Monday, Nov 21, 2016.
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Slokam-5. ( That knowledge of the field of activities and of the knower of activities is described by various sages in various Vedic writings-especially in the Vedānta-sūtra-and is presented with all reasoning as to cause and effect. )
rshibhirbahudha gitam chandobhir vividhaih prthak,
brahmasutrapadaiscaiva hetumadbhir viniscitaih.
rshibhih bahudha = by Rishi-s in many ways;
vividhaih chandobhih = many different Vedic mantra-s ( hymens );
hetumadbhih viniscitaih = with cause and effect and ascertain ( certain and sure );
brahma-sutrapadais eva ca = the vedantam and aphorism too;
( etat) prthak gitam = variously described ( this specially reflected ).
The question may be raised as to whose elaborate teachings will Lord Krishna briefly summarise.
Here it refers to rishis or holy sages such as Vasistha and Parasara etc. who have described it in various ways as objects of meditation and concentration of the cosmic mind and also what has been variously sung in propitiation to the Supreme Lord and the various yagnas or rites of propitiation offered to Him both daily and occasional is indicative of the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence.
Upanisadic texts such as Taittriya Upanisad III.I state :-
That from which all these things are born. This indirectly describes the brahman.
Whereas the Taittriya Upanisad II.I states:-
Existence, knowledge, infinity is the brahman. This defines the brahman and helps to attain it directly in its true essence.
To be continued ....