  sarve  devarshirnaradastatha,


asito  devalo  vyasah  svayam  caiva  bravishi me.


sarve  rshayah  =  all  rishi-s  and;

tatha  devarshih  naradah  =  also  deva  rishi  narada  and;

asitah  devalah  =  asitan  and  devala;

vyasah  ahu  =  and  vyasa  too  say;

svayam  eva  =  now  you  are  your  own;

me  bravishi  ca  =  also  explained,  ( the  above,  that  way said ) to  me.


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Gita : Ch-13. Slo-13. Discussion-3.

12/07/2017.
Bhagavad-Gita :
Chapter-13. ( Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam )

Slokam-13. ( I shall now explain the knowable, knowing which you will taste the eternal. This is beginningless, and it is subordinate to Me. It is called Brahmam, the spirit, and it lies beyond the cause and effect of this material world.)


jneyam  yat  tat  pravakshyami  yatjnatvamrtamasnute,


anadimat  param   brahma  na  sat  tannasaducyate.



jneyam  yat  =   (which )  the  one  which  is  to  be  known  ( knowledge );
yat  jnatva  =  ( if  )  that  one  is  known ( knowing  that  knowledge );
amrtam  asnute  =  results  in  gaining  amrtatvm;
tat  pravakshyami  =  that  I  will  tell ( teach )  you;
anadimat  param   brahma  =  that  is  the  beginningless   Para-brahmam  ( the Supreme  abode ) ;
tat  sat  na  asat  na  =  that  either  sat ( cause ) or  asat  ( effect );
ucyate  =  cannot  be  said ( called ).

Discussion -3.
The use of the term innermost self to refer to the brahman does not create any contradiction bec…

Gita : Ch-5. Slo-27 & 28.

(Very important slokam-s, Here Lord narrates the details of meditation)



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Chapter-5. ( Karma-sanyasa-yogam )


Slokam-27 & 28. (  Shutting out all external sense objects, keeping the eyes and vision concentrated between the two eyebrows, suspending the inward and outward breaths within the nostrils—thus controlling the mind, senses and intelligence, the tranecendentalist becomes free from desire, fear and anger. One who is always in this state is certainly liberated.)



(27).

Sparsan    krtva    bahirbahyan     cakshuscaivantare     bhruvoh,


pranapanau    samau    krtva     nasabhyantaracarinau.


( 28 ).

Yatendriyamanobuddhiah    muniahmokshaparayanah,


vigatecchabhayakrodhah    yah    sada     mukta    eva    sah.



27.

bahirbahyan     sparsan  =  unnecessary   external    sense     objects,    such    as    sound, etc.;

bahiah    krtva  =   do    not    allowing    to   enter    within,   by    determination,   setting   them    outside;

cakshuah    ca  =  keeping …