Gita : Ch-13. Slo-5. Discussion-3.

Wednesday, Oct 26, 2016.

Srimad Bhagavad-Gita :

Chapter-13. (Kshetra-kshetrajna-vibhaga-yogam)

Slokam-5. ( That knowledge of the field of activities and of the knower of activities is described by various sages in various Vedic writings-especially in the Vedānta-sūtra-and is presented with all reasoning as to cause and effect. )

rshibhirbahudha  gitam  chandobhir  vividhaih  prthak,

brahmasutrapadaiscaiva  hetumadbhir  viniscitaih.

 rshibhih  bahudha  =  by  Rishi-s  in  many  ways;

vividhaih  chandobhih  =  many  different  Vedic mantra-s ( hymens );

hetumadbhih  viniscitaih  =  with cause and effect  and  ascertain ( certain  and  sure );

brahma-sutrapadais  eva  ca  =   the  vedantam  and  aphorism  too;

( etat)  prthak  gitam  =  variously  described  ( this  specially  reflected ).


Distinctly by various mantras of the Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda the distinctions between the bodily nature and the spiritual soul nature are sublimely sung.
An example is found in the Tattiriya Upanisad II.I.II beginning tasmad eva etasmadatmana akasah sambhutah meaning : -

From the atma or eternal soul verily akasa or space has manifested , from space ether has manifested, from ether has come air, from air has come fire, from fire has come water, from water has come earth, from earth has come plants, from plants has come food, from food comes all embodied species headed by the human species.

Thus the nature of the physical body has been stated.

As well the subtle principle of pranas or life airs and the even subtler principle of manas or the mind and intellect have been stated in conclusion.

More than the principle of the manas is the supra-subtle principle of the vijnana-maya or the conscious soul and the source of all of the above is the Supreme Lord in His localised form as paramatma the Supreme Soul within all sentient beings and even more supra-subtle than even this is His transcendental body as the composite form of all atmas in all living entities known as ananda- maya as given in the Tattiriya Upanisad II.V.II beginning : -

tasyaisha eva sharira atma which is the witness and monitor of living entities.

To be continued ....