Gita : Ch-13. Slo-5. Discussion-5.
Monday, Nov 07, 2016.
Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :
Slokam-5. ( That knowledge of the field of activities and of the knower of activities is described by various sages in various Vedic writings-especially in the Vedānta-sūtra-and is presented with all reasoning as to cause and effect. )
rshibhirbahudha gitam chandobhir vividhaih prthak,
brahmasutrapadaiscaiva hetumadbhir viniscitaih.
rshibhih bahudha = by Rishi-s in many ways;
vividhaih chandobhih = many different Vedic mantra-s ( hymens );
hetumadbhih viniscitaih = with cause and effect and ascertain ( certain and sure );
brahma-sutrapadais eva ca = the vedantam and aphorism too;
( etat) prthak gitam = variously described ( this specially reflected ).
It is fine that the reality concerning the kshetram will be described in brief but the need may arise for further evidence in detail.
Anticipating such queries Lord Krishna confirms that it is also eulogised by rsibhih the sages such as Vasistha and Parasara and is revealed in the Vedic scriptures in various precise and concise ways.
The Taittriya Upanisad II.I states : -
Verily is the Supreme Lord the essence of food.
The person consisting of food is the physical body of the jiva or embodied being, then the next is the breath followed by the mind.
Further in verse II.IV it states : -
Verily after that within of the mind which consists of intellect there exists the atma or eternal soul which consists of consciousness.
This is the nature of the jiva.
These facts have been stated explicitly by Vedavyasa in the Rg, Yajur, Sama and Atharva Vedas and and conclusively proven in Vedanta Sutras.
All the conclusions from the Vedic scriptures are harmonious and clear to the Vaisnava devotees and the pandits or scholars in the Vedic culture as well.
The Vedanta Sutras reveals the brahman or spiritual substratum pervading all existence and the ultimate truth in an abbreviated form yet it is more exact and profound.
The Vedas reveal it in explicit detail and the Upanisads reveal its nature, attributes and glories very elaborately.
An aphorism is defined as concise, precise, unequivocal, understandable, eternal and free from illusion.
The Vedanta Sutras are aphorisms on the investigation and knowledge of the atma or eternal soul and the ultimate truth.
To be continued ...